Environmental Change and Challenge, Third Edition - Chapter 1

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:

a) humans have the insight to appreciate how they could be used
b) their intrinsic value is recognized
c) these elements have a value to humans
d) a, b, and c
e) a and c
f) b and c

Question 2:

a) Cape Breton coal was high in sulphur, which required large quantities of coal to be used and sulphur extracted to produce usable coke
b) Wabana iron ore was full of impurities such as silica and rock, which was extracted by using large quantities of limestone
c) there was uncontrolled dumping of cancer-causing waste by-products
d) of misunderstood implications of the air pollution from coke ovens and furnaces
e) all of the above

Question 3:

a) a higher rate of cancer deaths compared to the national average
b) shorter life expectancies compared to the national average
c) unhealthy lifestyles led to earlier death than in the rest of Canada
d) a greater rate of major birth anomalies relative to the rest of Nova Scotia
e) a, b, and c
f) a, b, and d

Question 4:

a) 10 per cent since 1970
b) 25 per cent since 1970
c) 35 per cent since 1970
d) 25 per cent since 1990
e) 10 per cent since 1990

Question 5:

a) half the world’s forest cover is gone and another 30 per cent is degraded
b) about 170,000 square kilometres of tropical forest are destroyed each year
c) Amazonian deforestation was 41 per cent higher in 2002 than in 2001
d) all of the above
e) a and c

Question 6:

a) has quadrupled since 1960
b) has doubled since 1950
c) has increased threefold since 1950
d) has doubled since 1980
e) has increased threefold since 1980

Question 7:

a) the world population will increase by 80 million
b) India will lag China as the most populous country
c) China will have a population of 2 billion
d) the population of Bangladesh will triple to 280 million
e) populations of the world’s 48 LDCs will double

Question 8:

a) population growth was geometric
b) population growth was arithmetic
c) growth in food supply was geometric
d) growth in food supply was arithmetic
e) population growth would outstrip food supply
f) a, d, and e
g) b, c, and e

Question 9:

a) 20 per cent of the global population consumes about 80 per cent of the planetary resources
b) North America and Europe account for 12 per cent of the global population and almost 40 per cent of the private consumption
c) Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia account for 33 per cent of the global population and three per cent of the consumption
d) people in the wealthiest countries use 25 times more energy per capita than the world’s poorest people
e) Canadians are among the top per capita consumers of energy

Question 10:

a) the provincial government set up 50–50 cost-sharing with municipalities
b) a majority of municipalities in a watershed agreed to work collaboratively
c) local people have the enthusiasm and conviction to financially support an authority
d) municipalities became more accountable and independent after the provincial government reduced funding after the mid-1990s
e) none of the above

Question 11:

a) 1 billion
b) 3 million
c) 4 million
d) 2 billion

Question 12:

a) China
b) The United States
c) India
d) Canada

Question 13:

a) provide the energy you require
b) meet your material requirements
c) dispose of your wastes
d) all of the above

Question 14:

a) over-consumption
b) pollution
c) over-population
d) all of the above

Question 15:

a) 90%
b) 10%
c) 20%
d) 25%