Environmental Change and Challenge, Third Edition - Chapter 7

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) remained within half a degree of 14°C
b) risen half a degree every century
c) risen 0.6°C every century
d) fluctuated within a 5°C band
e) shown no evidence of climate warming

Question 2:


a) Hydrogen
b) Oxygen
c) Nitrogen
d) Carbon dioxide
e) Sulphur dioxide

Question 3:


a) Solar radiation
b) The shape of the Earth’s orbit
c) Earthquakes and tsunamis
d) Volcanic eruptions
e) Changes in ocean currents

Question 4:


a) True
b) False

Question 5:


a) agriculture and industry
b) too many cars
c) increase in industry
d) fossil fuel use and land use change
e) None of the above.

Question 6:


a) the world sea level will rise an average of 0.5 metres
b) the world mean sea level will rise by between 0.09 and 0.88 metres
c) the world mean sea level will rise by between 0.18 and 0.59 metres
d) Both a and b.
e) Both b and c.

Question 7:


a) El Niño
b) the Southern Oscillation
c) the North Atlantic Oscillation
d) volcanic eruptions
e) All of the above.

Question 8:


a) 10 per cent by 2008
b) 6 per cent by 2008–2012
c) 5 per cent by 2010–2011
d) 15 per cent by 2012

Question 9:


a) the ratio of greenhouse gas emissions to economic output
b) a tool to measure reductions in greenhouse gas emissions
c) a globally accepted alternative to the legally binding Kyoto Protocol
d) a model that has cut total greenhouse gas emissions in the United States
e) Both a and b.
f) Both d and e.

Question 10:


a) True
b) False

Question 11:


a) True
b) False

Question 12:


a) True
b) False

Question 13:


a) True
b) False

Question 14:


a) a legitimate way for nations to achieve GHG emission reduction targets
b) a way to trap carbon in natural systems such as forests
c) a challenge, as biological sinks are not permanent
d) All of the above.

Question 15:


a) True
b) False