Human Geography 8e: Chapter 12

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the “Submit my answers” button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) decline as a negative exponential function of distance from the centre of the city
b) decline as a negative logarithmic function of distance from the centre of the city
c) vary spatially, but not in any formal relation to the centre of the city
d) vary spatially in relation to industrial areas, but cannot be evaluated using a function
e) depend very heavily on the general internal structure of the city

Question 2:


a) are typically centred around the plaza
b) are characterized by a high concentration of squatter housing
c) typically contain only formalized housing
d) typically have outer regions connected by a perimeter road
e) are not easily generalizable into a single model

Question 3:


a) fragmentation and cultural hybridity
b) social polarization and landscapes of privilege and deprivation
c) connections that reduce the friction of distance
d) actively maintain privilege and exclude disadvantaged others
e) intensely stratified concentric zones of land use

Question 4:


a) metropolitan governments
b) voluntary coordination of local councils
c) independent councils
d) regional governments
e) All of the above.

Question 5:


a) the rise of identity politics
b) the need to manage major sanitation problems
c) that employers wanted to build planned towns for their foremen and managers
d) the desire to decentralize authority using grid systems
e) the need to emphasize spaciousness and quality of life

Question 6:


a) a high-quality residential subdivision or community that limits access
b) a planned area of open, partially rural land, surrounding an urban area
c) a planned city that combines the advantages of urban and rural living
d) a city that emphasises environmental justice through urban gardening
e) a planned city with reversed houses that look onto a common green area

Question 7:


a) the development of a centre of office and retail activities located on the edge of a large urban centre
b) a continuously built-up area formed when several originally separate, expanding cities coalesce
c) the opposite of suburbanization—a process in which activities in the city centre intensify and grow
d) a process of residential spread without infilling, resulting in low population densities and single-use locations
e) reduced mobility in older cities due to narrow streets and a lack of public transportation

Question 8:


a) public ownership, massive multi-story buildings, and modernist aesthetics
b) accommodating pedestrian movement and mass transit, rather than private vehicles
c) creating communities that limit access to residents and authorized people only
d) telecommunications and an increase in space-time convergence
e) aesthetically pleasing city centres with extensive open spaces and wide streets

Question 9:


a) accessibility
b) mobility
c) conurbation
d) motility
e) space-time convergence

Question 10:


a) the need for personal mobility has been reduced
b) back- and front-office activities can take place in different places
c) new divisions of labour have arisen
d) the number of travel trips within urban centres has decreased
e) All of the above.


Norton, Ninth Edition: Chapter 12

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) decline as a negative exponential function of distance from the centre of the city
b) increase as an exponential function of distance from the centre of the city
c) vary spatially, but not in any formal relation to the centre of the city
d) vary spatially in relation to industrial areas
e) None of the above

Question 2:


a) are typically centred around a plaza
b) are typically some mix of indigenous, Islamic, colonial, and European influences
c) typically contain only formalized housing
d) typically have outer regions connected by a perimeter road
e) None of the above.

Question 3:


a) rooflessness
b) the cycle of poverty
c) deindustrialization
d) conurbation
e) edge poverty

Question 4:


a) Living in a house that is overcrowded
b) Sleeping regularly at a shelter
c) Living in a home that will likely be lost if the rent is raised
d) All of the above
e) Both A and B

Question 5:


a) skilled occupations
b) repetitive office operations
c) are located in major office buildings
d) performed through face-to-face interaction
e) All of the above

Question 6:


a) a high-quality residential subdivision or community with access limited to residents and other authorized people
b) a planned area of open, partially rural land, surrounding an urban area
c) a planned settlement designed to combine the advantages of urban and rural living to emphasize spaciousness and quality of life
d) a city which emphasises environmental justice
e) None of the above.

Question 7:


a) the development of a centre of office and retail activities located on the edge of a large urban centre
b) a continuously built-up area formed by the coalescing of several expanding cities that were originally separate
c) the opposite of suburbanization
d) a lack of environmental justice
e) a lack of mobility in cities

Question 8:


a) public ownership and massive multi-story buildings
b) pedestrian movement and mass transit, rather than private vehicles
c) access limited only to residents and authorized people
d) telecommunications and an increase in space-time convergence
e) None of the above.

Question 9:


a) accessibility
b) mobility
c) conurbation
d) motility
e) None of the above

Question 10:


a) a reduction in the need for personal mobility
b) differentiation between back office and front office activities
c) new divisions of labour
d) All of the above
e) None of the above