Higher Education

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Reading Quiz for Chapter 4 of The Active Reader, Part I

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) To raise awareness of a problem
b) To reach a compromise
c) To inform or explain something
d) All of the above could be functions of argumentative essays.

Question 2:


a) Purpose, structure, and claim
b) Purpose, audience, and voice
c) Writer, language, and evidence
d) All of the above.

Question 3:


a) The interpretation of facts doesn’t change.
b) For the purposes of argument, fact and opinion can be considered synonymous.
c) The interpretation of facts can be challenged.
d) The basis of a fact cannot change.

Question 4:


a) Fact and policy
b) Fact and value
c) Policy and value
d) All of the above.

Question 5:


a) They must be supported by facts.
b) They must be supported by more than subjective opinion.
c) They must challenge the status quo or traditional belief systems.
d) None of the above is true of arguable claims.

Question 6:


a) specific and substantial
b) specific and detailed
c) universal and substantial
d) complex and manageable

Question 7:


a) the link between the claim and the evidence
b) the most direct means to support the claim
c) the link between different kinds of evidence
d) the primary way to establish your credibility in an argumentative essay

Question 8:


a) are usually considered less reliable than authorities
b) carry the same weight as authorities in supporting a claim
c) are usually considered more reliable than authorities
d) should be used in expository rather than argumentative essays

Question 9:


a) a point that precedes and is connected to a main point
b) a kind of example that refers to the way something was done in the past
c) a term that applies only to legal arguments
d) a prediction or hypothesis that is applied to argument

Question 10:


a) It is applicable to scientific experiments and should be avoided in arguments.
b) It begins with a generalization that must be true for the conclusion to be valid.
c) It arrives at a conclusion after occurrences have been observed and measured.
d) All of the above are true of inductive reasoning.

Question 11:


a) Men are poor shoppers, which is why I never expect a birthday present from my brother.
b) She is an only child; she must be spoiled.
c) He took the bus downtown after classes today; he must live downtown.
d) All of the above are examples of faulty inductive reasoning.

Question 12:


a) are usually the result of unclear or simplistic thinking
b) can often be identified in others’ arguments in order to strengthen your own argument
c) can be divided into categories in order to be more easily identified
d) All of the above are true of errors in inductive and deductive reasoning.

Question 13:


a) misuse or manipulate emotion and are usually ineffective in argument
b) are the same as emotional appeals
c) are examples of fallacies in inductive reasoning
d) increase a writer’s credibility if used sparingly

Question 14:


a) the overuse of long or challenging words in argument
b) language that reveals a writer’s bias
c) the overuse of italics to emphasize a point in argument
d) the indirect use of language in your essay

Question 15:


a) you give ground to the opposing side in order to appear fair
b) you stress that you and your opponent share certain values
c) you show how your opponent can benefit by adopting your viewpoint
d) All of the above could be involved in this strategy.

Question 16:


a) is common though not always necessary
b) is advisable if your audience agrees with your viewpoint
c) is advisable in most cases
d) should be used only if your audience is not knowledgeable about your topic

Question 17:


a) if the opposing viewpoint is focused on one or two strong claims
b) if a full rebuttal is not practical or required
c) if your audience is not well informed about the opposing side
d) All of the above describe instances in which this strategy could be used.

Question 18:


a) They are partly explorative and expressive.
b) They may be more loosely structured than formal essays.
c) They require a high level of expertise in the subject.
d) They are focused on a particular text but may include your experiences and observations.

Question 19:


a) They are focused equally on the text being analyzed and your own experiences/observations.
b) They break down a text in some way and require the use of an objective voice.
c) They focus on the relationship between you, the reader, and the text being analyzed.
d) They usually require less planning and are more informal than critical responses.

Question 20:


a) challenge one or more of the writer’s claims
b) analyze the writer’s use of logic or reason
c) question the writer’s objectivity
d) do any of the above