Higher Education

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Quiz for Mid-Term Exam

Student Self-Grading Multiple Choice

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1. Traditionally, the first stage of writing is called ________.

a) beginning
b) inventing
c) concluding
d) none of the above

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2. Process-reflective writing focuses on ________.

a) clarity
b) outlining
c) drafting
d) point form

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3. Reading merely to grasp basic content is, in essence, ________.

a) passive reading
b) one-way reading
c) aggressive reading
d) Both a and b
e) All of the above

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4. A reader who assesses a writer's expertise, experience, and past research assesses the ________.

a) writer’s method
b) writer’s support
c) writer’s basis
d) writer’s credibility

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5. A writer's attitude toward his or her subject can be identified through ________.

a) jargon
b) tone
c) context
d) background
e) All of the above

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6. A(n) ___________ audience is more likely to disagree or differ from the writer's view point.

a) positive
b) negative
c) neutral
d) opposite

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7. Thinking about and developing a topic involves ________.

a) pre-writing
b) organization
c) research
d) composing

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8. Continuously writing without editing to record ideas is called ________.

a) mapping
b) brainstorming
c) freewriting
d) clustering

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9. An outline including sub-points and main points is called ________..

a) scratch outline
b) a formal outline
c) a graphic outline
d) None of the above

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10. Considering purpose, whether the audience is addressed, and if there are unneeded points is called ________.

a) underscoring ideas
b) solidifying ideas
c) solidifying structure
d) overview

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11. An expository essay provides _____________ on/of a subject.

a) an analysis
b) information
c) an opinion
d) All of the above

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12. Critical thinking is essential to ________.

a) expository writing
b) argumentative writing
c) Both a and b
d) None of the above

 

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13.Expository writing uses a _____________-based thesis.

a) fact
b) value
c) policy
d) All of the above

 

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14.Description provides the reader with ________.

a) abstract information
b) concrete description
c) opinions
d) None of the above

 

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15. Recall requires that the writer be aware of ________.

a) basic principles
b) procedures
c) methods
d) All of the above

 

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16. The topic sentence tends to be at the __________ of a paragraph.

a) beginning
b) middle
c) end
d) none of the above

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17. A ________ reminds a reader what the paragraph was about.

 

a)topic sentence
b) wrap
c) conclusion
d) none of the above

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18. Strong paragraphs are ________.

a) coherent
b) unified
c) well-developed
d) all of the above

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19. _______ patterns may be assigned to a paragraph

a) Spatial
b) Chronological
c) Cause and effect
d) all of the above
e) None of the above

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20. Repetition of words may ________.

a) reinforce a core idea
b) emphasize through rhythm
c) All of the above
d) None of the above

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21. Introductions should ________.

a) create reader interest
b) reaffirm the thesis
c) restate the thesis
d) None of the above

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22. Beginning an introduction with a quotation, question, or personal experience is common of the ________.

a) dramatic approach
b) inverted pyramid structure
c) thesis statement
d) None of the above

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23.Thesis statements function to ________.

a) announce the main point
b) introduce the writer
c) establish credibilitye
d) all of the above
e) Both a and b

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24. "Simple" an "expanded" may describe types of ________.

a) conclusions
b) thesis statements
c) introductions
d) body paragraphs

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25."Circular" and "spiral" describe types of ________.

a) conclusions
b) introductions
c) thesis statements
d) body paragraphs

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26.The topic often provides a writer with the ________.

a) main organizational method
b) thesis
c) body paragraph
d)conclusion
e)analysis

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27.If the topic dictates which method is to be used, the essay may use ________.

a) that topic only
b) other methods
c) that method only
d)None of the above

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28.Chronology deals with a topic's ________.

a) thesis
b) conclusion
c) development over time
d) definition

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29.A writer can use description in an essay ________.

a) at any point
b) only at the beginning
c) only at the end
d) at no point

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30. An analogy is a(n) ________.

a) narration
b) evaluation
c) thesis
d) paragraph
e)comparison

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31. Which of the following is a type of claim?

a) fact
b) value
c) policy
d) All of the above
e) None of the above

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32.Tentative claims are ________.

a) temporary
b) conclusive
c) false
d) political
e) All of the above

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33.________ may be hard or soft.

a) Research
b) Evidence
c) Argument
d) Analysis

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34. Case studies can be used to support ________.

a) precedents
b) analogies
c) personal experience
d) a hypothesis

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35. ________ contributes to a writer's credibility

a) Reliability
b) Fairness
c) All of the above
d)None of the above

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36._________ is a type of writing distinct from arguing or persuading

a) Research
b) Expository
c) Literary analysis
d) None of the above

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37.When explaining or informing, a writer must be familiar with his or her ________.

a) topic
b) reader
c) opinion
d) None of the above

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38.Once a writer has developed a topic, he or she should determine the reader's ________.

a) knowledge
b) interest
c) All of the above
d) None of the above

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39. If the main purpose of a process analysis is to stimulate interest, the writer will need to include________.

a) more detail
b) less detail
c) no details at all
d) None of the above

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40. A ________ essay is often the most challenging

a) process analysis
b) definition
c) compare and contrast
d) None of the above

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41. An extended summary should be mostly in ________.

a) the writer's words
b) quoted
c) point form
d) None of the above

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42. When a writer summarizes from a secondary source, it is important to ________.

a) paraphrase
b) give credit
c) write an abstract
d)annotate

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43. Compared to the original work, a paraphrase is usually ________.

a) the same length
b) longer
c) shorter
d) None of the above

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44. An abstract is generally written ________.

a) before the writing process beginst
b) after the essay is finished
c) after the writer has reached conclusions
d) Both a and b
e) Both b and c

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45.Annotated bibliographies often accompany ________.

a) books
b) dissertations
c) book reviews
d) Both a and bbr
e) None of the above

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46.When conducting research, a writer must analyze other researchers' ________.

a) conclusions
b) opinions
c) experiences
d) None of the above

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47. After finding sources, the writer must ________ them.

a) paraphrase
b) assimilate
c) cite
d) document

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48.When collecting research, it is important to ensure that the sources have been ________.

a) published to the internet
b) scrutinized by other experts
c) Both of the above
d) None of the above

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49.Early in the research process, potentially useful sources may be added to ________.

a) an annotated bibliography
b) a working bibliography
c) an abstract
d) None of the above

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50. A secondary source is another writer's ________.

a) opinion on a text
b) case study of a text
c) analysis of a text
d) commentary on a text
e) Both c and d
f) Both b and c

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51. When integrating secondary sources, the writer should consider using the ________-format.

a) summary
b) paraphrase
c) direct quotation
d) mixe
e) All of the above

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52. General knowledge often varies according to ________.

a) audience
b) opinion
c) the writer
d) All of the above
e)None of the above

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53. Using secondary sources allows a writer to support ________.

a) a case study
b) an opinion
c) an argument
d) a description

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54. A writer should summarize ________ when using them to support main points.

a) descriptions
b) opinions
c) ideas
d) phrases

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55. A writer can use________ to indicate the omission of one or more words from a direct quotation

a) ellipses
b) brackets
c) quotation marks
d) boldface

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56. The MLA and APA style guides are updated ________.

a) every decade
b) every two years
c) never
d) every five years
e)None of the above

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57. Most documentation styles include ________ in the citations.

a) the author namebr /> b) the page number or other locator
c) the year of publication
d) All of the above
e) None of the above

Answer


58.APA stands for ________.

a)Associated Physiology Association
b) American Psychic Association
c) Associated Physics Association
d)American Psychological Association

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59. Both APA and MLA styles use ________ references for in-text citations.

a) parenthetical
b) footnotes
c) endnotes
d) None of the above

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60. In MLA, if a direct quotation is longer than four typed sentences, the writer should use ________.

a) Chicago style
b) block format
c) a footnote
d) an endnote
e) None of the above

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61. When presenting an argument, the writer should be sure that the tone does not come across as ________.

a) logical
b) fair
c) opinionated
d) ethical
e) reasonable

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62. A writer can show a lack of objectivity through use of ________.

a) slanted language
b) loaded language
c) logical language
d) formal language
e) Both a and b
f) Both b and c

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63. To help the reader visualize an argument, the writer can use ________.

a) allusion
b) analogy
c) a conclusion
d) a fallacy
e) None of the above

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64. When using personal experience in an argument, it is important to use a ________ tone.

a) objective
b) subjective
c) formal
d) All of the above
e) None of the above

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65. Deductive reasoning uses ________.

a) a major premise
b) a minor premise
c) a fallacy
d) All of the above
e) Both a and b

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66. This and her are ________.

a) interjections
b) determiners
c) verbs
d) None of the above

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67. A subject of complement is the noun or pronoun that completes the subject after a ________.

a) linking verb
b) linking adjective
c) linking noun
d) linking adverb

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68. A personal pronoun refers to ________.

a) people
b) things
c) Both a and b
d) None of the above

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69. A compound sentence is formed by two or more independent clauses joined by a ________.

a)coordination conjunction
b) adverb
c) noun
d) fragment

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70. A run-on sentence is sometimes called a(n) ________.

a) comma splice
b) fragment
c) fused sentence
d) incomplete sentence

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71. Commas can be used to separate ________.

a) items in a series
b) two things only
c) sentences
d) None of the above

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72. A compound consists of ________.

a) three words
b) two words
c) one word
d) None of the above

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73. With coordinate adjectives, commas are ________.

a) required
b) not required
c) left to the writer's discretion
d) None of the above

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74. Semicolons can be used to join ________.

a) independent clauses
b) fragments
c) Both of the above
d) None of the above

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75. Apostrophes indicate the ________ case.

a) interrogative
b) plural
c) possessive
d) All of the above

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76. Usually, the subject of a sentence performs the action of the ________.

a) adverb
b) verb
c) phrase
d) None of the above

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77. Collective nouns refer to ________.

a) groups
b) an animal
c) an idea
d) None of the above

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78. ________ refer to nonspecific objects or individuals

a) Indefinite pronouns
b) Collective nouns
c) Compound subjects
d) None of the above

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79. If a pronoun lacks an apparent noun antecedent, the result is ________.

a) unclear reference
b) antecedent agreement
c) no reference
d) None of the above

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80. ________ refer to persons.

a) Pronouns
b) Adjectives
c) verbs
d) Dashes

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81. Concise writing is ________.

a) direct
b) precise
c) specific
d) All of the above

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82. To express the importance of concise writing, editors suggest the formula: one + one = ________.

a) two
b) three
c) one-half
d) one-quartere)
e) None of the above

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83. If a prepositional phrase is redundant it is called ________.

a) phony phrase
b) a dependent phrase
c) an empty phrase
d) None of the above

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84. ________ are indirect.

a) Active constructions
b) Passive constructions
c) Intensives
d) None of the above

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85. Informal writing will often allow use of ________.

a) contractions
b) slang
c) colloquialisms
d) idioms
e) All of the above

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Student Short Answer Questions

1. When scanning for gist, a reader may focus on ________.

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2. The best inference is ________ one.

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3. Outside of research, a credible writer should provide ________ for his or her argument.

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4. Outside of analysis and questioning, a credible writer should provide a ________.

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5. Rather than being explicit, a word definition may be ________.

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6. An audience with some interest in a subject is called a(n) ________ audience

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7. ________ involves writing down points in paragraph form.

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8. A broad category that may contain many points is known as a(n) ________.

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9. A ________ outline is particularly useful in preparing for short or in-class essays

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10. Returning to an outline and assessing structure, unity, and logical sequence all involve ________.

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11. Writing that uses value- or policy-based thesis statements is ________.

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12. Research is most commonly integral to ________ writing.

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13. Discernment and adaptability stress a focus on ________ and ________.

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14. In a critical response, the first sentences should include ________ or ________.

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15. A critical response exercises ________ reading skills.

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16. A paragraph functions to ¬¬¬¬________ an important point and to ________ that point.

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17. ________ connect a paragraph to what comes before and after.

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18. Focusing on one idea in a paragraph works toward paragraph ________.

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19. To obtain rhythm and ovoid unnecessary repetition, a writer may replace repeating words with ________.

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20. In effect, in fact, and certainly are example of transitions of ________.

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21. In an introduction, proceeding from the general to the specific is known as the ________ structure.

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22. Beginning an outline with the strongest point is called ________ order.

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23. A ________ conclusion reminds and reinforces the thesis.

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24. A ________ conclusion leads beyond the thesis.

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25. A conclusion should not restate the ________ word for word.

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26. A topic can lead a writer to a specific ________ of development.

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27. Methods of developing patterns are also known as ________ patterns.

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28. ________ something can allow the writer to tell the reader what they will talk about.

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29. ________ essays are usually fact-based.

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30. Systematically drawing similarities and differences between different objects or concepts defines the ________ method.

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31. A claim that functions as a conclusion is a ________ claim.

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32. A tentative claim is ________.

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33. Especially when doing research, it is important to find ________ evidence.

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34. ________ evidence indirectly supports a writer's points.

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35. Detailed examples that often take the form of brief narratives are called ________.

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36. The ________ essay is often the first essay students learn to write.

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37. Process analysis, definition, and compare and contrast essays often do not require ________.

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38. Process analysis essays often serve to stimulate ________.

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39. Definition often allows for a ________ for an argument.

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40. Block and point-by-point methods of organization should be applied to a(n) ________ essay.

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41. Summarizing from a ________ source requires the writer to borrow important parts of someone else's writing.

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42. To clarify whether a writer is explaining or arguing, a writer may use a ________ phrase.

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43. An abstract should be written ________ a writer has finished the essay.

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44. Entries in an annotated bibliography should be ________.

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45. An annotated bibliography may include a(n) ________ of a study's usefulness to a project.

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46. At the college or university level, exposition usually involves ________.

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47. In the early draft stage, the writer should be concerned with ________ sources into the essay.

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48. Conducting research most often requires focus on factual ________.

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49. In the case of articles, when scanning for useful sources a writer may save time by reading the ________.

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50. To ensure that an article is credible, the writer should check if the journal is ________.

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51. A writer may receive a zero on an assignment, for the class, or be expelled from a college or university for ________.

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52. A writer does not need to cite ________ knowledge.

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53. A writer can use a mixture of paraphrase and direct quotation in what is called ________ format.

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54. When a source's exact wording is important to an argument, the writer should use a ________ quotation.

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55. When using ellipses, the writer should type ________ spaced dots to indicate the omission.

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56. Most documentation styles require an abbreviated ________ to follow a reference.

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57. APA places a(n) ________ between the author and date.

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58. ________ marks are not used in a bock quotation.

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59. MLA uses a ________ Cited page.

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60. MLA allows informational footnotes at the ________ of each page.

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61. Treadmill logic is a logical ________.

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62. A fallacy of irrelevance that attempts to mislead or distract a reader is called a ________.

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63. A fallacy that compares two things that are not alike is called a ________.

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64. Slanted or loaded language causes a writer to show a lack of ________.

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65. A specific claim states clearly and directly what a writer will be ________.

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66. Prepositions are also known as ________.

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67. Correlative conjunctions require parallel ________.

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68. A main pronoun or noun on its own is often called the ________ subject.

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69. A command sentence known as a(n) ________ sentence may consist of only a predicate.

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70. The joining of two complete sentences by a comma results in a comma ________.

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71. The use of commas to separate items in a series applies to ¬________ or more parallel items.

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72. A comma can be used to separate coordinate ________.

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73. A serial semicolon may be used to separate items in a ________.

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74. Dashes convey a ________ in thought and should be used sparingly.

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75. Commas should not be used to separate ________ compounds.

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76. ________ pronouns always ask questions.

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77. Pronouns must agree in gender, number, and ________ with its antecedent.

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78. The technical term for word order is ________.

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79. Dangling modifiers modify the closest ________.

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80. Compounds require the principle of ________ structure.

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81. Formal writing should be concise, and therefore should avoid ________.

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82. Passive constructions displace the ________.

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83. To pass away or to pass on are ________ for death.

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84. The verb to be often appears as a ________ verb.

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85. A ________ sentence begins with a modifier, which appears before the independent clause.

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