Higher Education

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Quiz for Chapter Thirteen

Student Self-Grading Multiple Choice

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1. In the majority of argumentative essays, the principal appeal should be to the reader’s ________.

a) logic
b) reason
c) opinion
d) experience
e) a and b only
f) a and c only

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2. In an argument, ethical appeals help establish the writer’s ________.

a) ethics
b) morality
c) credibility
d) experience
e) insight

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3. A writer should ensure that an argument does not come across as ________.

a) opinionated
b) ethical
c) concise
d) All of the above

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4. Bandwagon is an example of ________.

a) an emotional fallacy
b) a cause-effect fallacy
c) a fallacy of irrelevance
d) None of the above

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5. A red herring is ________.

a) an emotional fallacy
b) a cause-effect fallacy
c) a fallacy of irrelevance
d) None of the above

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6. False cause is ________.

a) an emotional fallacy
b) a cause-effect fallacy
c) a fallacy of irrelevance
d) None of the above

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7. Slanted or loaded language can show a writer’s ________.

a) objectivity
b) subjectivity
c) lack of objectivity
d) lack of subjectivity

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8. A specific claim should be worded ________.

a) precisely
b) ethically
c) morally
d) None of the above

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9. The following uses both a major and a minor premise ________.

a) inductive reasoning
b) deductive reasoning
c) Both a and b
d) None of the above

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10. When creating an outline for an argumentative essay, the writer should ensure that the points are ordered ________.

a) alphabetically
b) numerically
c) logically
d) All of the above
e) None of the above

Answer


Short Answer Questions

11. To establish a strong argument and credibility, a writer should always avoid logical _______________.

Answer


12. Emotional fallacies are not valid _______________ to emotion.

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13. A red herring attempts to _______________ the reader.

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14. Loaded language reveals the writer’s lack of _______________.

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15. A writer may use ________ to help a reader understand his or her argument.

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16. Reason-based arguments should not depend solely on _______________.

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17. _______________ reasoning uses a major and a minor premise.

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18. When rebutting an argument, it is important to anticipate the opponents’ _______________.

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19. Ordering points from least to most important is called _______________ order.

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20. Ordering points from most to least important is called _______________ climax order.

Answer