Study Questions: Chapter 1
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Good writing, no matter what the situation, involves organizing your thoughts logically, choosing your words carefully, and ________.
a) using elevated diction
b) crafting documents that rely upon jargon
c) crafting documents that make sense to the reader
d) crafting documents according to five-paragraph essay rules
C (p. 3)
2. Some studies have shown that good ________ tend to be good writers.
C (p. 4)
3. Reading is a complex process. Three-way reading or 3-D reading requires the reader to respond ________ to the text.
d) Both A and B
D (p. 5)
4. The first step in the traditional linear model of essay writing is typically ________.
d) developing a thesis statement
B (p. 7)
5. The traditional linear model involves ________.
d) all of the above
D (pp. 6–7)
6. The ________ of an essay is the broadest category.
b) thesis statement
d) Both A and C
A (p. 7)
7. In critical thinking, you use two-way reading to determine the validity of an author's statements, to test them by considering the logic and consistency behind them, and to decide whether ________.
a) the evidence supports the author's claims
b) the argument is timely
c) the claims are interesting
d) you agree with the claims
A (p. 5)
8. All of the following, except for ________, are all part of the three-step approach to 3-D reading.
a) focus on understanding
b) using critical thinking to test the validity of the statements
c) analyzing and evaluating the work
d) relating the text to one’s experiences
D (pp. 5–6)
9. When a reader comes across an unknown word, it is best to ________.
a) skip ahead and continue reading
b) refer to a dictionary
c) determine its meaning through context
d) guess the meaning
C (p. 26)
10. ________ can be defined as “a series of logical mental processes that lead to a conclusion.”
a) Critical thinking
b) Three-dimensional reading
c) Inferential reading
d) Linear model writing
A (p. 13)
Short Answer Questions
1. To make the best possible ________ in critical thinking, the reader can assess the writer’s credibility, method, and basis of the statement.
inference (p. 14)
2. ________ reading can involve both a two-way and a three-dimensional process.
Active (p. 18)
3. Unlike fiction, the ________ of a non-fiction work can convey a lot of useful information about content, organization, and tone.
title (p. 19)
4. Specialized diction used by a particular discipline or group is called ________.
jargon (p. 21)
5. Critical thinking is a process of ________ with a text.
engagement (p. 13)
6. Writing and ________ are inherently connected.
thinking (p. 3)
7. When a reader makes a(n) ________, he or she makes a conclusion based on evidence.
inference (p. 5)
8. A ________ is a word that means the same things as another word.
synonym (p. 26)
9. A thesis statement states the ________ of an essay and makes a ________ on it.
topic; comment (p. 10)
10. Reading for gist involves ________ for the main points of an essay.
scanning (p. 10)