Higher Education

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Study Questions: Chapter 1

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Multiple Choice Questions

1. Good writing, no matter what the situation, involves organizing your thoughts logically, choosing your words carefully, and ________.
a) using elevated diction
b) crafting documents that rely upon jargon
c) crafting documents that make sense to the reader
d) crafting documents according to five-paragraph essay rules

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2. Some studies have shown that good ________ tend to be good writers.
a) athletes
b) Samaritans
c) readers
d) musicians

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3. Reading is a complex process. Three-way reading or 3-D reading requires the reader to respond ________ to the text.
a) consciously
b) analytically
c) passively
d) Both A and B

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4. The first step in the traditional linear model of essay writing is typically ________.
a) organization
b) pre-writing
c) research
d) developing a thesis statement

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5. The traditional linear model involves ________.
a) pre-writing
b) revising
c) organizing
d) all of the above

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6. The ________ of an essay is the broadest category.
a) subject
b) thesis statement
c) topic
d) Both A and C

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7. In critical thinking, you use two-way reading to determine the validity of an author's statements, to test them by considering the logic and consistency behind them, and to decide whether ________.
a) the evidence supports the author's claims
b) the argument is timely
c) the claims are interesting
d) you agree with the claims

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8. All of the following, except for ________, are all part of the three-step approach to 3-D reading.
a) focus on understanding
b) using critical thinking to test the validity of the statements
c) analyzing and evaluating the work
d) relating the text to one’s experiences

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9. When a reader comes across an unknown word, it is best to ________.
a) skip ahead and continue reading
b) refer to a dictionary
c) determine its meaning through context
d) guess the meaning

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10. ________ can be defined as “a series of logical mental processes that lead to a conclusion.”
a) Critical thinking
b) Three-dimensional reading
c) Inferential reading
d) Linear model writing

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Short Answer Questions

1. To make the best possible ________ in critical thinking, the reader can assess the writer’s credibility, method, and basis of the statement.

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2. ________ reading can involve both a two-way and a three-dimensional process.

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3. Unlike fiction, the ________ of a non-fiction work can convey a lot of useful information about content, organization, and tone.

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4. Specialized diction used by a particular discipline or group is called ________.

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5. Critical thinking is a process of ________ with a text.

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6. Writing and ________ are inherently connected.

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7. When a reader makes a(n) ________, he or she makes a conclusion based on evidence.

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8. A ________ is a word that means the same things as another word.

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9. A thesis statement states the ________ of an essay and makes a ________ on it.

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10. Reading for gist involves ________ for the main points of an essay.

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