Higher Education

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Study Questions: Chapter 2

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Multiple Choice Questions

1. The final stage of the revision process should always be ________.
a) solidifying structure
b) fine tuning
c) strengthening ideas
d) clarifying meaning

Answer


2. When creating an outline, a writer should ensure that he or she has ________ main point(s) per paragraph.
a) one
b) two
c) three
d) four

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3. Who?, what?, why?, when?, where?, and how? are all questions that can be answered through ________.
a) fine tuning
b) freewriting
c) looping
d) brainstorming

Answer


4. A writer can characterize an audience according to ________.
a) knowledge
b) interest level
c) orientation
d) all of the above

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5. ________ prose makes clear communication a priority and acknowledges the active role of the reader in the communication process.
a) Reader-based
b) Writer-based
c) Audience-based
d) All of the above

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6. An essay that begins with the weakest point and proceeds to the strongest point is known as the ________ order.
a) dramatic
b) logical
c) inverted
d) climax

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7. Pre-writing helps a writer determine the essay’s thesis and ________.
a) tone
b) diction
c) main points
d) abstract

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8. Writers may find it beneficial to follow freewriting with a ________ exercise.
a) looping
b) research
c) brainstorming
d) All of the above

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9. ________ is a kind of graphic technique that allows a writer to develop main points and essay structure through connecting words and ideas.
a) Graphing
b) Clustering
c) Laddering
d) Pro/con listing

Answer


10. A scratch outline includes only the ________ of an essay.
a) research
b) textual evidence
c) thesis
d) main points

Answer



Short Answer Questions

1. ________-based prose is geared towards the audience the essay was designed for.

Answer


2. When creating an outline, a writer should aim to have a total minimum of ________ paragraphs.

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3. A private diary is an example of ________ prose.

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4. A(n) ________ -order outline begins with a moderately strong point, moves to the weakest, and finishes with the strongest.

Answer


5. A(n) ________ -order outline begins with the strongest point and ends with the weakest.

Answer


6. Ordinary written language without rhythms or patterns is called ________.

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7. ________ refers to the ethical or emotional positions or attitudes that define a typical reader.

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8. After assessing audience and purpose, a writer must ________ his or her essay topic.

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9. ________ can free a writer from writer’s block.

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10. The acronym ________ can help recall the parts of the revision process.

Answer