Study Questions: Chapter 2
Multiple Choice Questions
1. The final stage of the revision process should always be ________.
a) solidifying structure
b) fine tuning
c) strengthening ideas
d) clarifying meaning
B (p. 56)
2. When creating an outline, a writer should ensure that he or she has ________ main point(s) per paragraph.
A (p. 53)
3. Who?, what?, why?, when?, where?, and how? are all questions that can be answered through ________.
a) fine tuning
D (p. 55)
4. A writer can characterize an audience according to ________.
b) interest level
d) all of the above
D (p. 41)
5. ________ prose makes clear communication a priority and acknowledges the active role of the reader in the communication process.
d) All of the above
A (p. 39)
6. An essay that begins with the weakest point and proceeds to the strongest point is known as the ________ order.
D (p. 53)
7. Pre-writing helps a writer determine the essay’s thesis and ________.
c) main points
C (p. 48)
8. Writers may find it beneficial to follow freewriting with a ________ exercise.
d) All of the above
A (p. 49)
9. ________ is a kind of graphic technique that allows a writer to develop main points and essay structure through connecting words and ideas.
d) Pro/con listing
B (p. 50)
10. A scratch outline includes only the ________ of an essay.
b) textual evidence
d) main points
D (p. 51)
Short Answer Questions
1. ________-based prose is geared towards the audience the essay was designed for.
2. When creating an outline, a writer should aim to have a total minimum of ________ paragraphs.
five (p. 53)
3. A private diary is an example of ________ prose.
writer-based (p. 40)
4. A(n) ________ -order outline begins with a moderately strong point, moves to the weakest, and finishes with the strongest.
mixed (p. 53)
5. A(n) ________ -order outline begins with the strongest point and ends with the weakest.
inverted (p. 53)
6. Ordinary written language without rhythms or patterns is called ________.
prose (p. 39)
7. ________ refers to the ethical or emotional positions or attitudes that define a typical reader.
Orientation (p. 41)
8. After assessing audience and purpose, a writer must ________ his or her essay topic.
narrow (p. 47)
9. ________ can free a writer from writer’s block.
Freewriting (p. 49)
10. The acronym ________ can help recall the parts of the revision process.
FOCUS (p. 56)