Higher Education

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Study Questions: Chapter 9

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Multiple Choice Questions

1. The principal appeal in most argumentative essays should be to the reader’s ________.
a) logic and reason
b) reason and interest
c) opinion and emotions
d) experience and orientation

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2. In an argument, ethical fallacies harm the writer’s ________.
a) insight
b) morality
c) credibility
d) experience

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3. A writer should ensure that an argument does not come across as ________.
a) point-by-point method
b) comparison and contrast essay
c) process-analysis essay
d) block method

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4. The manageability of a claim is partly determined by ________.
a) whether it is interesting and specific
b) the essay’s length
c) the complexity of the topic
d) All of the above

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5. A red herring is a(n) ________ fallacy.
a) emotional
b) cause-effect
c) irrelevant
d) logical

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6. False cause is a(n) ________ fallacy.
a) evidence
b) logical
c) irrelevant
d) emotional

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7. Slanted or loaded language can exhibit a writer’s ________.
a) extensive terminology
b) fairness
c) lack of objectivity
d) All of the above

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8. The major premise of the deductive reasoning method refers to ________.
a) a general statement of a principle
b) a specific statement about the topic
c) a statement that relates all the major points
d) an introductory statement on the topic

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9. Using both a general statement and a specific statement to arrive at a conclusion is the process of ________.
a) analogy
b) deductive reasoning
c) inductive reasoning
d) purpose-based rebuttal

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10. When creating an outline for an argumentative essay, the writer should ensure that the points are ordered ________.
a) alphabetically
b) numerically
c) logically
d) All of the above

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Short Answer Questions

1. To establish strong arguments and credibility, a writer should always avoid ________.

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2. Emotional fallacies are not valid ________ to emotion.

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3. A red herring fallacy attempts to ________ the reader.

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4. Loaded language reveals a writer’s lack of ________.

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5. Raising and arguing against the opposing points in an essay is referred to as a(n) ________.

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6. Unlike classroom presentations, many workplace presentations need to allow time for ________.

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7. The first and most important thing to consider when preparing an oral presentation is ________.

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8. When rebutting an argument, a writer can show reasonableness through the use of ________.

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9. Organizing points in an essay from least important to most important is called the ________.

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10. Inductive reasoning is also called ________.

Answer