Introduction to Politics, 1Ce – Chapter 10

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the 'Submit my answers' button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:

a) a bureaucratic model which has been followed by other states.
b) a system in which civil service applicants are selected on the basis of competitive examinations rather than patronage.
c) a division between civil servants who perform routine administrative tasks and those who are responsible for policy formation.
d) all of the above.

Question 2:

a) in the UK, individuals cannot occupy senior positions in the civil service without years of specialized training.
b) the US allows elected leaders at various levels of government to make numerous key civil service appointments.
c) the US bureaucracy is much more hostile to big business.
d) the most senior members of the British civil service have to wear bowler hats at all times.

Question 3:

a) Civil servants are totally isolated from the rest of society.
b) Civil servants spend a lot of time in bed.
c) Civil servants are insulated to an extent from pressures from the rest of society but are not completely isolated.
d) Economic activity should not be autonomous, and not subject to bureaucratic interference.

Question 4:

a) argues that the ethos of the public sector should not be confused with that of private enterprise.
b) assumes that people who work in the public sector are driven by the same motives as those who work in the private sector.
c) argues that the state should take a more active part in regulating the economy.
d) assumes that all public servants lack the dynamism necessary to secure jobs in the private sector.

Question 5:

a) It might conflict with previous attempts to inculcate the values of impartial public service in those countries.
b) It makes too many concessions to existing practices in those countries.
c) It implies an over-optimistic view of human nature.
d) It might deter potential investors from doing business with those countries.

Question 6:

a) the greater centralization of power over government agencies.
b) sharply reducing the reliance of government agencies on “targets.”
c) an explicit attempt to make bureaucratic structures more complex.
d) the splitting of government departments and dividing functions to create new agencies.

Question 7:

a) a closer association between the state and corporations.
b) reduced reliance on state bureaucracies.
c) civil societies and communities that are represented in the policy-making process.
d) the exclusion of the private sector from any role in the economy.

Question 8:

a) that government is no longer as effective as it used to be.
b) that government can no longer be understood simply in terms of official state institutions.
c) that government is now just a branch of big business.
d) that the West is right to impose its values on the developing world.

Question 9:

a) the top decision makers in government.
b) bureaucrats who live and work in a specific geographical location (e.g. London’s Whitehall).
c) officials, ministers and interest groups with concerns in the same policy areas.
d) politicians and officials who share the same ideology.

Question 10:

a) tightly-knit groups of officials who devise policies without consulting other groups.
b) groups of politicians and officials which work to exclude business interests from policy-making.
c) closely guarded areas in countries of strategic importance.
d) similar to policy communities, but with an enhanced role for politicians (e.g. members of the US Congress).