Canadian Democracy, A Concise Introduction - Chapter 4

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the “Submit my answers” button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) Regionalism is a central part of the Canadian story and continues to be characteristic of Canada’s political scene today.
b) Regionalism is a source of political controversy and division.
c) Regionalism in Canada produces conflicts because of the country’s vastness and diversity in natural resources of its regions.
d) All of the above
e) None of the above

Question 2:


a) Western domination, the party system, intergovernmental conflict, and regional economic disparity
b) Regional economic disparity, the party system, Western alienation, and intergovernmental conflict
c) Western alienation, intergovernmental conflict, and regional economic equality, and the party system
d) The party system, intergovernmental conflict, and regional economic equality, and Western domination
e) None of the above

Question 3:


a) Since the general election in 1993, Canada’s party system has been more nationally than regionally based.
b) The Conservative Party has done better than the Liberals in Western Canada for the latter half of the twentieth century.
c) The Liberal and Conservative parties have historically been the two dominant parties in the political scene.
d) The Liberal Party has been stronger in Quebec than the Conservatives for most of the 20th century.
e) The Liberal and Conservative parties were both clearly very national political parties.

Question 4:


a) The federal government has been unable to subsidize incomes and public services in poorer regions.
b) Federal government transfers are insufficient.
c) Wealthier regions are now less willing to maintain regional redistributive transfers.
d) Both A and C
e) All of the above

Question 5:


a) Social and economic disparities between regions
b) A lack of sufficient national integration and identity
c) Underestimation of the aspirations of regional elites
d) All of the above
e) None of the above

Question 6:


a) Inter-state federalism
b) Regionalism
c) Province-building
d) Nationalism
e) Intra-state federalism

Question 7:


a) Ontario, the Atlantic provinces, Quebec, the West, and the Canadian North
b) The East, Quebec, the Atlantic provinces, the Canadian North, the West
c) The West, Ontario, the North West Territories, the Atlantic provinces, and Quebec
d) Central Canada, British Columbia, the Canadian North, the Atlantic provinces, and Quebec
e) Ontario, the Atlantic provinces, Quebec, the Prairies, and the Canadian North

Question 8:


a) The terms of entry into Confederation imposed on the Prairie Provinces in 1905, the unequal distribution of the costs and benefits from high tariffs imposed on manufactured imports, and the National Energy Policy of 1981
b) The National Energy Policy of 1981, the terms of entry into Confederation imposed on Alberta and Saskatchewan in 1905, and the unequal distribution of the costs and benefits from high tariffs imposed on manufactured imports
c) The unequal distribution of the costs and benefits from high tariffs imposed on manufactured imports, the terms of entry into Confederation imposed on Alberta and Saskatchewan in 1905, and the National Energy Policy of 1984
d) The National Energy Policy of 1981, the terms of entry into Confederation imposed on Alberta and Saskatchewan in 1905, and the equal distribution of the costs and benefits from high tariffs imposed on manufactured imports
e) None of the above

Question 9:


a) The West’s dependence on natural resources and grain production
b) British Columbia’s reliance on fisheries
c) Ontario and Quebec’s large manufacturing bases
d) Both A and C
e) All of the above

Question 10:


a) High tariffs were imposed on manufactured imports.
b) Low tariffs were imposed on manufactured imports.
c) The costs of tariffs on manufactured imports were distributed equally between the provinces.
d) The benefits of tariffs on manufactured imports were distributed equally between the provinces.
e) Both A and D

Question 11:


a) Alberta and Saskatchewan entered into Confederation in 1908.
b) The terms of entry into Confederation were imposed so that a larger domestic market could be built for the manufacturers of Ontario and Quebec.
c) Alberta and Saskatchewan did not have control over the natural sources within their provincial boundaries.
d) The terms of entry into Confederation allowed Ottawa to retain control over the economic development of Alberta and Saskatchewan.
e) None of the above

Question 12:


a) It involved a large transfer of wealth from Ontario to the rest of the country.
b) It was established in 1981 and abolished in 1984 by the Liberal government of Brian Mulroney.
c) It was seen by Alberta as a subsidy they had to pay to central Canada.
d) It placed a limit on the price of Canadian oil and gas that was higher than the world price.
e) It was no longer a point of conflict after it was abolished in 1981.

Question 13:


a) It is a more collectivist society compared to other regions in Canada.
b) It is more likely than other regions in Canada to protect individual rights.
c) It is a greater supporter of civil liberties than other regions in Canada.
d) Both A and B
e) All of the above

Question 14:


a) Social programs, redistributive policies, labour unions, large corporations, and domestic investment
b) Social programs, foreign investment, redistributive policies, labour unions, and large corporations
c) Labour unions, social programs, small corporations, foreign investment, and redistributive policies
d) Social programs, redistributive policies, labour unions, small corporations, and domestic investment
e) None of the above

Question 15:


a) Their provincial governments
b) Ottawa
c) Policies of wealth redistribution between regions
d) Both A and C
e) All of the above

Question 16:


a) Atlantic Canada does not believe that Ottawa gives them value for their tax money.
b) Alberta has great confidence and trust in the federal government.
c) Alberta is less supportive of the equalization policy.
d) All of the above
e) None of the above

Question 17:


a) They give rise to physical infrastructure.
b) They have major ties involving trade and investment.
c) They provide institutions and processes that coordinate, promote, plan, and resolve conflicts that arise from the economic linkages between members in the cross-border region.
d) Both A and B
e) All of the above

Question 18:


a) It is characterized by a strong sense of regional identity.
b) It contains a network of both public and private cross-border institutions.
c) It is only comprised of British Columbia, Alberta, and the Yukon.
d) It is characterized by a feeling of remoteness from the central governments.
e) It has linkages based on the shared management of common watersheds.

Question 19:


a) The Atlantic region/New England and the West
b) The Great Lakes–Heartland and Quebec/New England
c) Quebec/New England and the Prairie–Great Plains
d) The West and the Great Lakes–Heartland
e) The East and the Great Lakes–Heartland

Question 20:


a) Alberta and Manitoba fall into two different cross-border regions.
b) Members of the Prairie–Great Plains CBR share management of common watersheds.
c) Members of the Great Lakes–Heartland CBR share management of common watersheds.
d) The Atlantic/New England grouping of the East CBR is based on history, trade, transportation and institutions.
e) Both A and C

Question 21:


a) Shared management of a common watershed, a large volume of trade, and a daily flow of vehicles and people across the Canada–US border
b) A strong sense of shared regional identity
c) Shared waters of the Great Lakes
d) History, trade, environmental, and energy co-operation
e) Remoteness from the central government

Question 22:


a) It is the awareness that the public realm belongs to others.
b) It is a psychological, sociological, and economic condition experienced by those in the West.
c) It involves citizens of Central Canada speaking on behalf of those in the West.
d) Both A and C
e) All of the above

Question 23:


a) The favouritism of richer provinces, the individual equality of all Canadians, and a populist style of politics
b) The equal status of all provinces, the individual equality of all Albertans, and a populist style of politics
c) The equal status of all provinces, the individual equality of all Canadians, and a post-modernist style of politics
d) The equal status of all provinces, the individual equality of all Canadians, and a populist style of politics
e) None of the above

Question 24:


a) It is hostile to party discipline.
b) It favours referendums and plebiscites.
c) It seeks to return power to the common people.
d) It favours recall votes.
e) All of the above

Question 25:


a) Demographic differences
b) A different political history
c) Dependence on money redistribution from richer regions of the country
d) Economic differences
e) All of the above contribute to weaker populist values.

Question 26:


a) True
b) False

Question 27:


a) True
b) False

Question 28:


a) True
b) False

Question 29:


a) True
b) False

Question 30:


a) True
b) False

Question 31:


a) True
b) False

Question 32:


a) True
b) False

Question 33:


a) True
b) False

Question 34:


a) True
b) False

Question 35:


a) True
b) False

Question 36:


a) True
b) False

Question 37:


a) True
b) False

Question 38:


a) True
b) False

Question 39:


a) True
b) False

Question 40:


a) True
b) False