Canadian Democracy, A Concise Introduction - Chapter 6

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the “Submit my answers” button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) Democratic rights
b) Equality rights
c) Legal rights
d) Economic freedoms
e) Fundamental freedoms

Question 2:


a) The right to vote and stand for public office
b) The right to fair and equal treatment under the law
c) Freedom of association and assembly
d) The right to own property
e) The right to education

Question 3:


a) The right to vote and stand for public office
b) The right to fair and equal treatment under the law
c) Freedom of association and assembly
d) The right to own property
e) The right to education

Question 4:


a) The right to vote and stand for public office
b) The right to fair and equal treatment under the law
c) Freedom of association and assembly
d) The right to own property
e) The right to education

Question 5:


a) The right to vote and stand for public office
b) The right to fair and equal treatment under the law
c) Freedom of association and assembly
d) The right to own property
e) The right to education

Question 6:


a) Economic interests attempt to fit their claims under the categories of the charter.
b) Leftist-oriented groups attempt to fit their claims under the categories of the charter.
c) Political parties attempt to fit their claims under the categories of the charter.
d) Personal attack advertising is legalized.
e) Politicians are able to do whatever they want.

Question 7:


a) Similar rights existing in similar countries
b) The position of the governing political party
c) Society’s fundamental values
d) The personal beliefs of judges
e) Absolute notions about right and wrong.

Question 8:


a) An increase in recourse to the courts to solve political disputes and a more prominent role for unelected judges
b) A decrease in recourse to the courts to solve political disputes and a less prominent policy role for unelected judges
c) An increase in recourse to the courts to solve political disputes and a less prominent role for unelected judges
d) A decrease in recourse to the courts to solve political disputes and a more prominent policy role for unelected judges
e) None of the above

Question 9:


a) Federalism and the disinterest of the major political parties
b) A lack of rights-oriented interest groups and the disinterest of the major political parties
c) Federalism and public opinion
d) The disinterest of the major political parties and public opinion
e) None of the above

Question 10:


a) It did not become operative until three years after the Charter was proclaimed.
b) It does not extend to the private sector.
c) It only covers matters within the federal government’s jurisdiction.
d) It does not extend to the public sector.
e) All of the above are valid.

Question 11:


a) Democratic and legal
b) Economic and concerning fundamental freedoms
c) Religious and democratic
d) Legal and economic
e) Religious and language-based

Question 12:


a) Pierre Trudeau
b) Brian Mulroney
c) John A. Macdonald
d) Wilfred Laurier
e) John Diefenbaker

Question 13:


a) It is a statute passed by Parliament.
b) Its rights are not entrenched in the Constitution.
c) Its provisions apply only to the federal government.
d) Its provisions apply only to the provincial governments.
e) All of the above are valid.

Question 14:


a) The courts are more willing to challenge the substance of statutes, and rights issues are now decided as federalism cases.
b) The courts are more willing to challenge the substance of statutes, and rights issues are now decided based on the Charter.
c) The courts are less willing to challenge the substance of statutes, and rights issues are now decided as federalism cases.
d) The courts are less willing to challenge the substance of statutes, and rights issues are now decided based on the Charter.
e) None of the above

Question 15:


a) Governments should exercise restraint in the naming of judges.
b) Judges should refrain from commenting during court proceedings in order to demonstrate impartiality.
c) Lawyers should temper their aspirations to become judges.
d) Judges should refrain from becoming involved in political parties and interest groups.
e) Judges should defer to the legislature when exercising their judicial power.

Question 16:


a) It must be demonstrated by the government how the right will be restored once the sanction is satisfied.
b) It must be rationally connected to the government’s objective.
c) The harm done to rights by a limitation must not exceed the good that it accomplished.
d) It should impair the right as little as is necessary to meet the government’s objective.
e) None of the above

Question 17:


a) It prevents the federal government or the provinces from overriding section 2 or sections 7–15 of the Charter.
b) It allows the federal government or the provinces to override section 2 or sections 7–15 of the Charter.
c) It prevents the federal government or the provinces from overriding all of the sections of the Charter.
d) It allows the federal government or the provinces to override all of the sections of the Charter.
e) It allows the federal government to veto the decisions of a provincial legislature.

Question 18:


a) The Quebec government’s modifications to its language bill and the Newfoundland government’s legislation that limited the type of boats fisherman could use
b) The Quebec government’s modifications to its language bill and the Saskatchewan government’s legislation that forced striking public servants back to work
c) The Newfoundland government’s legislation that limited the type of boats fishermen could use and the Ontario government’s legislation that disallowed the wearing of traditional headdress by its provincial police officers
d) The Saskatchewan government’s legislation that forced striking public servants back to work and the Ontario government’s legislation that disallowed the wearing of traditional headdress by its provincial police officers
e) The Quebec government’s modifications to its language bill and the Ontario government’s legislation that disallowed the wearing of traditional headdress by its provincial police officers

Question 19:


a) The courts were unwilling to treat equality rights as superior to other Charter rights.
b) Much fewer equality rights issues have arisen as compared to other rights in the Charter.
c) Lawmakers have made very effective laws in the area of equality rights.
d) The Charter does not extend to discrimination in private sector relationships.
e) Both A and D

Question 20:


a) The courts are responsible for ensuring that laws passed by legislatures comply with the Charter.
b) The government is responsible for ensuring that the laws it implements comply with the Charter.
c) The defendant is innocent until proven guilty.
d) The defendant must prove his/her innocence.
e) The defendant is not entitled to appear in court.

Question 21:


a) Democratic rights
b) Legal rights
c) Equality rights
d) Individual rights
e) Education rights

Question 22:


a) Discrimination
b) Hate speech
c) The impugning of someone’s character in a manner that results in real damage being done to that person’s reputation
d) Political personal attack ads
e) Bias

Question 23:


a) Visible minorities
b) Women
c) The physically disabled
d) Religious minorities
e) All of the above are “equality seeking groups.”

Question 24:


a) The probability that actual harm may result
b) The content of speech
c) The actions that accompany the speech in question
d) The circumstances surrounding the speech in question
e) The intent of the speech in question.

Question 25:


a) Identical treatment
b) Fair treatment
c) Complete equality
d) Substantive equality
e) None of the above

Question 26:


a) True
b) False

Question 27:


a) True
b) False

Question 28:


a) True
b) False

Question 29:


a) True
b) False

Question 30:


a) True
b) False

Question 31:


a) True
b) False

Question 32:


a) True
b) False

Question 33:


a) True
b) False

Question 34:


a) True
b) False

Question 35:


a) True
b) False

Question 36:


a) True
b) False

Question 37:


a) True
b) False

Question 38:


a) True
b) False

Question 39:


a) True
b) False

Question 40:


a) True
b) False