Canadian Democracy, Eighth Edition: Chapter 5

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the “Submit my answers” button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) regionalism is a central part of the Canadian story and continues to be characteristic of Canada’s political scene today
b) regionalism is a source of political controversy and division
c) regionalism in Canada produces conflicts because of the country’s vastness and diversity in the regions’ natural resources
d) all of the above are false
e) none of the above is false

Question 2:


a) Western domination, the party system, intergovernmental conflict, and regional economic disparity
b) regional economic disparity, the party system, Western alienation, and intergovernmental conflict
c) Western alienation, intergovernmental conflict, and regional economic equality, and the party system
d) the party system, intergovernmental conflict, and regional economic equality, and Western domination
e) none of the above

Question 3:


a) since the general election in 1993, Canada’s party system has been more nationally than regionally based
b) the Conservative Party has done better than the Liberals in Western Canada for the latter half of the twentieth century
c) the Liberal and Conservative parties have historically been the two dominant parties in the political scene
d) the Liberal Party has been stronger in Quebec than the Conservatives for most of the twentieth century
e) the Liberal and Conservative parties were both clearly very national political parties

Question 4:


a) the federal government has been unable to subsidize incomes and public services in poorer regions
b) federal government transfers are insufficient
c) wealthier regions are now less willing to maintain regional redistributive transfers
d) both a and c
e) all of the above

Question 5:


a) social and economic disparities between regions
b) a lack of sufficient national integration and identity
c) underestimation of the aspirations of regional elites
d) all of the above
e) none of the above

Question 6:


a) inter-state federalism
b) regionalism
c) province-building
d) nationalism
e) intra-state federalism

Question 7:


a) Ontario, the Atlantic provinces, Quebec, the West, and the Canadian North
b) the East, Quebec, the Atlantic provinces, the Canadian North, the West
c) the West, Ontario, the North West Territories, the Atlantic provinces, and Quebec
d) Central Canada, British Columbia, the Canadian North, the Atlantic provinces, and Quebec
e) Ontario, the Atlantic provinces, Quebec, the Prairies, and the Canadian North

Question 8:


a) the terms of entry into Confederation imposed on the Prairie provinces in 1905, the unequal distribution of the costs and benefits from high tariffs imposed on manufactured imports, and the National Energy Program of 1980
b) the National Energy Program of 1980, the terms of entry into Confederation imposed on Alberta and Saskatchewan in 1905, and the unequal distribution of the costs and benefits from high tariffs imposed on manufactured imports
c) the unequal distribution of the costs and benefits from high tariffs imposed on manufactured imports, the terms of entry into Confederation imposed on Alberta and Saskatchewan in 1905, and the National Energy Program of 1984
d) the National Energy Program of 1980, the terms of entry into Confederation imposed on Alberta and Saskatchewan in 1905, and the equal distribution of the costs and benefits from high tariffs imposed on manufactured imports
e) none of the above

Question 9:


a) $4,000
b) $5,000
c) $6,000
d) $7,000
e) $8,000

Question 10:


a) high tariffs were imposed on manufactured imports
b) low tariffs were imposed on manufactured imports
c) the costs of tariffs on manufactured imports were distributed equally between the provinces
d) the benefits of tariffs on manufactured imports were distributed equally between the provinces
e) both a and d

Question 11:


a) Alberta and Saskatchewan entered into Confederation in 1805
b) the terms of entry into Confederation were imposed so that a larger domestic market could be built for the manufacturers of Ontario and Quebec
c) Alberta and Saskatchewan did not have control over the natural sources within their provincial boundaries
d) the terms of entry into Confederation allowed Ottawa to retain control over the economic development of Alberta and Saskatchewan
e) none of the above is false

Question 12:


a) involved a large transfer of wealth from Ontario to the rest of the country
b) was established in 1980 and abolished in 1984 by the Liberal government of Brian Mulroney
c) was seen by Albertans as a subsidy their province had to pay to central Canada
d) placed a limit on the price of Canadian oil and gas that was higher than the world price
e) was no longer a point of conflict after it was abolished in 1981

Question 13:


a) a more collectivist society compared to other regions in Canada
b) more likely than other regions in Canada to protect individual rights
c) a greater supporter of civil liberties than other regions in Canada
d) both a and b
e) all of the above

Question 14:


a) social programs, redistributive policies, labour unions, large corporations, and domestic investment
b) social programs, foreign investment, redistributive policies, labour unions, and large corporations
c) labour unions, social programs, small businesses, foreign investment, and redistributive policies
d) social programs, redistributive policies, labour unions, foreign investment, and the Charter values
e) social programs, redistributive policies, labour unions, domestic investment, and the Charter values

Question 15:


a) Ontario
b) Alberta
c) Quebec
d) British Columbia
e) Nova Scotia

Question 16:


a) there is strong evidence that each region has distinct political values
b) Quebecers are the most likely to say that religion is important in their lives
c) regional variations in political culture are not very great in English-speaking Canada
d) the sense of belonging to Canada is low across the predominantly English-speaking provinces
e) the differences in political culture between French-speaking Quebec and the rest of Canada are enormous

Question 17:


a) are a distinct grouping of neighbouring and nearby provinces and states with economic, cultural, and institutional linkages
b) give rise to physical infrastructure
c) have major ties involving trade and investment
d) provide the impetus for cross-border institutions and processes
e) all of the above

Question 18:


a) is characterized by a strong sense of regional identity
b) contains a network of both public and private cross-border institutions
c) comprises British Columbia, Alberta, and the Yukon
d) is characterized by a feeling of remoteness from the central governments
e) has linkages based on the shared management of common watersheds

Question 19:


a) Atlantic–New England and the West
b) Great Lakes–Heartland and the Quebec–New England
c) Quebec–New England and the Prairie–Great Plains
d) West and the Great Lakes–Heartland
e) East and the Great Lakes–Heartland

Question 20:


a) members of the Prairie–Great Plains CBR share management of common watersheds
b) there is no strong sense of shared regional identity in the Great Lakes–Heartland CBR
c) the Quebec–New England CBR is characterized by strong ties of history, trade, transportation, and institutions
d) the West CBR consists of British Columbia, Alberta, Yukon, Alaska, Washington, Idaho, Oregon, and Montana
e) Manitoba is included in two different CBRs

Question 21:


a) shared management of a common watershed, a large volume of trade, and a daily flow of vehicles and people across the Canada–US border
b) a strong sense of shared regional identity
c) shared waters of the Great Lakes and the enormous volume of trade and daily flow of vehicles and people across the Canada–US border
d) history, trade, environmental, and energy co-operation
e) remoteness from the central government

Question 22:


a) is the awareness that the public realm belongs to others
b) is a psychological, sociological, and economic condition experienced by those in the West
c) involves citizens of central Canada speaking on behalf of those in the West
d) both a and c
e) all of the above

Question 23:


a) the favouritism of richer provinces, the individual equality of all Canadians, and a populist style of politics
b) the equal status of all provinces, the individual equality of all Albertans, and a populist style of politics
c) the equal status of all provinces, the individual equality of all Canadians, and a post-modernist style of politics
d) the equal status of all provinces, the individual equality of all Canadians, and a populist style of politics
e) none of the above

Question 24:


a) is hostile to party discipline
b) favours referendums and plebiscites
c) seeks to return power to the common people
d) favours recall votes
e) all of the above

Question 25:


a) Nova Scotia and New Brunswick were original members of the Confederation pact
b) they depend on money redistributed from more prosperous regions of the country
c) the historically dominant political parties have always found it difficult to gain support in the Maritimes
d) both a and b
e) all of the above

Question 26:


a) True
b) False

Question 27:


a) True
b) False

Question 28:


a) True
b) False

Question 29:


a) True
b) False

Question 30:


a) True
b) False

Question 31:


a) True
b) False

Question 32:


a) True
b) False

Question 33:


a) True
b) False

Question 34:


a) True
b) False

Question 35:


a) True
b) False

Question 36:


a) True
b) False

Question 37:


a) True
b) False

Question 38:


a) True
b) False

Question 39:


a) True
b) False

Question 40:


a) True
b) False