Canadian Democracy, Eighth Edition: Chapter 7

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the “Submit my answers” button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) democratic rights
b) equality rights
c) legal rights
d) fundamental freedoms
e) economic freedoms

Question 2:


a) the right to vote and stand for public office
b) the right to fair and equal treatment under the law
c) freedom of association and assembly
d) the right to own property
e) the right to education

Question 3:


a) the right to vote and stand for public office
b) the right to fair and equal treatment under the law
c) freedom of association and assembly
d) the right to own property
e) the right to education

Question 4:


a) the right to vote and stand for public office
b) the right to fair and equal treatment under the law
c) freedom of association and assembly
d) the right to own property
e) the right to education

Question 5:


a) the right to vote and stand for public office
b) the right to fair and equal treatment under the law
c) freedom of association and assembly
d) the right to own property
e) the right to education

Question 6:


a) democratic rights
b) political struggle
c) political parties
d) a constitutional court
e) regular elections

Question 7:


a) similar rights existing in similar countries
b) the position of the governing political party
c) a society’s fundamental values
d) the personal beliefs of judges
e) votes carried out in the House of Commons

Question 8:


a) a more prominent role for unelected judges and an increase in recourse to the courts to solve political disputes
b) a less prominent role for unelected judges and a decrease in recourse to the courts to solve political disputes
c) a less prominent role for unelected judges and an increase in recourse to the courts to solve political disputes
d) a more prominent policy role for unelected judges and a decrease in recourse to the courts to solve political disputes
e) no change in the role of unelected judges but simply increased awareness of the influence of American concerns

Question 9:


a) federalism and the disinterest of the major political parties
b) a lack of rights-oriented interest groups and the disinterest of the major political parties
c) federalism and public opinion
d) the disinterest of the major political parties and public opinion
e) federalism and a lack of rights-oriented interest groups

Question 10:


a) “beyond the authority of the judiciary”
b) “fundamental freedom”
c) “federal jurisdiction”
d) “a religious matter”
e) “beyond the legal authority of the government in question”

Question 11:


a) democratic elections and the legal system
b) economy and fundamental freedoms
c) democratic elections, economy, and language
d) the legal system, religion, and economy
e) democratic elections, religion, and language

Question 12:


a) Pierre Trudeau
b) Brian Mulroney
c) John A. Macdonald
d) Wilfrid Laurier
e) John Diefenbaker

Question 13:


a) one-sixth
b) one-fifth
c) one-quarter
d) one-third
e) one-half

Question 14:


a) the courts are more willing to challenge the substance of laws and regulations, and rights issues are now decided as federalism cases
b) the courts are more willing to challenge the substance of laws and regulations, and rights issues are now decided based on the Charter
c) the courts are less willing to challenge the substance of laws and regulations, and rights issues are now decided as federalism cases
d) the courts are less willing to challenge the substance of laws and regulations, and rights issues are now decided based on the Charter
e) none of the above

Question 15:


a) governments should exercise restraint in the naming of judges
b) judges should refrain from commenting during court proceedings in order to demonstrate impartiality
c) lawyers should temper their aspirations to become judges
d) judges should refrain from becoming involved in political parties and interest groups
e) the courts should exercise restraint in ruling on the unconstitutionality of laws

Question 16:


a) it must be demonstrated by the government how the right will be restored once the sanction is satisfied
b) the limitation must be rationally connected to the government’s objective
c) the harm done to rights by a limitation must not exceed the good that it accomplished
d) it should impair the right in question as little as is necessary to meet the government’s objective
e) all of the above are conditions of the second criterion of the Oakes test

Question 17:


a) prevents the federal government or the provinces from overriding section 2 or sections 7–15 of the Charter
b) allows the federal government or the provinces to override section 2 or sections 7–15 of the Charter
c) prevents the federal government or the provinces from overriding all of the sections of the Charter
d) allows the federal government or the provinces to override all of the sections of the Charter
e) does not impact the Charter

Question 18:


a) the Quebec government’s modifications to its language bill and the Newfoundland government’s legislation that limited the type of boats that could be used for fishing
b) the Quebec government’s modifications to its language bill and the Saskatchewan government’s legislation that forced striking public servants back to work
c) the Newfoundland government’s legislation that limited the type of boats that could be used for fishing and the Ontario government’s legislation that disallowed the wearing of traditional headdress by its provincial police officers
d) the Saskatchewan government’s legislation that forced striking public servants back to work and the Ontario government’s legislation that disallowed the wearing of traditional headdress by its provincial police officers
e) the Newfoundland government’s legislation that limited the type of boats that could be used for fishing and the Ontario government’s legislation that disallowed the wearing of traditional headdress by its provincial police officers

Question 19:


a) the limitation of certain police powers
b) the rights and freedoms of those accused of crimes and of prisoners
c) the rights and freedoms of women seeking abortions
d) the rights and freedoms of gays and lesbians
e) all of the above

Question 20:


a) the courts are responsible for ensuring that laws passed by legislatures comply with the Charter
b) the government is responsible for ensuring that the laws it implements comply with the Charter
c) the defendant is innocent until proven guilty
d) the defendant must prove his or her innocence
e) the Crown bears the burden of proof in criminal cases

Question 21:


a) democratic
b) legal
c) equality
d) individual
e) education

Question 22:


a) the impugning of someone’s character or actions in a manner that results in damage to that person’s earnings
b) hate speech
c) the impugning of someone’s character or actions in a manner that results in real damage to that person’s reputation
d) political personal attack ads
e) the impugning of someone’s character or actions in a manner that results in damage to that person’s self-esteem

Question 23:


a) employers
b) trade unions
c) landlords
d) realtors
e) all of the above

Question 24:


a) identical treatment
b) fair treatment
c) complete equality
d) substantive equality
e) reparative equality

Question 25:


a) the probability that actual harm may result
b) the content of the speech in question
c) the actions that accompany the speech in question
d) the circumstances surrounding the speech in question
e) the reaction of people to the speech in question

Question 26:


a) True
b) False

Question 27:


a) True
b) False

Question 28:


a) True
b) False

Question 29:


a) True
b) False

Question 30:


a) True
b) False

Question 31:


a) True
b) False

Question 32:


a) True
b) False

Question 33:


a) True
b) False

Question 34:


a) True
b) False

Question 35:


a) True
b) False

Question 36:


a) True
b) False

Question 37:


a) True
b) False

Question 38:


a) True
b) False

Question 39:


a) True
b) False

Question 40:


a) True
b) False