Canadian Democracy, Eighth Edition: Chapter 12

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) the different components of a political party
b) groups of citizens whose goals and behaviours are contrary to those of other groups but similar to the interests of the community as a whole
c) different political parties
d) groups of citizens whose goals and behaviours are contrary to those of other groups or to the interests of the community as a whole
e) groups of citizens whose beliefs conform exactly to specific ideological divisions

Question 2:


a) Question Period
b) the House of Commons
c) the Senate
d) elections
e) the Prime Minister

Question 3:


a) environmental
b) labour
c) student's
d) the elderly population’s
e) business

Question 4:


a) the ability of investors to shift their capital between sectors of the economy and from one national economy to another
b) the ability of politicians to rely on support from one segment of a country’s population or another, depending on the circumstances
c) the ability of an interest group to entice its members to shift support from one political party to another in an effort to ensure the implementation of its preferred policies
d) the ability of businesses to hire and fire workers due to a surplus of qualified candidates
e) the ability of banks to physically shift money between branches and other service providers

Question 5:


a) state institutions usually involved in making policy in some field
b) the government departments and agencies involved in implementing policy
c) the politicians of all partisan stripes involved in deliberations and decision-making with respect to a certain policy area
d) a limited set of state and societal actors who participate in policy-making
e) all people who are interested in commenting on policy, including private citizens and scholars in the field, along with politicians

Question 6:


a) is a perspective on policy-making that emphasizes the impact that structures and rules, both formal and informal, have on political outcomes
b) sees organized interests as the central fact of political life and locates the main causes of government action in the activities of voluntary associations outside the state
c) is defined as direct participation of organizations representing business and labour in public policy-making
d) is an explanation of politics where organized groups are viewed as the bearers of more fundamental interests and ideologies, namely those of classes and their factions
e) is an explanation of politics that emphasizes the interests and rights of individuals above all other facts of life

Question 7:


a) a perspective on policy-making that emphasizes the impact that structures and rules, both formal and informal, have on political outcomes
b) an explanation of politics that sees organized interests as the central fact of life and which explains politics chiefly in terms of the activities of groups
c) direct participation of organizations representing business and labour in public policy-making
d) an explanation of politics where organized groups are viewed as the bearers of more fundamental interests and ideologies, namely those of classes and their factions
e) a particular voting behavior, in which individuals classify candidates mentally before selecting the one that best represents them

Question 8:


a) a perspective on policy-making that emphasizes the impact that structures and rules, both formal and informal, have on political outcomes
b) an explanation of politics that sees organized interests as the central fact of life and which explains politics chiefly in terms of the activities of groups
c) a political structure characterized by the direct participation of organizations representing business and labour in public policy-making
d) an explanation of politics where organized groups are viewed as the bearers of more fundamental interests and ideologies, namely those of classes and their factions
e) a negative and exclusionary attitude towards corporate interests that seeks to exclude them from all political decision-making and participation

Question 9:


a) a perspective on policy-making that emphasizes the impact that structures and rules, both formal and informal, have on political outcomes
b) an explanation of politics that sees organized interests as the central fact of life and which explains politics chiefly in terms of the activities of groups
c) direct participation of organizations representing business and labour in public policy-making
d) an explanation of politics where organized groups are viewed as the bearers of more fundamental interests and ideologies, namely those of classes and their factions
e) a single-issue focus on prison reform that relies heavily on the strictures of neo-liberalism

Question 10:


a) rational choice theory
b) corporatism
c) statism
d) pluralism
e) classical empiricism

Question 11:


a) the constellation of actors in a particular policy field
b) the set of state institutions and interest groups usually involved in making and implementing policy in some field
c) the nature of the relationships between the key actors in a policy community
d) organizations that can credibly claim to represent all significant interests within a specific economic sector
e) the relationship between the broad lay public and the main actors in a policy community

Question 12:


a) collective solidarity incentives
b) specific solidarity incentives
c) specific individual incentives
d) material incentives
e) purposive incentives

Question 13:


a) the overall goals of the organization are more important than any particular objective
b) they have limited or no access to communication with the government
c) they have concrete and immediate objectives
d) they have stable memberships
e) they possess organizational continuity and cohesion

Question 14:


a) electoral influence
b) the capacity to affect the economy negatively
c) group cohesion
d) all of the above
e) none of the above

Question 15:


a) a smaller group and exclusive benefits
b) affordable membership and exclusive benefits
c) affordable membership and elite leadership
d) elite leadership and exclusive benefits
e) cooperation and hard work

Question 16:


a) the tendency of some interest groups to prefer less expensive methods such as public demonstrations in their attempts to convey a political message
b) the tendency of some media outlets to cover the stories already being covered by other media outlets, effectively shutting out those interest groups not involved in the issue being covered
c) the tendency of some members of large groups to attempt to reap the benefits of the organization’s actions without having to contribute to it
d) the tendency of some politicians to become involved in issues already being addressed by other politicians
e) the tendency of some interest groups to try to win benefits for those they represent but at the expense of other, not represented or underrepresented groups

Question 17:


a) the relationship between the Prime Minister, cabinet, and the parts of the bureaucracy directly involved in the given policy issue
b) the nature of the relationships between the key policy actors in a policy community
c) a closed system of relations between an interest group and the administrative agencies and congressional committees with which it routinely deals
d) a closed system of relations between the president, congressmen, and senators directly involved in a given policy issue
e) the geographic relationship between the buildings of the East Block, the West Block, and the House of Commons

Question 18:


a) the multiple crack hypothesis
b) the argument that federal constitution reduces the internal cohesion of organized interests
c) the statist interpretation of federalism’s impact
d) all of the above
e) none of the above

Question 19:


a) holding demonstrations that involve displaying signs and passing out leaflets in order to convey a political message
b) conducting presentations to other interest groups in an attempt to influence their lobbying activities and build coalitions
c) a form of direct or indirect communication with a government that is designed to influence public policy
d) the purchase of advertising space or broadcast time to convey a political message
e) advertising that is specifically bought to speak on behalf of underrepresented and minority groups

Question 20:


a) a form of direct or indirect communication with the government that is designed to influence public policy
b) the purchase of media advertising to convey a political message
c) conducting presentations to other interest groups in an attempt to influence their lobbying activities and build coalitions
d) holding demonstrations that involve the displaying of signs and the passing out leaflets in order to convey a political message
e) a form of protest in which participants crowd the entrances, exits, and waiting areas of politicians’ offices until an audience is granted

Question 21:


a) monitoring the political scene as it affects their client’s interests
b) helping to build strategic coalitions with other interest groups
c) collecting and communicating information on behalf of the interests they represent
d) providing information about how and where to access the policy-making system
e) providing information about election campaign strategy

Question 22:


a) senior paid officers and other employees of organizations whose activities would include lobbying federal officials
b) those who work for a single corporation and who lobby federal officials as a significant part of their duties
c) senators who lobby cabinet ministers on behalf of certain corporate interests
d) those who, for a fee, lobby federal officials for various clients
e) those who work for lobbyists and provide outside advice on their lobbying practices

Question 23:


a) senior paid officers and other employees of organizations whose activities would include lobbying federal officials
b) those who work for a single corporation and who lobby federal officials as a significant part of their duties
c) senators who lobby cabinet ministers on behalf of certain corporate interests
d) those who, for a fee, lobby federal officials for various clients
e) lobbyists who specifically critique corporate interests as part of their activities

Question 24:


a) senior paid officers and other employees of organizations whose activities would include lobbying federal officials
b) those who work for a single corporation and who lobby federal officials as a significant part of their duties
c) senators who lobby cabinet ministers on behalf of certain corporate interests
d) those who, for a fee, lobby federal officials for various clients
e) lobbyists whose political interests include more careful organization at all levels of government

Question 25:


a) health policy
b) international trade
c) social welfare policy
d) taxation and finance
e) the environment

Question 26:


a) True
b) False

Question 27:


a) True
b) False

Question 28:


a) True
b) False

Question 29:


a) True
b) False

Question 30:


a) True
b) False

Question 31:


a) True
b) False

Question 32:


a) True
b) False

Question 33:


a) True
b) False

Question 34:


a) True
b) False

Question 35:


a) True
b) False

Question 36:


a) True
b) False

Question 37:


a) True
b) False

Question 38:


a) True
b) False

Question 39:


a) True
b) False

Question 40:


a) True
b) False