Student Resources

Treasure Maps

These 'treasure maps' are easily accessible Google search results to assist you as you further explore the main themes discussed in each chapter.

Clicking one of the following links will open a file automatically in Word. You may then print the file by selecting 'Print' from the File menu, or you may save the file to your system by selecting the 'Save As' option from the File menu.

Chapter One: From Common Sense to Science


 

Chapter Two: Big Puzzles, Small Brains


 

Chapter Three: The After-the-Fact Method


 

Chapter Four: The Before-and-After Method


Chapter Five: The Control-Group Method


 

Chapter Six: Validity: The Reach of Science


 

Chapter Seven: Developmental and Longitudinal Methods


 

Chapter Eight: Qualitative Methods: Questionnaires, Attitude Scales, and Interviews


Chapter Nine: Qualitative Methods: Naturalistic Observation and Archival Research


 

Chapter Ten: The Number Game


 

Chapter Eleven: Statistical Foundations: Packaging Information          


 

Chapter Twelve: Statistical Foundations: Prediction


 

Chapter Thirteen: Ethics          


 

Chapter Fourteen: Research Report Writing


 

Chapter Fifteen: Sex and Science


 

Chapter Sixteen: The Truth Spinners


 

Supplemental Chapters

Preface

This section included seven chapters.

In the first we apply the major principles from The Science Game to questions faced by applied researchers in different fields such as business, nursing, journalism, social work, criminology, and medical support services.

Each of the subsequent six chapters focuses on one of the above disciplines.

Unlike laboratory scientists, applied researchers typically work in relatively uncontrolled, and often uncontrollable, settings. Therefore, they must adapt or forego the rational-empirical models and methods employed in the natural sciences.

While just as dedicated to the goal of providing trustworthy information as natural scientists do, they face formidable challenges that require theoretical and methodological creativity.

In a lighter vein we propose that natural scientists have it relatively easy. Mostly they study things that sit still or can be made to sit still including things can be taken apart to see what makes them tick.

In contrast, social scientists and applied scientists study whole humans, who not only won't sit still but also strenuously resist being taken apart - even in the name of science.

We gratefully acknowledge the continued support of Dr John Brown who read and reread drafts of these chapters patiently suggesting how we might introduce order into some of our word salads. We also thank Dr Janet Jeffrey who commented on our chapter on nursing research.