Cognition, Fourth Edition - Practice Quiz (Chapters 1–7)

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) Cognition is about awareness.
b) Cognition includes a wide range of mental activities and psychological processes.
c) Intelligence is the main focus of cognition.
d) Cognition is primarily about intuitive processes.

Question 2:


a) an ecological approach to perception
b) how we process information to give it meaning
c) the cognitive ethology approach to research
d) Both a and c.

Question 3:


a) increase
b) decrease
c) stay the same

Question 4:


a) Ecological approach
b) Cognitive ethology
c) Broadbent’s filter theory
d) Information pickup

Question 5:


a) thinking about thinking
b) advanced cognitive theory
c) information metaprocessing
d) thoughts of a surreal nature

Question 6:


a) produce speech
b) comprehend speech
c) repeat speech
d) read aloud

Question 7:


a) locating a specific neural structure within the brain
b) identifying increased activity within a specific brain structure during a cognitive task
c) performing phrenological studies on brain function
d) working with animal brains instead of human brains

Question 8:


a) Epiphenomenalism
b) Parallelism
c) Isomorphism
d) Interactionism

Question 9:


a) The advent of the telephone and radio helped theorists conceptualize cognition as the transfer of information through a system.
b) The advent of the computer helped theorists conceptualize cognition as the flow of information through a series of processing structures.
c) The advent of neuroscience techniques helped theorists conceptualize cognition as the patterns of activity in a complex, interconnected network of neurons.
d) The advent of brain injury studies helped theorists conceptualize cognition as the product of specialized regions of the brain.

Question 10:


a) Lesions
b) fMRI
c) Multi-unit recording
d) ERP

Question 11:


a) parallel processing
b) parallel distributed processing
c) serial processing
d) information processing

Question 12:


a) construction of the visual image from the base to the peak.
b) illusion that objects possess more perceptual data than they actually do.
c) contribution of previous knowledge to object recognition.
d) contribution of the visual features of a stimulus to object recognition.

Question 13:


a) perceptual synapse
b) Höffding function
c) memory probe
d) trace detection

Question 14:


a) the word is very long.
b) the letter is difficult to see
c) if the word is from a foreign language you do not understand.
d) the word is a noun.

Question 15:


a) Prägnanz
b) Similarity
c) Proximity
d) Constancy

Question 16:


a) Information comes from the senses helps to create an internal representation of the environment.
b) Past experiences and prior knowledge help to create an internal representation of the environment.
c) The way we actively organize information into wholes helps us create an internal representation of the environment
d) The way we apprehend information directly from the environment helps guide our actions in the world.

Question 17:


a) Reading a sentence, then writing notes on it.
b) Picking up where you left off on your essay after going to the store.
c) Driving a car while talking on a cell phone.
d) Alternating between listening to your professor lecture and taking notes.

Question 18:


a) Longer fixation durations, more regressions, and less saccades
b) Shorter fixation durations, more regressions, and less saccades
c) Shorter fixation durations, less regressions, and more saccades
d) Longer fixation durations, less regressions, and more saccades

Question 19:


a) automatic processing; controlled processing
b) controlled processing; automatic processing
c) attention capture; inattentional blindness
d) inattentional blindness; attention capture

Question 20:


a) attentional blink
b) subliminal perception
c) covert attention
d) overt attention

Question 21:


a) fixation
b) saccade
c) smooth pursuit movement
d) coincidence

Question 22:


a) pencil and paper
b) recording device
c) computer
d) None of the above.

Question 23:


a) The frontal cortex
b) The hippocampus
c) The cerebellum
d) The thalamus

Question 24:


a) a faithful snapshot of
b) like travelling back in time to
c) a dynamic reconstruction of
d) a low quality recording of

Question 25:


a) selection
b) interpretation
c) rationalization
d) plasticity

Question 26:


a) descriptive; predetermined
b) prescriptive; descriptive
c) predetermined; selected
d) None of the above.

Question 27:


a) The semantic buffer
b) The phonological loop
c) The episodic buffer
d) The visuo-spatial sketchpad
e) The central executive

Question 28:


a) involuntary semantic memory
b) spreading activation
c) the fan effect
d) primacy bias

Question 29:


a) the fan effect
b) the ceiling effect
c) the butcher-on-the-bus phenomenon
d) implicit memory

Question 30:


a) Korsakoff’s syndrome
b) Encoding specificity
c) The associative deficit
d) The disconnection syndrome

Question 31:


a) visuo-spatial sketchpad
b) an episodic buffer
c) the fan effect
d) involuntary semantic memory

Question 32:


a) non-verbally; verbally
b) synchronously; sequentially
c) verbally; synchronously
d) sequentially; synchronously
e) synchronously; asynchronously

Question 33:


a) Love
b) Purpose
c) Car
d) Justice
e) A, b, and d

Question 34:


a) When abstract words are paired with concrete words
b) When both paired words are concrete
c) When both paired words are abstract
d) All of the above pairings proved to show similar results.

Question 35:


a) is not an index of the accuracy of memory
b) is an index of richness
c) can be measured by the VVIQ
d) All of the above.
e) None of the above.

Question 36:


a) objective distance
b) actual distance
c) imaginary distance
d) location distance