Rutherford Practice Final Exam

Instructions:

Question 1:


a) frequent pairings of stimuli.
b) evolutionary history.
c) a norm of reaction.
d) practice.

Question 2:


a) the tasks a child can complete with and without adult support.
b) the tasks a child can complete before and after he has begun receiving a formal education.
c) the tasks a child can complete with or without motivation to do well.
d) the tasks a child can complete before and after he has learned to speak.

Question 3:


a) It can be seen under a microscope.
b) It is composed of a large DNA helix.
c) It is located in the nucleus of the cell.
d) It contains millions of genes.

Question 4:


a) A-and-B
b) A-not-B
c) A-if-B
d) A-without-B

Question 5:


a) heuristics
b) rules
c) bits of information
d) classifications

Question 6:


a) pinpointing developmental causes.
b) determining trait stability.
c) examining the role of genetics.
d) providing clues for testing a hypothesis.

Question 7:


a) the cards have letters and numbers printed on them.
b) the rule is abstract.
c) they are forced to make a quick decision.
d) the rule involves a social contract.

Question 8:


a) 22
b) 44
c) 23
d) 42

Question 9:


a) 6 months.
b) 2 years.
c) 5 years.
d) 10 years.

Question 10:


a) the risk of exploitation.
b) its evolutionary instability.
c) the fact that receiving benefits requires a kin relationship.
d) it is not favoured by natural selection.

Question 11:


a) works well in the current environment as well because the environment hasn’t changed at all.
b) works well in the current environment as well because it doesn’t really matter if the environment changes.
c) may be maladaptive in the current environment.
d) is usually maladaptive in the current environment.

Question 12:


a) technological equipment
b) laptop
c) MacBook Pro
d) computer

Question 13:


a) rC < B
b) rB < C
c) rC > B
d) rB > C

Question 14:


a) anything can be counted.
b) number labels should be spoken in the same order every time.
c) total number remains the same regardless of counting order.
d) whatever number label you give to the last item is the total.

Question 15:


a) B. F. Skinner.
b) Charles Darwin.
c) John B. Watson.
d) Albert Bandura.

Question 16:


a) your father.
b) your mother.
c) either your mother or your father.
d) the Y chromosome.

Question 17:


a) a goal detector
b) a movement predictor.
c) a predictability mechanism.
d) an intentionality detector.

Question 18:


a) 5,000
b) 10,000
c) 20,000
d) 30,000

Question 19:


a) free-report
b) free-classification
c) open-sorting
d) unrestricted

Question 20:


a) a type of messenger RNA.
b) a protein.
c) a triplet of nucleotides.
d) an amino acid chain.

Question 21:


a) abstract topics.
b) grammatically-simple utterances.
c) current topics.
d) numerous grammatical errors.

Question 22:


a) they had been rewarded for doing it.
b) they had an aggressive personality.
c) they had played with the doll before.
d) they had just seen an adult do it.

Question 23:


a) external reliability.
b) internal reliability.
c) inter-rater reliability.
d) test–retest reliability. c (p. 55)

Question 24:


a) utilitarianism.
b) ethology.
c) the naturalistic fallacy.
d) coalitional behaviour.

Question 25:


a) parents are concerned with maximizing the fitness of their offspring.
b) parents and offspring do not have the same point of view regarding the point for decreasing parental investment.
c) parents tend to invest in some offspring more than others.
d) none of the above