Cognition, Sixth Edition: Chapter 01

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) Folk psychology
b) Cognitive ethology
c) The Brown–Peterson task
d) Information processing theory

Question 2:


a) indirectly related
b) inversely related
c) positively related
d) not related

Question 3:


a) Response times slow down as the likelihood of a stimulus increases.
b) Response times speed up as the likelihood of a stimulus decreases.
c) It takes more time to respond to probable stimuli than improbable stimuli.
d) It takes more time to respond to improbable stimuli than probable stimuli.

Question 4:


a) Messages remain in the sensory buffer indefinitely.
b) Messages are held until they can be used.
c) Messages decay with the passage of time.
d) Messages are categorized and processed.

Question 5:


a) 186–724
b) 178–264
c) 172–864
d) 462–871

Question 6:


a) It is more dangerous than driving with a hands-free cell phone.
b) It is less dangerous than driving with a hands-free cell phone.
c) It is equally dangerous as driving with a hands-free cell phone.
d) Neither is dangerous as long as the driver isn’t texting.

Question 7:


a) D.E. Broadbent
b) J.J. Gibson
c) Ulric Neisser
d) Waugh and Norman

Question 8:


a) Affordances
b) Object
c) Exploration
d) Schema

Question 9:


a) Memory
b) Language
c) Brain damage
d) Attention

Question 10:


a) Test basic mechanisms first in the laboratory; then extend to real-world phenomena.
b) Derive a hypothesis from a theory, design a controlled experiment, and use inferential statistics to analyze the data.
c) Collect qualitative data, administer surveys regarding naturally-occurring behaviour, and test survey data in natural setting.
d) Observe and describe naturally occurring behaviour, move it into the laboratory and gradually simplify it, and test the lab findings to see if they predict and explain real-world phenomena.

Question 11:


a) a stimulus and experimental psychology
b) sensation and stimulus
c) sensation and perception
d) a stimulus and perception

Question 12:


a) could identify two simultaneous word messages
b) could identify two simultaneous call signals
c) could not identify two simultaneous word messages
d) Both b and c

Question 13:


a) Sensory input
b) Short-term memory
c) Attenuator
d) Filter

Question 14:


a) Waugh and Norman
b) William James
c) J.J. Gibson
d) Brown and Peterson

Question 15:


a) it is objective
b) it uses averaged group data
c) it is based on individual thoughts/perspectives
d) it employs statistical analyses

Question 16:


a) Determining what information is available in a stimulus
b) Understanding the processing required to make a stimulus meaningful
c) Determining the meaning of a stimulus through affordances
d) Understanding the components of a meaningful schema

Question 17:


a) Perceptual cycle
b) Information pickup
c) Affordances
d) Schema

Question 18:


a) a schema
b) an affordance
c) an object
d) the environment

Question 19:


a) speech perception task; attention
b) dichotic listening task; attention
c) Brown-Peterson task; memory rehearsal
d) binaural listening task; memory rehearsal

Question 20:


a) introspection and the experimental method
b) schemas and affordances
c) primary and secondary memory
d) information processing approach and the ecological approach

Question 21:


a) True
b) False

Question 22:


a) True
b) False

Question 23:


a) True
b) False

Question 24:


a) True
b) False

Question 25:


a) True
b) False

Question 26:


a) True
b) False

Question 27:


a) True
b) False

Question 28:


a) True
b) False

Question 29:


a) True
b) False

Question 30:


a) True
b) False