Cognition, Sixth Edition: Chapter 09

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:

a) diacritical marks
b) phonological indicators
c) grammatical transformations
d) surface structures

Question 2:

a) It is open-ended.
b) It describes only the sentences that are actually spoken.
c) It does not require the use of grammar.
d) It consists of all possible sentences.

Question 3:

a) Grammar
b) Phase structure
c) Semantic
d) Phonological

Question 4:

a) The parameter-setting hypothesis
b) Mirror neurons
c) The universal grammar
d) The code model of communication

Question 5:

a) a deep structure
b) an underlying structure
c) syntax
d) grammatical structure

Question 6:

a) Skinner’s notion that children learn via feedback from parents and others
b) the innateness hypothesis
c) the notion that the environment has no influence on language acquisition
d) the “poverty of the stimulus” argument

Question 7:

a) minimalism
b) parameter setting
c) language acquisition device
d) deep structure

Question 8:

a) parental reformulations
b) concealing
c) recursion
d) minimalism

Question 9:

a) Computational system
b) Sensory-motor system
c) Conceptual-intentional system
d) Uniquely human system

Question 10:

a) Copy-cat
b) Mirror
c) Reflective
d) Dual-code

Question 11:

a) phonemes
b) morphemes
c) articulation
d) syntax

Question 12:

a) a phoneme
b) a morpheme
c) a sentence
d) a word

Question 13:

a) 24; 44
b) 24; 20
c) 44; 24
d) 20; 24

Question 14:

a) They contain phrase structure rules.
b) They are open to grammatical transformations.
c) They generate only sentences that move from right to left.
d) They can’t generate all the grammatical utterances of a natural language.

Question 15:

a) the innateness hypothesis
b) minimalism
c) the parameter-setting hypothesis
d) the idea that children receive corrective feedback on ungrammatical utterances

Question 16:

a) Syntactic development was primarily influenced by the complexity of parental speech.
b) Syntactic development was influenced by the complexity of teacher speech.
c) The complexity of parental and teacher speech equally influenced syntactic development.
d) The complexity of neither parental nor teacher speech influenced syntactic development.

Question 17:

a) Maxim of quality
b) Maxim of quantity
c) Maxim of relativity
d) Maxim of manner

Question 18:

a) Surface dyslexia
b) Phonological dyslexia
c) Directional dyslexia
d) Visual dyslexia

Question 19:

a) a polysemous word
b) a pretense
c) a given-new contract
d) a concealing function

Question 20:

a) White–black
b) Yellow–blue
c) Blue–green
d) Red–green

True or False Questions

Question 21:

a) True
b) False

Question 22:

a) True
b) False

Question 23:

a) True
b) False

Question 24:

a) True
b) False

Question 25:

a) True
b) False

Question 26:

a) True
b) False

Question 27:

a) True
b) False

Question 28:

a) True
b) False

Question 29:

a) True
b) False

Question 30:

a) True
b) False