Cognition, Sixth Edition: Chapter 10

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) An insight problem
b) Flexibility–rigidity dimension
c) Functional fixedness
d) Perception

Question 2:


a) Sultan displayed insight.
b) Sultan failed to display insight.
c) Sultan failed to display a Gestalt switch.
d) Sultan suffered functional fixedness.

Question 3:


a) Structurally blind thinking on their part
b) Productive thinking on your part
c) Productive thinking on their part
d) Structurally blind thinking on your part and their part

Question 4:


a) Using a stool as a chair
b) Using a lighter as a bottle opener
c) Using a knife to open a letter
d) Putting a TV on top of a dresser

Question 5:


a) The solution takes less time to appear.
b) The solution takes longer to appear.
c) The solution appears suddenly and without warning
d) Insight solutions are preceded by a feeling of “warmth.”

Question 6:


a) Feeling of “warmth”
b) Feeling of knowing
c) Feeling of anticipation
d) Gestalt switch

Question 7:


a) Constraint relaxation and feeling of “warmth”
b) Feeling of knowing and feeling of “warmth”
c) Chunk decomposition and constraint relaxation
d) Feeling of knowing and chunk decomposition

Question 8:


a) Chunk decomposition
b) Constraint relaxation
c) Negative transfer
d) Mindlessness

Question 9:


a) mindlessness
b) functional fixedness
c) mindfulness
d) negative transfer

Question 10:


a) You did very well in the study.
b) You produced many Gestalt switches.
c) You successfully used a number of different heuristics.
d) You probably didn’t do very well and made the same mistake repeatedly.

Question 11:


a) The participants could predict which insight problems they could solve.
b) The participants could predict which non-insight problems they could solve.
c) The participants could predict which insight and non-insight problems they could solve.
d) The participants could not predict which insight or non-insight problems they could solve.

Question 12:


a) Anterior cingulate cortex
b) Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
c) Inferior temporal cortex
d) Primary visual cortex

Question 13:


a) positive transfers
b) algorithms
c) subgoals
d) search trees

Question 14:


a) a goal stack
b) a Gestalt switch
c) a means–end analysis
d) chunk decomposition

Question 15:


a) Productive thinking
b) Constraint relaxation
c) Short-term memory
d) Long-term memory

Question 16:


a) Anterior cingulate cortex
b) Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex
c) Inferior temporal cortex
d) Hippocampus

Question 17:


a) Coming up with as many alternate solutions as possible
b) Using previous solutions to solve the current problem
c) Recognizing and applying general principles that are relevant to the problem
d) None of the above

Question 18:


a) perform an evaluation function
b) re-structure the way the problem is represented
c) create a search tree
d) engage in concurrent verbalization

Question 19:


a) Production rules
b) Means-ends analysis
c) Goal stack
d) Analysis of the situation

Question 20:


a) Unnecessary assumptions can be overcome with hints.
b) The Gestalt theory of problem-solving was incorrect.
c) Insight is involuntary.
d) A hint is useful to solve the nine-dot problem to the extent that it coincides with the problem solver’s direction of thought.



True or False Questions

Question 21:


a) True
b) False

Question 22:


a) True
b) False

Question 23:


a) True
b) False

Question 24:


a) True
b) False

Question 25:


a) True
b) False

Question 26:


a) True
b) False

Question 27:


a) True
b) False

Question 28:


a) True
b) False

Question 29:


a) True
b) False

Question 30:


a) True
b) False