A Concise Introduction to World Religions: Chapter 9

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:

a) The Book of Changes (I Ching)
b) The Analects
c) The Dao De Jing (The Classic of the Way and its Virtue)
d) The Baopuzi (The Master Who Embraces Simplicity)

Question 2:

a) Heaven is an impersonal force that reinforces human morality.
b) Heaven is a physical place where deceased ancestors dwell.
c) Heaven is a deity that is interested in human conduct and can interact with individuals (especially political leaders).
d) Heaven displaced Shangdi (the ancestral deity of the Shang dynasty).

Question 3:

a) Husband–wife
b) Elder friend–younger friend
c) Father–son
d) Master–slave

Question 4:

a) Ren: ‘benevolence’
b) Xiao: ‘filial piety’
c) Li: ‘ritual propriety’
d) All of the above.

Question 5:

a) Mencius: Human nature is good. Xunzi: Human nature is good.
b) Mencius: Human nature is good. Xunzi: Human nature is evil.
c) Mencius: Human nature is evil. Xunzi: Human nature is good.
d) Mencius: Human nature is evil. Xunzi: Human nature is evil.

Question 6:

a) His teachings became the central curriculum for Chinese civil service examinations in 1313.
b) He expanded Confucian thought by incorporating a detailed metaphysical system, based on the interaction between principle (li) and matter-energy (qi).
c) He believed human nature could be perfected by studying Confucian classics
d) He was a great success during his lifetime, eventually serving as the prime minister of a large state in central China.
e) None of the above.

Question 7:

a) The ruler’s actions and judgments are always correct, as they are as natural as the progression of the stars through the Heavens.
b) The ruler should use whatever means necessary, even extreme punishments (the ‘Wrath of Heaven’), to ensure political stability.
c) The ruler is an intermediary between the human and the divine realms.
d) The ruler is a reincarnation of Shangti (the Lord on High).

Question 8:

a) Li (ritual propriety)
b) Zheng ming (the rectification of names)
c) Wu Xing (the five elements)
d) Wuwei (non-action)

Question 9:

a) Dao is the origin of the cosmos.
b) Dao is the operational principle of the cosmos.
c) Dao is the rational, intellectual mind.
d) Dao is the correct path of human practice.

Question 10:

a) People should change the world through involvement in politics.
b) People should abandon rationality and subjectivity in favour of a life of free-¬and-easy wandering.
c) People should relate to each other by following the rules of ritual propriety (li).
d) People should spend their lives concocting elixirs of immortality.

Question 11:

a) It was founded after Zhang Daoling saw a vision of Laozi.
b) It is characterized by its hereditary leadership.
c) Its monks are celibate and they abstain from alcohol.
d) Its headquarters are currently located in Taiwan.

Question 12:

a) Embryonic respiration
b) Spirit possession
c) Visualization of light passing through the body
d) Qigong exercises

Question 13:

a) Quanzhen
b) Lingbao
c) Yiguandao
d) Daojiao

Question 14:

a) ‘dragon and monkey’
b) ‘earth science’
c) ‘wind and water’
d) ‘energy mapping’

Question 15:

a) Sweeping the graves of deceased relatives.
b) Bathing an image of the Buddha
c) Burning offerings to the Stove God
d) Eating a harvest feast (which includes the consumption of moon cakes)