A Concise Introduction to World Religions 2e: Chapter 10

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the 'Submit my answers' button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:

a) The Book of Changes (I Ching)
b) The Analects (Lunyu)
c) The Dao De Jing (The Classic of the Way and its Virtue)
d) The Baopuzi (The Master Who Embraces Simplicity)

Question 2:

a) It is an impersonal force that reinforces human morality.
b) It is a physical place where deceased ancestors dwell.
c) It is a deity that is interested in human conduct and can interact with individuals (especially political leaders).
d) It displaced Shangdi (the ancestral deity of the Shang dynasty).

Question 3:

a) Daoism
b) Shintoism
c) Confucianism
d) Buddhism

Question 4:

a) Ren (benevolence)
b) Xiao (filial piety)
c) Li (ritual propriety)
d) all of the above

Question 5:

a) Mencius: Human nature is good. Xunzi: Human nature is good.
b) Mencius: Human nature is good. Xunzi: Human nature is evil.
c) Mencius: Human nature is evil. Xunzi: Human nature is good.
d) Mencius: Human nature is evil. Xunzi: Human nature is evil.

Question 6:

a) His teachings became the central curriculum for Chinese civil service exams.
b) He expanded Confucian thought by incorporating a detailed metaphysical system, based on the interaction between principle (li) and matter-energy (qi).
c) He believed human nature could be perfected by studying Confucian classics.
d) He was a great success during his lifetime, eventually serving as the prime minister of a large state in central China.

Question 7:

a) The ruler’s actions and judgments are always correct, as they are as natural as the progression of the stars through the Heavens.
b) The ruler should use whatever means necessary, even extreme punishments (the ‘Wrath of Heaven’), to ensure political stability.
c) The ruler is an intermediary between the human and the divine realms.
d) The ruler is a reincarnation of Shangti (the Lord on High).

Question 8:

a) Gaya-san
b) Omoto
c) Mudang
d) Tenrikyo

Question 9:

a) Dao is the origin of the cosmos.
b) Dao is the operational principle of the cosmos.
c) Dao is the rational, intellectual mind.
d) Dao is the correct path of human practice.

Question 10:

a) People should change the world through involvement in politics.
b) People should abandon rationality and subjectivity in favor of a life of free-and-easy wandering.
c) People should relate to each other by following the rules of ritual propriety (li).
d) People should spend their lives concocting elixirs of immortality.

Question 11:

a) It was founded after Zhang Daoling saw a vision of Laozi.
b) It is characterized by its bureaucratic hereditary leadership.
c) It is a modern Daoist movement.
d) It is also known as the Five Bushels of Rice.

Question 12:

a) respiration practices
b) spirit possession
c) visualization of light passing through the body
d) discipline exercises

Question 13:

a) Quanzhen
b) Lingbao
c) Yiguandao
d) Daojiao

Question 14:

a) Korean religious history is closely connected to Shamanism.
b) Half of Korea’s population professes to follow no religion today.
c) Korea has the largest network of Confucian shrines in the world.
d) Koreans are united around the worship of one God and Rev. Sun Myung Moon is their supreme leader.

Question 15:

a) sweeping the graves of deceased relatives
b) bathing in an image of the Buddha
c) burning offerings to the Stove God
d) eating a harvest feast (which includes the consumption of moon cakes)