Higher Education

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Quiz for Chapter One

Multiple Choice Questions

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1. If knowledge consists of claims that are socially constructed, how can sociologists produce knowledge?

a) Sociologists are not concerned with the truth or falsity of knowledge claims.
b) Sociologists look for diverse ways of understanding shared meanings.
c) Sociologists adopt a neutral point of view free of personal biases.
d) Sociologists abandon scientific methods, preferring subjectivity to objectivity.

Answer


2. The sociological perspective allows us to think critically about society. Which of the following separates critical thinkers from taken-for-granted thinkers?

a) Critical thinkers rigorously investigate universal measures of truth.
b) Critical thinkers adopt a position of radical individualism.
c) Critical thinkers recognize that knowledge is contextual.
d) Critical thinkers are fundamentally moral absolutists.

Answer


3. Which of the following best exemplifies how sociology is both conservative and radical?

a) Sociologists employ scientific methods to address social problems.
b) Sociologists draw from classical traditions of social change and popular action.
c) Sociologists manipulate conservative epistemologies to alter the social landscape.
d) Sociologists defend progressive action while relying on well-established research traditions.

Answer


True or False Questions

1. Habitualized activity contradicts sociological views of institutionalization.

Answer


2. Sociological research indicates that while individualism is socially constructed, it is universally understood as natural.

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3. C. Wright Mills argued that sociology should not be detached from daily experience.

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Fill in the Blank Questions

1. Husserl's term for the ________ of meanings is the 'lifeworld'.

Answer


2. According to Mills, the sociological imagination is useful in times of great ________.

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3. The taken-for-granted view of science is that it is the best way to gain ________ knowledge about the world around us.

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Short Answer Questions

1. What is the social construction of reality?

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2. Why is habitualization the groundwork for institutionalization?

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3. How can the sociological perspective be disturbing?

Answer