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Quiz for Chapter 3

Multiple Choice Questions

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1. How does the sociological approach to knowledge differ from other approaches?

a) It is not affected by the values of researchers and is uniquely free from bias.
b) Unlike other kinds of knowledge, it is resistant to falsification.
c) It is supported by tangible evidence and follows strict procedures.
d) It is not subject to ethical principles, reinforcing a fact–value distinction.

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2. What is an important assumption of a positivist epistemological orientation?

a) The only way to analyze a social problem is through symbolic meanings.investigate universal measures of truth.
b) There is an objective, independent reality.
c) The categories we use to make sense of the world have built-in essences.
d) It often has an emancipatory interest in empowerment.

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3. Which premise forms the basis of standpoint epistemology?

a) The standpoint of a powerless group has potential for providing a good analysis.
b) The standpoint should not be affected by the social location of the researcher.
c) The dominant class is attuned to the perspectives of the subordinate class.
d) The standpoint epistemology is based on Weber's interest in value-free analysis.

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4. How do sociological theories differ from common-sense theories?

a) They provide guidelines for thinking in a disciplined manner about the kinds of research questions to pose.
b) They are systematic efforts to develop a unified theory that will explain all the observed uniformities of social behaviour.
c) They are part of a quantitative research strategy involving statistical analysis.
d) They are concerned with epistemological questions involving the validity of knowledge.

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5. According to Robert K. Merton, what is the most abstract form of theorizing?

a) structural functionalism.
b) working hypotheses.
c) theories of the middle range.
d) grand theories.

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True or False Questions

Social solidarity serves to provide individuals with a solid base, increasing their chances of recovery when faced with difficulties.

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2. Masculinity does not have the same meaning across all cultures.

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3. Lantz and Booth discovered that breast cancer was caused by women's use of birth control pills.

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4. Male hospitalization rates for attempted suicide are far higher than female rates and they are more likely to use lethal methods.

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5. A sociological theory is just a guess or a hunch, and while not proven, it does have heuristic value.

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Fill in the Blank Questions

1. Constructivism, a position consistent with a qualitative research strategy, is in contrast to the ontological orientation of ________.

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2. Any theory both reveals and ________ certain aspects of the human experience.

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3. For the positivist epistemological orientation, there is a certain ________ to all sciences, including the social sciences.

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4. Durkheim argued that there were ________ at work, independent of the conscious will of the person considering suicide.

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5. The concept of ________ does not have the same meaning across all cultures.

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Short Answer Questions

1. What did Durkheim initially hypothesize about suicide and was he correct?

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2. What did Frank Trovato find as a consequence of his study 'The Stanley Cup of Hockey and Suicide in Quebec, 1951–1992'? How does he explain his findings?

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3. How does Fish is Fish offer an example of the constructivist perspective?

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4. How have feminists critiqued traditional sociology?

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