Quiz for Chapter 4
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What did Jennifer Hook's study of men and unpaid domestic work reveal about gender relations?
a) the benefits of a longitudinal comparison research design
b) the crisis of masculinity and feminization of home life
c) the influence of national-level factors on work arrangements
d) that all women want to avoid unpaid family work
Answer: C (Page 86)
2. How is data most frequently collected for a survey?
a) self-administered questionnaire
b) in-depth ethnographic participation
c) transitional focus group interviews
d) response bias questionnaire
Answer: A (Page 92)
3. Scholars call the patterned educational attainment of the children of new immigrants ________.
a) cultural assimilation
b) segmented assimilation
c) educational assimilation
d) access assimilation
Answer: B (Page 94)
4. In group discussions, interviewers usually pose ________.
a) closed-ended questions
b) open-ended questions
c) relational questions
d) nominal questions
Answer: B(Pages 98-99)
5. ________ is a form of content analysis involving the analysis of texts.
a) Discourse analysis
b) Post-structuralist analysis
c) Hermeneutic analysis
d) Communication analysis
Answer: A (Page 101)
True or False Questions
1. Stanley Milgram concluded that few people have the resources needed to resist authority.
Answer: True (Page 88)
2. Photojournalism is considered a branch of sociology.
Answer: False (Page 85)
3. An experimental research design is most frequently used in sociology of the family.
Answer: False (Page 90)
4. A dependent variable is a variable that is affected by an independent variable.
Answer: True (Page 90)
5. The process of quantitative research begins with the research site.
Answer: False (Page 92)
Fill in the Blank Questions
1. Sociologists study a wide variety of social variables and have a variety of ways to ________ and measure those variables.
Answer: operationalize (Page 91)
2. Interviewees have a greater tendency to respond to questions with ________ answers.
Answer: politically correct (Page 93)
3. The work of French social philosopher ________ helped to popularize discourse analysis.
Answer: Michel Foucault (Page 101)
4. Willis used a number of research methods including ________ interviews, group discussions, and participant observation.
Answer: unstructured (Page 99)
5. Christensen and Ferree demonstrated that both pro-war and anti-war speakers drew on ________ of gender to construct their cases for or against the Iraq war.
Answer: binary images (Page 101)
Short Answer Questions
1. How can content analysis be used in a quantitative research strategy?
Answer: Content analysis can be used in a quantitative research strategy by coding data into predetermined categories.
2. What are the typical requirements of ethics boards?
Answer: Ethics boards usually require the informed consent of research participants, maintenance of confidentiality, and secure data storage.
3. How did the French social philosopher Michel Foucault view discourse? What has discourse come to mean in the social sciences?
Answer: Foucault viewed discourse as a system of thought that systematically constructs the world and contemporary social scientists extend this view, seeing discourse as shaping our thinking to accomplish certain ends.
4. What is the parental human capital framework used by Abada and associates?
Answer: The parental human capital framework is a theoretical perspective that argues that the children of highly educated parents benefit from an accumulation of advantages such as good schools, safe neighbourhoods, and access to financial resources.