Higher Education

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Quiz for Chapter 6

Multiple Choice Questions

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1. What were Weber's main contributions to studies in the sociology of religion?

a) his ethnographic study of impoverished puritan communities
b) the relationship between Protestantism and capitalism
c) a general theory of religious movements
d) the universal significance of capitalism and the marketization of religion

Answer


2. Who said, 'The satisfaction of our most ideal needs are everywhere confronted with the quantitative limits and the qualitative inadequacy of the necessary external means…'?

a) Karl Marx
b) Max Weber
c) Emile Durkheim
d) Auguste Comte

Answer


3. What is an area of convergence in the sociological perspectives of Marx and Weber?

a) They were both collectivists.
b) They shared utopian visions of the end of society.
c) They were committed to the institutionalization of sociology.
d) They identified negative features of bourgeois civilization.

Answer


4. Talcott Parsons developed his own theory, structural functionalism, based on a synthesis of the work of Emile Durkheim and ________.

a) Karl Marx
b) Auguste Comte
c) Max Weber
d) Herbert Marcuse

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5. In the 1960s, how was Marx's work viewed in the United States?

a) Sociological theory was virtually identical to Marxist theory.
b) Marx's theories were dismissed as the work of an ideologue.
c) Many attempts were made to integrate Marx's theories into sociology.
d) Marx was seen as contributing to a scientific understanding of society.

Answer


True or False Questions

1. For Weber, the scientific method meant integrating his political and ethical values into his analysis of society.

Answer


2. Parsons praised Weber for rising above the ideological disputes of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

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3. Weber was an apologist for liberal capitalism.

Answer


4. Marx was a bloodthirsty radical.

Answer


5. The material forces of production include everything needed for production to take place.

Answer


Fill in the Blank Questions

1. One of the historical trends associated with rationalism is that social actors free themselves from ________ and replace that with thinking informed by empirical observations.

Answer


2. During Weber's lifetime, many social thinkers did not believe that the ________ of society was possible or even desirable.

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3. Weber believed that the calling or vocation of a scientist is to be a ________, not a leader.

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4. For Weber, Marxism was ________ and simplistic in its economic determinism.

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5. Marcuse used Weber's analysis of bureaucracy and ________ modes of thought to help inform his own thinking about social class and class oppression.

Answer


Short Answer Questions

1. What is an ideology?

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2. What did Weber think would happen as a consequence of the advance of capitalism?

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3. What are the consequences for sociologists in following Weber's methodology?

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4. What was Hegel's form of philosophical idealism and why did Marx reject it?

Answer