Quiz for Chapter 8
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Feral children are ________.
a) children raised by animals such as wolves or lesser apes
b) children who developed without the influence of human contact
c) children suffering from undiagnosed mental illnesses such as autism
d) children with speech or hearing impediments
Answer: B (Page 195)
2. ________ is one of the best-known and most influential philosophers associated with sensationalism.
Answer: B (Pages 196-197)
3. Itard developed an educational plan that relied heavily on ________.
a) sensory training
b) physical fitness
Answer: A (Page 199)
4. Bowlby specified that children suffer terribly from ________.
a) physical deprivation
b) paternal deprivation
c) maternal deprivation
d) patriarchal deprivation
Answer: C (Page 204)
5. Feminist scholars have criticized Bowlby's attachment theory for which of the following reasons?
a) It confines women to lives based on childrearing and domesticity.
b) It places all responsibility with women in marriages.
c) It socially stigmatizes women who choose to not have children.
d) It centres issues of nurturing and child rearing primarily on the mother–infant relationship.
Answer: D (Page 204)
True or False Questions
1. Lorenz observed that immediately after it is hatched, a gosling looks around for a moving object to follow.
Answer: True (Page 203)
2. Children are eager to break social bonds to assert their independence.
Answer: False (Page 195)
3. By between seven and nine months of age, the infant has discovered that different individuals can share the same feelings and intentions.
Answer: True (Page 210)
4. Humans are all born as blank slates.
Answer: False (Page 211)
5. Socialization is a unified process.
Answer: False (Page 212)
Fill in the Blank Questions
1. Eighteenth- and nineteenth-century philosophers and social thinkers were fascinated with the issue of ________ children.
Answer: feral (Page 196)
2. The strain of philosophy known as sensationalism was also called ________ empiricism.
Answer: radical (Page 197)
3. The sensationalists viewed the human mind at infancy as a ________, without any innate principles, primary notions, or ideas.
Answer: tabula rasa (Page 199)
4. Harlow found that social deprivation had long-term effects on ________ behaviour.
Answer: sexual (Page 206)
5. Almost from birth the interaction between an infant and his primary caregiver is based on ________ recognition.
Answer: mutual (Page 206)
Short Answer Questions
1. What are the consequences of keeping a child isolated from socialization?
Answer: When a child is not socialized, the innate mental categories or pre-social characteristics that we possess at birth will remain undeveloped, like in the case of feral or abandoned children, who demonstrate a limited capacity to adapt to social conditions and lack the necessary linguistic skills for effective communication.
2. How did Bowlby's argument about attachment reflect the social concerns of his time?
Answer: Bowlby specified that children suffer terribly from maternal deprivation as opposed to deprivation based on more general emotional ties. Bowlby's position reflected post-war concerns about women's roles in society as a consequence of their participation in the workforce.
3. What were the conclusions of Harlow's research regarding infant rhesus monkeys?
Answer: Harlow's research concluded that deprivation of social contact from birth has serious consequences for behavioural development and that the ability to nurture is a social skill that is not confined to females.