Quiz for Chapter 10
Multiple Choice Questions
1. ________ refers to all socially transmitted social practices and knowledge systems that are transmitted from one generation to the next.
Answer: B (Page 239)
2. What innate complex behaviours do humans lack?
a) displacement activities
c) fixed action patterns
d) mating behaviours
Answer: B (Page 241)
3. Humans rely on ________ to acquire the culture that enables them to act as humans.
a) motivational forces
b) primitive reflexes
c) social praxis
d) social learning
Answer: D (Page 241)
4. According to Robert Hollands, more must be done to help non-Native Canadians understand the importance of ________.
a) moving Aboriginals to urban centres
b) teaching Aboriginal languages in Canadian schools
c) preserving Native culture and traditions
d) making reparations to Aboriginals
Answer: C (Page 252)
5. The content and style of pre-printed stories and poems were closely tied to ________.
a) a written tradition
b) an oral tradition
c) a hybrid tradition
d) a secular tradition
Answer: B (Page 257)
True or False Questions
1. Culture has come to be seen as a set of mechanisms that humans actively employ on a moment-by-moment basis, and a means by which their reality is actively defined.
Answer: True (Page 243)
2. Jean L. Briggs was socially isolated and subtly shunned by the Utku.
Answer: True (Page 248)
3. Values, norms, and expected and allowable behaviour are shockingly similar between different cultures.
Answer: False (Page 248)
4. At the time of Jean L. Briggs's study, the Utku were mostly self-sufficient and lived largely by hunting and fishing.
Answer: True (Page 246)
5. Traditional Chinese culture places value on formal education, hard work, and family.
Answer: True (Page 244)
Fill in the Blank Questions
1. Culture is like a ________ or repertoire from which social actors choose different pieces in order to construct different lines of social action.
Answer: tool kit (Page 243)
2. The Guajiro have a custom known as ________ price.
Answer: bride (Page 246)
3. Briggs's original objective in living among the Utku was to study the social relationships of ________.
Answer: shamans (Page 247)
4. Sociologists using the production-of-culture perspective have traditionally focused on the ________ elements of culture.
Answer: expressive-symbol (Page 249)
5. Canadian society is characterized by extensive ________ diversity in a variety of cultural traditions.
Answer: ethnic (Page 255)
Short Answer Questions
1. What did Robert Hollands learn from his study of young Mohawks?
Answer: Hollands learned that young Mohawks actively consume global youth culture and popular media, but they do so strategically in ways that will enforce and extend their Aboriginal identities.
2. What are the implications of sharing a common culture?
Answer: Sharing a common culture means that we learn not just a common language but, with that language, a common set of taken-for-granted assumptions about the social world.
3. What did printing transform?
Answer: Printing transformed techniques of reading, writing, and learning as well as the character of what was read, written, and learned
4. What is distinct about the Yurok of California's approach to eating?
Answer: The Yurok of California learned to eat with serious expressions on their faces and think about wealth.
5. What did David Harding's study highlight?