Quiz for Chapter 11
Multiple Choice Questions
1. For Parsons, cherished American values were under strain. What was his solution?
b) promoting moral values
Answer: B (Page 267)
2. Sociologists have never been able to ________.
a) come up with a unified theory to explain all social behaviour
b) entirely separate the individual from society
c) address criticisms from other disciplines
d) move past epistemological problems
Answer: B (Page 264)
3. ________ is the intentional, but nonetheless socially constrained, disposition of an individual social actor to act a certain way and to make a certain kind of sense out of the social world.
Answer: B (Page 272)
4. Sociologists who do not favour agency in their explanations of social life tend to focus on ________.
a) social structure
b) social norms
c) social stratification
d) social inequality
Answer: A (Page 262)
5. Which social thinker called for sociologists to locate sociology at the intersection of individual biography and larger social structures?
a) C. Wright Mills
b) George Herbert Mead
c) Max Weber
d) Talcott Parsons
Answer: A (Page 262)
True or False Questions
1. Families are an example of a social network tied together through bonding capital.
Answer: True (Page 281)
2. Network analysis is a cohesive and unified theory of social structure. .
Answer: False (Page 275)
3. Tensions rarely emerge between family caregivers over equity in caregiving
Answer: False (Page 283)
4. Functionalism is a neutral, value-free, objective method of sociological inquiry.
Answer: False (Page 267)
5. In Western societies there is clearly a strong ideological commitment to treat individual freedom and social structure as competing or even opposing ideals
Answer: True (Page 270)
Fill in the Blank Questions
1. Bourdieu says the habitus ________ us to behave in ways that tend to reproduce existing social practices
Answer: disposes (Page 273)
2. A friend of ________, Bourdieu translated the Canadian sociologist's works and the work of other North American sociologists into French.
Answer: Erving Goffman (Page 272)
3. Social systems include what we often call ________ but can also include other kinds of social units
Answer: societies (Page 270)
4. A second factor contributing to the changing structure of Canada's ________ has been a remarkable increase in life expectancy.
Answer: age pyramid (Page 277)
5. Despite the fact that the ________ are aging, they remain the largest population group in Canada.c
Answer: baby boomers (Page 280)
Short Answer Questions
1. How do structural functionalists view the acting individual?
Answer: For structural functionalists, the acting individual is almost irrelevant to social theory, while the structural elements of society are treated as self-propelling.
2. What is the difference between bonding social capital and bridging social capital?
Answer: Bonding social capital is based on strong and often intimate ties to each other. Bridging social capital is based on weak ties among network members.
3. What is social network analysis?
Answer: Social network analysis is a mathematical method used by sociologists for describing the patterns of social relations among and between individuals, groups, or other social collectivities.