Quiz for Chapter 14
Multiple Choice Questions
1. What achieved status corresponds to the sense of being male or female?
b) sexual identity
Answer: D (Page 344)
2. By the middle of the eighteenth century, physicians in Germany and France had begun to notice ________.
a) biological superiority of men
b) male–female sex differences
c) gender-based cognitive differences
d) that men begin as women
Answer: B (Page 350)
3. In the history of Western thought there have been some doubts about the existence of ________.
d) two sexes
Answer: D (Page 349)
True or False Questions
1. Early experiences and learning do not alter the chemistry and function of genes.
Answer: False (Page 357)
2. A child is born with this intersex syndrome only if he inherits the genetic code from both parents
Answer: True (Page 352)
3. Girls learn early on to fight in indirect, relational ways
Answer: True (Page 359)
Fill in the Blank Questions
1. Ideas of ________ played a pivotal role in the development of liberal political thought during the eighteenth century.
Answer: nature (Page 350)
2. Galen compared the ________ female organs to the eye of a mole.
Answer: degenerate (Page 349)
3. Genes are bundled together in each cell in 23 pairs of microscopic packages called ________.
Answer: chromosomes (Page 347)
Short Answer Questions
1. What did neuroscientist Michael J. Meaney and his colleagues at McGill University discover?
Answer: Neuroscientist Michael J. Meaney and his colleagues at McGill University discovered significant differences in response to stress and displays of anxiety amongst rat pups whose mothers had vigorously licked and groomed them during the first ten days of their lives compared to those pups whose mothers had rarely licked and groomed them.
2. Why did finding sex-based differences between males and females become a priority during the late-eighteenth century?
Answer: Finding sex-based differences between males and females became a priority during the late eighteenth century as a means of prescribing different gender roles for women and men within the social hierarchy.
3. During the Enlightenment, as the cause of equality was being promoted, what counter-appeal was being made?
Answer: A counter-appeal was being made that in fact not all humans were equal. According to this view, some were better suited to producing equality among themselves, while others were of a lesser order.