Gender, Race, and Racialization
1. Why does this section use the term “racialization” rather than “race”?
Answer: Because “racialization” draws attention to the socially constructed nature of racial categories which are created through social interactions (p.77)
2. Why does Razack describe the murder of Pamela George as a “fully colonial” act?
Answer: Because it involved two young white men engaged in both racial and gendered forms of domination over an Aboriginal woman (p.82)
3. Why does Razack claim that Kummerfeld and Ternowetsky’s friends and family members partook of a “shared whiteness” in their testimony?
Answer: Because they minimized the severity of the two boys’ actions and shared an understanding of Pamela George as a sexual object rather than a full human being (pp.85–86)
4. What details of George’s identity were the focus of media accounts of her trial?
Answer:Details which emphasized her connection to places of violence or criminality (as opposed to details which showed her connections to friends and family)
5. What role did the media play in developing the understanding of racial profiling on the part of Kitossa and Deliovsky’s male informants?
Answer: It provided them with vocabulary and ways of understanding their experiences (p.94)
6. According to Aujla, what racist concerns about Asian women’s reproductive practices were being circulated in early twentieth century Canada?
Answer: The concern that Asian women were excessively fertile and would have so many children that the white population would be overwhelmed (p.106)
7. What common conversational experience does Aujla cite as evidence that even second-generation South Asian Canadians are not regarded as being “really” Canadian?
Answer: The experience of being asked repeatedly “Where are you from?” (p.107)
8. Why does Aujla argue that racism has a deeper and more detrimental effect on second-generation South Asian Canadian women than on first-generation ones?
Answer: Because second-generation women have spent their entire lives as the racialized “other” (p.110)
9. In Creese’s study, what do African parents actively try to discourage among their children?
Answer: Liberal individualism and the “glorification of street life” (p.113)
10. Why do Creese’s participants believe that African-Canadian young men and boys are more likely to identify with media-representations of African-American culture than their female counterparts?
Answer: African-Canadian boys and men are more likely to be harassed or marginalized by mainstream white culture and are attracted to the oppositional stance they see in African-American music and media (also, the anti-female attitudes in some of this music and media deter girls and young women from developing enthusiasms for it) (p.116)
Multiple Choice Questions for Part III
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