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Part IX
Gender and the Media

Content Questions

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1. Why does Jiwani argue that news stories about “honour killings” get more media attention than stories about domestic violence?


2. Does Jiwani hold the Taliban solely responsible for women’s sufferings in Afghanistan?


3. How did the American government use the plight of Afghan women, according to Jiwani?


4. What image has been most often used by the North American media to suggest that Afghan women are becoming liberated?


5. What two sources does Jacques identify as the origins of the riot grrrl movement?


6. What is the “reach-out/sell-out” dilemma?


7. Why does Jacques argue that the t-shirts created by riot grrrls were different from the mas-marketed baby tees with riot grrrl slogans that appeared in stores?


8. What is “nation-branding,” according to Jackson?


9. Why does “the rant” depend on the idea of difference, according to Jackson?


10. What are “beer moments,” according to the advertising director quoted by Jackson?




Multiple Choice Questions for Part IX

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the “Submit my answers” button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:

a) An external threat
b) The active co-operation of the citizenry
c) Ideological apparatus
d) An internal threat
e) The dominant gender hierarchy

Question 2:

a) The innocence and purity of the women
b) The commitment to moral action of the men
c) A hegemonic ideal of masculinity
d) The “exotic” and “deviant” nature of the community
e) The frequency of violence

Question 3:

a) It was used to discourage American military intervention.
b) It was not considered worthy of armed response.
c) It was considered an internal cultural matter.
d) It was used to justify the invasion of Afghanistan.
e) It was ignored by mainstream media but reported by other sources.

Question 4:

a) Women discarding the veil
b) Women operating businesses and shops
c) Women taking up arms against the Taliban
d) Women speaking for themselves in the media
e) Both A and B

Question 5:

a) As a response to male domination of the commercial music scene
b) As a response to the sexism of the punk music scene
c) As a repudiation of mainstream feminism
d) As part of second-wave feminism
e) As a marketing promotion

Question 6:

a) They rejected the mainstream media.
b) They sought wider exposure through other media formats.
c) Some embraced mainstream media while others deliberately avoided it.
d) The more established groups rejected the media while the newer ones utilized it.
e) Both B and D

Question 7:

a) The use of “riot grrrl” as a trademark
b) The involvement of men in the riot grrrl movement
c) The proliferation of the term “grrrl” in contexts far removed from its origin
d) The declining visibility of riot grrrl music
e) The willingness of riot grrrl bands to be interviewed on television

Question 8:

a) Women’s sports are regarded as secondary to men’s.
b) Sport has been extensively underregulated.
c) Homophobia is central to professional sports.
d) Professional sports are spaces dominated by men.
e) Neither men nor women have a monopoly on hegemonic masculinity.

Question 9:

a) It is the top-selling beer in North America.
b) It is primarily consumed by men.
c) It has established itself as an explicitly Canadian beer.
d) It has been widely promoted by professional athletes.
e) It is popular with both women and men.

Question 10:

a) Hockey and baseball
b) Heteronormativity and nationalism
c) Sports success and alcohol
d) Friendship and competition
e) Relationships with women and dedication to sport