The Gender of Violence
1. Does Sanday believe that rape is a universal phenomenon across cultures?
Answer: No; Sanday believes that rape is present to different extents in different societies, depending on cultural variables. (p. 357)
2. According to Sanday’s research, why did fraternity rapes typically involve groups of men?
Answer: According to Sanday, fraternity rapes typically involve groups of men because rape is a way for men to create bonds with their fraternity brothers. (p. 363)
3. Among the Minangkabau, the “rape-free” society studied by Sanday, how much power do women have in daily life?
Answer: Women have a great deal of power in everyday life, as property is vested in the female line and husbands move to wives’ families. (p. 362)
4. What assumptions do other fraternity members make about “QRS”, the “rape-free” fraternity studied by Sanday?
Answer: The members of QRS are assumed to be homosexual because they do not encourage aggression towards women. (p. 364)
5. According to Dobash et al., what types of information have other researchers mustered to make the case that marital violence is gender-symmetrical?
Answer: Other researchers have mustered self-reports in surveys and national (US) homicide data to make the case that marital violence is gender-symmetrical. (p. 366)
6. How do Dobash et al. regard the claim that marital violence is perpetrated equally between men and women?
Answer: Dobash et al. believe the claim is exaggerated and does not take into account gendered differences in violence. (p. 367)/p>
7. Why are Dobash et al. critical of the emphasis on counting “acts” in the Conflict Tactics Scale?
Answer: They believe the emphasis on counting acts downplays the intents and motivations of the people who carry out the acts. (p. 370)
8. How did some Sri Lankan Tamil families attempt to ensure the safety of their daughters during the civil war, according to Guruge et al.?
Answer: Some families attempted to protect their daughters by sending them out of the country on their own. (p. 382)
9. How did Tamil families’ social networks change on arrival in Canada?
Answer: Families’ networks were smaller and less supportive in Canada compared to Sri Lanka. (p. 383)
10. Why does Namaste argue that gay-bashing is really about gender transgression?
Answer: Gays and lesbians who are attacked are often singled out for their transgressive gender presentation: masculine appearance and presentation for women; feminine appearance and presentation for men. (pp. 391–392)
Multiple Choice Questions for Part X
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