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Part X
The Gender of Violence

Content Questions

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1. Does Sanday believe that rape is a universal phenomenon across cultures?


2. According to Sanday’s research, why did fraternity rapes typically involve groups of men?


3. Among the Minangkabau, the “rape-free” society studied by Sanday, how much power do women have in daily life?


4. What assumptions do other fraternity members make about “QRS”, the “rape-free” fraternity studied by Sanday?


5. According to Dobash et al., what types of information have other researchers mustered to make the case that marital violence is gender-symmetrical?


6. How do Dobash et al. regard the claim that marital violence is perpetrated equally between men and women?


7. Why are Dobash et al. critical of the emphasis on counting “acts” in the Conflict Tactics Scale?


8. How did some Sri Lankan Tamil families attempt to ensure the safety of their daughters during the civil war, according to Guruge et al.?


9. How did Tamil families’ social networks change on arrival in Canada?


10. Why does Namaste argue that gay-bashing is really about gender transgression?




Multiple Choice Questions for Part X

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the “Submit my answers” button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:

a) No rape ever happens.
b) Rape is infrequent or never happens.
c) The culture’s language contains no word for the concept of rape.
d) Rape has been eliminated through public education.
e) Rape statistics are hidden from public records.

Question 2:

a) Broader strategies of male control over women
b) Uncontrolled sexual arousal
c) Repressed homosexuality
d) Individual pathology without cultural connection
e) The mixing of men and women outside of home and work settings

Question 3:

a) Gender ratios on campus
b) Social attitudes towards women
c) The presence (or absence) of bystanders
d) The use of alcohol
e) The influence of the feminist movement

Question 4:

a) Admission to parties is free to all men and women.
b) Heavy drinking is downplayed.
c) Homosexuality and bisexuality are accepted.
d) Women are seen as friends rather than as “party girls.”
e) All of the above

Question 5:

a) That men and women are equally violent
b) That reports that men and women are equally violent are a misrepresentation of data
c) That the level of abuse perpetrated by women has been rising in recent years
d) That men are no longer as violent as they were in the 1970s
e) That spousal homicide is not a good indicator of overall levels of violence

Question 6:

a) The CTS measures only violence perpetrated by men.
b) The CTS measures only acts, not the severity or frequency of the acts.
c) The CTS has been superseded by new methods for measuring violence.
d) It is impossible to measure violence on a numeric scale.
e) All of the above

Question 7:

a) The factors leading to immigration and refugee status
b) Individual psychological pathology
c) The cultural background of Sri Lankan Tamils
d) The social networks in which families are embedded
e) The experience of moving to Canada

Question 8:

a) As something that should be shared between men and women
b) As something that did not differ between Canada and Sri Lanka
c) As something that women were not obligated to undertake
d) As the main reason for their difficulties in Canada
e) As something for which women should be responsible

Question 9:

a) They are legally limited to certain neighbourhoods.
b) Transgenderism is restricted by law.
c) They do not conform to conventional ideas about the relationship between sex and gender.
d) They are homosexual in a heterosexual world.
e) Sex and gender and mutually dependent.

Question 10:

a) The police response was limited to only gay men.
b) Inadequate police resources were committed to the task.
c) The police response addressed violence on the basis of sexuality rather than gender identification.
d) It implied that LGBT individuals were responsible for violence directed against them.
e) LGBT individuals were not involved in the planning of the response.?