Higher Education

Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.

Social Research Methods, Fourth Canadian Edition: Chapter 02

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:

a) is typically used in a qualitative research methodology
b) is not concerned with the relationship of cause and effect
c) incorporates the possibility of alternative explanations
d) requires correlation

Question 2:

a) is aimed at extrapolation of data to a broad population
b) relies only on case studies for collecting data
c) focuses on collection of in-depth data related to particular social activity
d) is the best form of social research

Question 3:

a) is qualitative in nature
b) applies to broad populations outside of the research group
c) is concerned with proving correlations between data
d) requires a social group of five or more people to be valid

Question 4:

a) a key criterion for evaluating research projects
b) a measure of causality
c) achieving the same results if the research is repeated with the same measurement
d) the reason one would choose to use the classic experimental design

Question 5:

a) Internal validity
b) Construct validity
c) External validity
d) Correlative validity

Question 6:

a) its results are generalizable to the wider population
b) the researchers has established with reasonable certainty that there is a causal relationship between the variables
c) the researcher has shown that a particular indicator measures what it is supposed to measure
d) the researcher was able to replicate the study in its entirety

Question 7:

a) they use different research methods
b) they are mutually exclusive categories of research design
c) they both require a control group
d) they have different criteria for evaluation

Question 8:

a) have problems of internal validity
b) study three groups of subjects
c) manipulate independent variables
d) have problems of reliability

Question 9:

a) Transferability
b) Dependability
c) Credibility
d) Testability

Question 10:

a) provide patterns of association
b) gather data at three points of time
c) prove the relationship of causality
d) involve the manipulation of variables at one specific time

Question 11:

a) it cannot be replicated
b) it may be difficult to establish causal relationship from the data
c) it generally cannot be generalized to a wider population
d) it is generally not reliable

Question 12:

a) overcomes the “direction of causation” problem found in cross-sectional design
b) is considered one of the easiest forms of research design
c) requires data to be collected at least three times
d) never suffers from research subject attrition

Question 13:

a) longitudinal research is based on quantitative, while cross-sectional on qualitative methods
b) cross-sectional research is done at one point of time, while longitudinal research is completed at two or more points in time
c) cross-sectional research studies communities, while longitudinal research studies cases
d) the goal of cross-sectional design is explanation, while the goal of longitudinal result is description

Question 14:

a) can be used to support a hypothesis
b) can be used to critique the conclusion drawn from research gathered through a classic experimental design
c) may provide comparative data from an extreme set of circumstances to better understand common cases
d) all of the above

Question 15:

a) it helps establish causal relationships between the variables
b) it illustrates how social scientific studies can be culturally specific
c) it provides a full explanation of two or more cases
d) it always provides adequate comparisons

Question 16:

a) True
b) False

Question 17:

a) True
b) False

Question 18:

a) True
b) False

Question 19:

a) True
b) False

Question 20:

a) True
b) False

Question 21:

a) True
b) False

Question 22:

a) True
b) False

Question 23:

a) True
b) False

Question 24:

a) True
b) False

Question 25:

a) True
b) False

Question 26:

a) True
b) False

Question 27:

a) True
b) False

Question 28:

a) True
b) False

Question 29:

a) True
b) False

Question 30:

a) True
b) False