Higher Education

Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.

Sociology, 4e: Chapter 16

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:

a) social capital
b) allopathic
c) social determinants
d) naturopathic
e) social variables

Question 2:

a) Allopathic
b) Naturopathic
c) Chiropractic
d) Homeopathic
e) Alternative

Question 3:

a) Health is necessary for the smooth running of the social system.
b) Health and ill-health result from inequitable and oppressive economic conditions.
c) In a stable society, all institutional forces work together to create and maintain good health for the population.
d) Societies are organized to support a population up to an average life expectancy and at a given level of health and ability.
e) A normative standard of health and age at death are reinforced by political, economic, cultural, and educational policy.

Question 4:

a) Morbidity rate
b) Life expectancy
c) Rate of infection
d) Mortality rate
e) Cure rate

Question 5:

a) The right to be exempted from normal social roles
b) The right to be free of blame or responsibility for the sickness
c) The duty to get well
d) The right of those with a chronic disease to accept their condition and learn to live with it
e) The duty to cooperate with technically-competent help

Question 6:

a) The development of capitalism forced farm workers off the land and into the cities to survive.
b) Capitalists in the cities sought profit regardless of the cost to the well-being of the workers.
c) Owners maintained low costs through poor working conditions and long hours of hard labour in unhealthy circumstances.
d) Only men worked in poor working conditions in unhealthy circumstances while their wives stayed at home to take care of the children.
e) The slum-like living conditions were perfect breeding grounds for all sorts of diseases.

Question 7:

a) Functionalist
b) Conflict
c) Interpretive
d) Feminist
e) Postmodern

Question 8:

a) that it is largely a women’s disease and is therefore not given the serious and systematic research attention that it would have received had it been primarily a male disease
b) the growing use of makeup since the 1950s
c) the increasing use of chemicals in the products we use and consume
d) increasing pollution in our environment
e) all of the above

Question 9:

a) Wars result in death, disability, and rape.
b) Wars lead to destruction in food production, storage, and distribution systems.
c) Wars limit access to water and electricity.
d) Wars lead to chronic and acute psychological trauma and distress.
e) All of the above

Question 10:

a) Improved nutrition
b) Better hygiene through sanitation
c) Medical interventions such as antibiotics or immunization
d) Better hygiene through water purification practices
e) Advances in birth controls

Question 11:

a) Heart and kidney disease
b) Influenza
c) Bronchitis
d) Pneumonia
e) Diseases of early infancy

Question 12:

a) Declines in smoking
b) Reduced intake of dietary fats
c) Improvements in exercise
d) Better medical treatments
e) All of the above

Question 13:

a) In an international context, HIV/AIDS is almost as common among heterosexual women as among men.
b) In sub-Saharan Africa, more men than women are HIV-positive.
c) Children who are orphaned because of AIDS are more susceptible to becoming infected by HIV/AIDS.
d) HIV/AIDS is overrepresented among Aboriginal people and black Canadians.
e) Sexual intercourse, needle-sharing, and mother-to-fetus transmission are currently the most common means of transmission.

Question 14:

a) Stan and Frank Koebel, who worked for the Public Utilities Commission and were not required to take any courses or pass any examinations for continued certification
b) the Ministry of the Environment, which failed in its responsibility to regulate or to enforce regulations pertaining to the construction and operation of municipal water systems
c) budget reductions at the provincial level, which led to the privatization of lab testing
d) budget reductions at the provincial level, which led to the failure to regulate the reporting responsibilities of private labs whenever unsafe water was detected and to ensure that proactive water quality interventions were made
e) all of the above

Question 15:

a) In 2012 about one-half of Aboriginal children living on reserves funded by the federal government were living in poverty.
b) Poor women are more likely to bear low-birth-weight babies.
c) Low birth weight is associated with many negative health, disability, learning, and behavioural effects.
d) Canadian health policy continues to involve substantial investments in community-level interventions such as guaranteed annual wage, job creation, a national daycare program, and proactive prenatal care for low-income mothers, rather than in the health-ca
e) Children born in the poorest neighbourhoods in Canada live shorter lives.

Question 16:

a) eating and drinking wisely
b) avoiding serious threats to health such as cigarette-smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
c) engaging in prescribed early detection
d) getting medical attention immediately and taking advantage of the most sophisticated and effective new treatments
e) all of the above

Question 17:

a) life is basically comprehensible, understandable, and predictable
b) there are sufficient resources for the individual to be able to cope with whatever circumstances arise
c) life makes sense or has meaning
d) they can manage life experience in a positive manner and establish a basis for resisting disease and handling suffering
e) all of the above

Question 18:

a) It is decreasing among children.
b) It is increasing among adults.
c) It is associated with premature morbidity and death from diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers.
d) It is caused by our sedentary lifestyle, typified by television viewing and computer games.
e) It is caused by the consumption of fast foods.

Question 19:

a) choice
b) despair
c) secondary gain
d) message of the body
e) communication

Question 20:

a) despair
b) message of the body
c) communication
d) metaphor
e) secondary gain

Question 21:

a) Universality
b) Portability
c) Profitability
d) Comprehensive coverage
e) Administration

Question 22:

a) costs more
b) pays lower salaries to staff
c) incurs higher administration costs
d) does not provide higher-quality care or greater access
e) all of the above

Question 23:

a) Expansion of what in life and in a person is relevant to medicine
b) Maintenance of absolute control over certain technical procedures by the allopathic medical profession
c) Focus on the biomechanics of the human body
d) Maintenance of almost absolute access to certain areas by the medical profession
e) Spread of medicine’s relevance to an increasingly large portion of living

Question 24:

a) Medicalization
b) Disease mongering
c) Illness communication
d) Disease politics
e) Evidence-based medicine

Question 25:

a) Evidence-based
b) Allopathic
c) Homeopathic
d) Naturopathic
e) Alternative