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Sociology, 4e: Chapter 17

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:

a) The happiness offered by religion is illusory and it distracts people from seeking real happiness.
b) Religion must be abolished.
c) Oppressed people should turn to religion to overcome their troubles.
d) Capitalists use religion to oppress the lower classes.
e) Religion offers solace in the after-life rather than encouraging change in this life.

Question 2:

a) Liberation theology
b) Marxist theology
c) Communist theology
d) Secular theology
e) Christian theology

Question 3:

a) Mainstream Christianity
b) Roman Catholicism
c) United Church of Canada
d) Anglican Church of Canada
e) All of the above

Question 4:

a) Peter Beyer
b) Reginald Bibby
c) Meredith McGuire
d) Robert Bellah
e) Naomi Goldenberg

Question 5:

a) Jewish
b) Muslim
c) Sikh
d) Hindu
e) all of the above

Question 6:

a) Hindu
b) Muslim
c) Buddhist
d) Christian
e) A, B, and C above

Question 7:

a) Religion contributes to social cohesion.
b) Society divides the world into the sacred and the profane.
c) Civil religion forms an overarching framework that supports a cohesive society.
d) The separating out of religion as something distinct from everyday life is a Christian approach to thinking about spirituality and religion.
e) Religion can provide social control and support for the government.

Question 8:

a) Raelians with children make no effort to transmit the message to them.
b) Children cannot be baptized until at least age 15.
c) Children must pass a test to prove that their choice was not due to parental influence or pressure.
d) There are no power struggles among the Raelians.
e) Raelians promote the ethic of individual choice.

Question 9:

a) After the Enlightenment, science gradually replaced religion.
b) As religion loses its influence, it has less and less presence in social institutions such as law, education, and health care.
c) Before the Enlightenment, society was very religious and everyone participated in religious activity.
d) Before the Enlightenment, state and church were one and the same.
e) All of the above

Question 10:

a) In some provinces, access to abortion is severely limited because of the insistence of religious lobby groups.
b) In court, witnesses still swear to tell the truth on the bible.
c) Public institutions close on Christian holidays such as Christmas and Easter.
d) More children go to public schools than Catholic schools.
e) Religious schools, such as Catholic schools, receive funding from the government.

Question 11:

a) believing without belonging
b) persistence
c) secularization
d) religious belief rather than practice
e) deprivatization of religion

Question 12:

a) The Roman Catholic Church played an enormous role in the lives of Quebec citizens at a personal level as well as institutionally.
b) Schools, hospitals, and much of public life was intertwined with the Church.
c) Quebecers gained control over the economy and other major social institutions, including culture, politics, and government.
d) Most public officials were Roman Catholic.
e) Business became a British domain, while agriculture, religion, and politics became a French domain.

Question 13:

a) legal
b) concerted adjustment
c) substantive rational
d) affirmative action
e) human rights

Question 14:

a) 2(a) and 15
b) 27 and 29
c) 1(b) and 25
d) 31 and 35
e) 3(c) and 10

Question 15:

a) The choice to wear a hijab created a newfound sense of freedom from strict parents.
b) They claim that once your community knows that you are acting like a Muslim woman, you are much freer.
c) It was a strategy to generate respect.
d) It opened opportunities to discuss their Muslim beliefs and to dispel prejudices and misconceptions.
e) All of the above

Question 16:

a) Naomi Goldenberg
b) Mary Daly
c) Wendy Griffin
d) Nason-Clark and Kroeger
e) Alkhateeb and Abugideiri

Question 17:

a) hesitant
b) more likely than those from non-religious communities
c) just as likely as those from non-religious communities
d) less likely than those from non-religious communities
e) both A and D

Question 18:

a) the women’s aim was to show Canada that they are fully aware of their lifestyle choice
b) the women enjoy sharing their husbands even though they admit polygamy is illegal in Canada
c) the women will use Canada’s Charter of Rights and Freedoms to argue that plural marriage is covered by their freedom of religion
d) the women believe that plural marriages come with various benefits, such as pooling resources and talent and higher household incomes
e) all of the above

Question 19:

a) Defining marriage as a historically religious institution is accurate.
b) Defining marriage as a historically religious institution is a common argument promoted by religious interest groups who seek to preserve the heterosexual institution of marriage.
c) The Supreme Court of Canada rejected the divinely mandated purpose of marriage.
d) It is now legally possible for same-sex couples to marry in Canada.
e) It is now legally possible for officials of religious groups to choose not to perform marriages that are not in accordance with their religious beliefs.