UNIT 3: A Changing Society
New TechnologyPage 188: New Inventions at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
- BBC World Service: My Century
This interactive and informative site offers a history of various inventions, scientific breakthroughs, and health advances made in the twentieth century.
- PBS Kids – Technology in 1900
Look through this interactive site profiling the inventions that were all the rage in 1900 – like the automobile and the movies.
- Time Magazine: The Astonishing 20th Century
This article discusses the many advancements in science and technology over the course of the twentieth century.
Working in the FactoryPage 191: Working Conditions at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
- Virtual Museum Canada: Canadian Labour History
This interactive site takes you through information on working communities and real life experiences of workers in Canada during the Industrial Revolution. Relevant sections include “Beginnings,” “Workers Unite,” and “Labour’s Revolt.”
- BBC – Legacies (UK History Local to You): Factory work in Victorian Lancashire
This article discusses factory life and working conditions in the early twentieth century, using Lancashire as an example. Please note that even though the author is listed at the bottom of every page, this article is several pages long.
Street RailwayPage 193: History of Public Transportation in Canada
- University of Manitoba: Canadian Street Railways
Here you can view pictures of all the early street railways in most cities throughout Canada. You can also learn if it was steam, electric, or animal powered and when it operated.”
- City of Toronto: TTC History
See pictures and read about the history of the Toronto Transit Commission – one of the first public transportation systems in the country.
Documenting and Citing SourcesPage 195: APA style
- The University of British Columbia: Getting Started with APA Style
This site explains how to use APA format and gives examples as well.
- APA Formatting and Style Guide
This is another site with simple explanations of using APA style.
Aboriginal Baby BoomPage 199: Aboriginal Baby Boom and Modern Aboriginal Youth Culture
- Aboriginal Canada Portal – Youth
Look here for news, events and information for and about Aboriginal youth.
- SAY Magazine
Aboriginal people are the fastest growing group in Canada. This baby boom is creating huge potential for bringing more Aboriginal workers into the workforce. Read here to learn more.
Child LabourPage 204: Child Labour in Canada
- CBC: Child Labour in Canada
Child labour laws are very strict today compared to what they were in the past. Read about the impact of work on today’s Canadian children.
- Virtual Museum: Working Children
Read this interview with a child-worker at the turn of the twentieth Century in Canada.
- Victorian Web: Child Labour
Read here to learn why children were used to work in factories during the Victorian era’s Industrial Revolution.
Free the ChildrenPage 205: Free the Children
- Free the Children
This is the main site for Free the Children, the anti-child labour organization created by Canadian Craig Kielburger when he was in the seventh grade.
- Oprah.com: Free the Children
Read about what inspired Craig Kielburger to begin this organization. You can also read excerpts from his two books.
Immigrant WorkersPage 208: Immigration to Canada at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
- Canadian Council for Refugees: 100 Years of Immigration to Canada
View a timeline with short annotations about the various groups who immigrated to Canada from 1900.
- The Ship’s List
This is an easy-to-read chart that documents the numbers of immigrants of various ethnic groups that arrived in Canada in the early 1900s.
Women and WorkPage 218: Women and Work at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
- Some Facts and Dates in Canadian Women’s History of the 20th Century
A list of landmarks in the rights of Canadian women over the last 100 years. Includes advances in the rights of women in the workplace.
- Cornell University: The Triangle Factory Fire
Many women worked in factories in horrible conditions. Look through the stories, photos and history of a terrible fire that occurred in New York City in 1911 – an event that forced changes to be made in the workplace.
Women in the ArtsPage 221: Emily Carr and Pauline Johnson
- Virtual Museum: Vancouver Art Gallery – Emily Carr
Learn about the life of Emily Carr and view much of her artwork.
- Library and Archives Canada: Canadian Poetry Archive
Here you can read about the life of poet Pauline Johnson (Tekahionwake), and also read some of her poetry.
Women and Social ReformPage 224: Early Women’s Social Reform Groups
- Women of Aspenland
Learn about early women’s groups in early twentieth century Alberta.
- McGill Archives: Little Burgundy
Read a short history of Montreal’s Little Burgundy, a working-class, mostly African-Canadian, neighbourhood that grew because of nearby Industrialization.
Waves of FeminismPage 225: First- and Second-Wave Feminism
- Manitoba University: Famous Canadian Women
Read biographies of famous Canadian women involved in both first- and second-wave feminism.
Fighters for the VotePage 228: Nellie McClung and Other Suffragists
- CBC Archives: Nellie McClung’s Mock Parliament
Watch this CBC video clip about Nellie McClung’s mock parliament speech where she turned the gender-tables on parliament to make a point for treating women equally.
- TimeLinks: The Women’s Parliament
Read and learn more about The Women’s Parliament of 1914.
- The Famous Five – Heroes for Today
Read about five Canadian women who fought for the right for women to be considered people in Canada.
Canada and the War in South AfricaPage 243: Canada’s Role in the South African War (Boer War)
- War Museum: Canada and the South African War
Learn about Canada’s involvement in the Boer War in South Africa including the battles, uniforms, equipment, awards and personalities involved.
- The Loyal Edmonton Regiment Museum: The Boer War
A short outline about the Boer War can be found here. You can also see a movie clip of soldier’s marching to war and a primary document describing a volunteer’s experience in the trenches.
Laurier DefeatedPage 234: Prime Ministers Wilfrid Laurier and Robert Borden
- Sir Wilfrid Laurier
- Sir Robert Borden
Library and Archives Canada: First among Equals
Everything you ever wanted to know about the lives of these Prime Ministers’ lives – from political to private – can be found on these sites chock-full of information and pictures.
Using Information Communication Technology to Show Your LearningPage 235: Heritage Minutes
- Historica: History by the Minute
Historica Heritage Minutes: you sometimes see them on TV during commercials. Here’s the source for all the video clips showing various aspects of Canada’s history.
Canada at WarPage 238: Canada’s Role in the First World War
- The Memory Project Digital Archive: World War I
Sift through photos, artifacts, diary entries, and sound clips that cover experiences people had enlisting and fighting in World War I both abroad and at home.
- Veterans Affairs Canada: Canada and the First World War – Valour Remembered
Explore the various fronts fought in the war. Also learn about the war in the air and at sea on this site honouring the men and women who fought in the war.
Canada and the CommonwealthPage 239: Commonwealth Websites
- Commonwealth Secretariat
This is the official website for the commonwealth counties. You can explore such issues as democracy, education, law, human rights, and economics.
- Young Commonwealth
This is the site for information, games, quizzes and history about the commonwealth countries – but it’s presented in a fun, interactive way. Check it out!