The late Herbert W. Jackson, Dale Temple, Brian Kelly, Karen Craigs and Lauren Fuentes

**Note: **Each chapter includes:

- Key Terms

- Learning Outcomes

- Summary

- Problems

- Review Questions

- Integrate the Concepts

- Practice Quiz

**Part I: The Basic Electric Circuit **

1. Introduction

1-1 Circuit Diagrams

1-2 The International System of
Units

1-3 Calculators for Circuit Theory

1-4 Numerical Accuracy

1-5 Scientific Notation

1-6 SI Unit Prefixes

1-7 Conversion of Units

**2. Current and Voltage **

2-1 The Nature of Charge

2-2 Free Electrons in Metals

2-3 Electric Current

2-4 The Coulomb

2-5 The Ampere

2-6 Potential Difference

2-7 The Volt

2-8 EMF, Potential Difference, and Voltage

2-9 Conventional Current and Electron Flow

**3. Conductors, Insulators, and Semiconductors **

3-1 Conductors

3-2 Electrolytic Conduction

3-3 Insulators

3-4
Insulator Breakdown

3-5 Semiconductors

**4. Cells, Batteries, and Other Voltage Sources **

4-1 Basic Terminology

4-2 Simple Primary Cell

4-3 Carbon-Zinc and Alkaline Cells

4-4 Secondary Cells

4-5 Capacity of Cells and Batteries

4-6 Fuel Cells

4-7 Other
Voltage Sources

**5. Resistance and Ohm's Law **

5-1 Ohm's Law

5-2 The Nature of Resistance

5-3 Factors Governing Resistance

5-4 Resistivity

5-5 Circular Mils

5-6 American Wire Gauge

5-7 Effect of Temperature on Resistance

5-8 Temperature Coefficient of
Resistance

5-9 Linear Resistors

5-10 Nonlinear Resistors

5-11 Resistor Colour Code

5-12 Variable Resistors

5-13 Voltage-Current Characteristics

5-14 Applying Ohm's Law

**6. Work and Power **

6-1 Energy and Work

6-2 Power

6-3 Efficiency

6-4 The
Kilowatt Hour

6-5 Relationships Among Basic Electric Units

6-6 Heating Effect of Current

**Part II: Resistance Networks **

7. Series and Parallel Circuits

7-1 Resistors in Series

7-2 Voltage Drops in Series Circuits

7-3 Double-Subscript Notation

7-4
Kirchhoff's Voltage Law

7-5 Characteristics of Series Circuits

7-6 Internal Resistance

7-7 Cells in Series

7-8 Maximum Power Transfer

7-9 Resistors in Parallel

7-10 Kirchhoff's Current Law

7-11 Conductance and Conductivity

7-12 Characteristics of Parallel
Circuits

7-13 Cells in Parallel

7-14 Troubleshooting

**8. Series-Parallel Circuits **

8-1 Series-Parallel Resistors

8-2 Equivalent-Circuit Method

8-3 Kirchhoff's Laws Method

8-4 Voltage-Divider Principle

8-5 Voltage Dividers

8-6 Current-Divider Principle

8-7 Cells in Series-Parallel

**9. Resistance Networks **

9-1 Network Equations from Kirchhoff's Laws

9-2 Constant-Voltage Sources

9-3 Constant-Current Sources

9-4 Source Conversion

9-5 Kirchhoff's Voltage-Law Equations: Loop Procedure

9-6 Networks with More
Than One Voltage Source

9-7 Mesh Analysis

9-8 Kirchhoff's Current-Law Equations

9-9 Nodal Analysis

9-10 The Superposition Theorem

**10. Equivalent-Circuit Theorems **

10-1 Thévenin's Theorem

10-2 Norton's Theorem

10-3 Dependent Sources

10-4 Delta-Wye
Transformation

10-5 Troubleshooting

**11. Electrical Measurement **

11-1 Moving-Coil Meters

11-2 The Ammeter

11-3 The Voltmeter

11-4 Voltmeter Loading Effect

11-5 Resistance Measurement

11-6 The Electrodynamometer Movement

11-7 Multimeters

**Part III:**
**Capacitance and Inductance **

12. Capacitance

12-1 Electric Fields

12-2 Dielectrics

12-3 Capacitance

12-4 Capacitors

12-5 Factors Governing Capacitance

12-6 Dielectric Constant

12-7 Capacitors in Parallel

12-8 Capacitors in Series

**13. Capacitance in DC**
**Circuits **

13-1 Charging a Capacitor

13-2 Rate of Change of Voltage

13-3 Time Constant

13-4 Graphical Solution for Capacitor Voltage

13-5 Discharging a Capacitor

13-6 Algebraic Solution for Capacitor Voltage

13-7 Transient Response

13-8 Energy Stored by a
Capacitor

13-9 Characteristics of Capacitive DC Circuits

13-10 Troubleshooting

**14 Magnetism**

14-1 Magnetic Fields

14-2 Magnetic Field around a Current-Carrying Conductor

14-3 Magnetic Flux

14-4 Magnetomotive Force

14-5 Reluctance

14-6 Permeance and
Permeability

14-7 Magnetic Flux Density

14-8 Magnetic Field Strength

14-9 Diamagnetic, Paramagnetic, and Ferromagnetic Materials

14-10 Permanent Magnets

14-11 Magnetization Curves

14-12 Permeability from the BH Curve

14-13 Hysteresis

14-14 Eddy Current

14-15 Magnetic Shielding

**15. Magnetic Circuits **

15-1 Practical Magnetic Circuits

15-2 Long Air-Core Coils

15-3 Toroidal Coils

15-4 Linear Magnetic Circuits

15-5 Nonlinear Magnetic Circuits

15-6 Leakage Flux

15-7 Series Magnetic Circuits

15-8 Air
Gaps

15-9 Parallel Magnetic Circuits

**16. Inductance **

16-1 Electromagnetic Induction

16-2 Faraday's Law

16-3 Lenz's Law

16-4 Self-Induction

16-5 Self-Inductance

16-6 Factors Governing Inductance

16-7 Inductors in Series

16-8 Inductors in Parallel

16-9 The DC Generator

16-10 EMF Equation

16-11 The DC Motor

16-12 Speed and Torque of a DC Motor

16-13 Types of DC Motors

16-14 Speed Characteristics of DC Motors

16-15 Torque Characteristics of DC Motors

16-16 Permanent Magnet and Brushless DC Motors

**17.**
**Inductance in DC Circuits **

17-1 Conductors

17-2 Current in an Ideal Inductor

17-3 Rise of Current in a Practical Inductor

17-4 Time Constant

17-5 Graphical Solution for Inductor Current

17-6 Algebraic Solution for Inductor Current

17-7 Energy Stored by an
Inductor

17-8 Fall of Current in an Inductive Circuit

17-9 Algebraic Solution for Discharge Current

17-10 Transient Response

17-11 Characteristics of Inductive DC Circuits

17-12 Troubleshooting

**Part IV: Alternating Current **

18. Alternating Current

18-1 A
Simple Generator

18-2 The Nature of the Induced Voltage

18-3 The Sine Wave

18-4 Peak Value of a Sine Wave

18-5 Instantaneous Value of a Sine Wave

18-6 The Radian

18-7 Instantaneous Current in a Resistor

18-8 Instantaneous Power in a Resistor

18-9 Periodic
Waves

18-10 Average Value of a Periodic Wave

18-11 RMS Value of a Sine Wave

**19. Reactance **

19-1 Instantaneous Current in an Ideal Inductor

19-2 Inductive Reactance

19-3 Factors Governing Inductive Reactance

19-4 Instantaneous Current in a Capacitor

19-5
Capacitive Reactance

19-6 Factors Governing Capacitive Reactance

19-7 Resistance, Inductive

Reactance, and Capacitive Reactance

**20. Phasors **

20-1 Addition of Sine Waves

20-2 Addition of Instantaneous Values

20-3 Representing a Sine Wave by a Phasor Diagram

20-4 Letter Symbols for Phasor Quantities

20-5 Phasor Addition by Geometrical Construction

20-6 Addition of Perpendicular Phasors

20-7 Expressing Phasors with Complex Numbers

20-8 Phasor Addition Using Rectangular Coordinates

20-9 Subtraction of Phasor
Quantities

20-10 Multiplication and Division of Phasor Quantities

**21. Impedance **

21-1 Resistance and Inductance in Series

21-2 Impedance

21-3 Practical Inductors

21-4 Resistance and Capacitance in Series

21-5 Resistance, Inductance, and Capacitance in Series

21-6 Resistance, Inductance, and Capacitance in Parallel

**22. Power in Alternating-Current Circuits **

22-1 Power in a Resistor

22-2 Power in an Ideal Inductor

22-3 Power in a Capacitor

22-4 Power in a Circuit Containing Resistance and Reactance

22-5 The Power
Triangle

22-6 Power Factor

22-7 Power-Factor - Correction

**Part V: Impedance Networks **

23. Series and Parallel Impedances

23-1 Resistance and Impedance

23-2 Impedances in Series

23-3 Impedances in Parallel

23-4 Series-Parallel Impedances

23-5 Source
Conversion

**24. Impedance Networks **

24-1 Loop Equations

24-2 Mesh Equations

24-3 Superposition Theorem

24-4 Thévenin's Theorem

24-5 Norton's Theorem

24-6 Nodal Analysis

24-7 Delta-Wye Transformation

**25. Resonance **

25-1 Effect of Varying Frequency in
a Series RLC Circuit

25-2 Series Resonance

25-3 Quality Factor

25-4 Resonant Rise of Voltage

25-5 Selectivity

25-6 Ideal Parallel- Resonant Circuits

25-7 Practical Parallel- Resonant Circuits

25-8 Selectivity of Parallel- Resonant Circuits

**26. Passive**
**Filters **

26-1 Filters

26-2 Frequency Response Graphs

26-3 RC Low-Pass Filters

26-4 RL Low-Pass Filters

26-5 RC High-Pass Filters

26-6 RL High-Pass Filters

26-7 Band-Pass Filters

26-8 Band-Stop Filters

26-9 Practical Application of Filters

26-10
Troubleshooting

**27. Transformers **

27-1 Transformer Action

27-2 Transformation Ratio

27-3 Impedance Transformation

27-4 Leakage Reactance

27-5 Open-Circuit and Short-Circuit Tests

27-6 Transformer Efficiency

27-7 Effect of Loading a Transformer

27-8
Autotransformers

27-9 Troubleshooting

**28. Coupled Circuits **

28-1 Determining Coupling Network Parameters

28-2 Open-Circuit Impedance Parameters

28-3 Short-Circuit Admittance Parameters

28-4 Hybrid Parameters

28-5 Air-Core Transformers

28-6 Mutual Inductance

28-7 Coupled Impedance

**29. Three-Phase Systems **

29-1 Advantages of Polyphase Systems

29-2 Generation of Three- Phase Voltages

29-3 Double-Subscript Notation

29-4 Four-Wire Wye- Connected System

29-5 Delta-Connected Systems

29-6 Wye-Delta System

29-7
Power in a Balanced Three-Phase System

29-8 Phase Sequence

29-9 Unbalanced Three- Wire Wye Loads

29-10 Power in an Unbalanced Three-Phase System **NEW**

29-11 The AC Generator

29-12 Three-Phase Induction Motor

29-13 Three-Phase Synchronous Motor

29-14 Single-Phase
Motors

29-15 Sequence and the 30 degree Difference between Delta-Wye Configurations **NEW**

**30. Harmonics **

30-1 Nonsinusoidal Waves

30-2 Fourier Series

30-3 Addition of Harmonically Related Sine Waves

30-4 Generation of Harmonics

30-5 Harmonics in an Amplifier

30-6 Harmonics in an Iron- Core Transformer

30-7 RMS Value of a Nonsinusoidal Wave

30-8 Square Waves and Sawtooth Waves

30-9 Nonsinusoidal Waves in Linear Impedance Networks

**Appendices: **

1. Determinants

2. Calculus Derivations

2-1 Maximum Power- Transfer
Theorem

2-2 Instantaneous Voltage in a CR Circuit

2-3 Energy Stored by a Capacitor

2-4 Instantaneous Current in an LR Circuit

2-5 Energy Stored by an Inductor

2-6 RMS and Average Values of a Sine Wave

2-7 Inductive Reactance

2-8 Capacitive Reactance

2-9
General Transformer Equation

2-10 Maximum Transformer Efficiency

3. Multisim Schematic Capture and Simulation

Answers to Selected

Problems

Glossary

Photo Credits

Index

**Ancillary Resource Center:**

**Interactive Exercises, Animations, and Videos:**

- Indicated by an in-text icon, these interactive circuit examples, animations, and videos help students see and interact with the concepts they are learning in
the text

- **Over 100 Multisim circuit simulations** directly related to problems and examples in the book

**Instructor's Manual:**

- Sample course outlines and lesson plans

- Hints for conducting labs

- Suggestions for creating assignments and exams

- Additional information on
key topics

**PowerPoint Slides:**

- Lecture outline slides with summaries, key equations, illustrations, problems, and graphics taken from the text

**Test Generator:**

A wealth of additional questions suitable for tests and exams

- Multiple choice questions

- True-or-false
questions

- Short answer questions

**Instructor Solutions Manual:**

- Available to instructors on the ARC

- Solutions to all end-of-chapter problems, including Integrate the Concepts exercises, as well as theoretical lab results and solutions to the exercises in the Lab Manual

**Lab Manual**

**ISBN 9780199031467**

- Free with a new copy of the text or can be purchased separately

- With enough labs to cover a typical semester, this indispensable resource gives students hands-on experience through experiments carefully linked to the chapter material

**E-Book**
**ISBN 9780199031474**

**Looseleaf ISBN 9780199034703**

**Herbert W. Jackson** was an instructor of electronics and electrical engineering technology at Ryerson Polytechnical Institute. He is known as the "father of the Ontario college system."

**Dale Temple** is formerly an instructor of electronics engineering technology at the College of the
North Atlantic.

**Brian Kelly** is formerly an instructor of electronics engineering technology at the College of the North Atlantic.

**Karen Craigs** is an instructor of electronics engineering technology.

**Lauren Fuentes **is an instructor of electronics engineering
technology at Durham College and serves as the coordinator of Durham College's Electronics Engineering Technician program.