We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more
Montreal's Night Mayor
Montreal’s Night-Mayor on his Ghostly Rounds (Dedicated to the Board of Health)
Henri Julien
Ink on paper - Photolithography
© McCord Museum
The McCord's Terms and Conditions specify that if you post a McCord image on an external website, the image must link back to its source page on the McCord web site:

Epidemics were a reoccurring feature of life in colonial Canada and hit certain populations—such as First Nations and working-class people—especially hard. Limited and often ineffective government responses, a lack of understanding of how diseases were spread, poverty, and poor sanitation in cities and workplaces were all factors that contributed to high death rates when epidemics struck. Prior to the late nineteenth century, many believed that epidemic diseases were caused by “miasma” or vapours in the air. Understanding of how a disease could be spread or how immunity to it could be derived, as was the case for smallpox, did not necessarily entail a dramatic drop in mortality or morbidity rates.