Higher Education

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Study Questions: Chapter 4

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Multiple Choice Questions

1. Methods for paragraph development are often referred to as ________.
a) methodological patterns
b) development patterns
c) paragraph patterns
d) organizational patterns

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2. Tracing a topic’s development over time is a ________ method of development.
a) chronological
b) cause and effect
c) definition
d) narration

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3. A story can be used in an essay to ________.
a) lend drama to the argument
b) illustrate a point
c) reinforce or introduce a topic
d) All of the above

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4. A ________ essay focuses on the step-by-step stages of a process.
a) chronological
b) personal
c) process-analysis
d) descriptive

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5. When a writer is arguing that the costs of a specific topic outweigh the benefits, the writer should __________.
a) consider the costs first and then the benefits
b) consider the benefits first and then the costs
c) exclude any discussion of benefits
d) state the strongest argument first

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6. The ________ method uses concrete examples to support a point in an essay.
a) question-answer
b) cost-benefit
c) example/illustration
d) definition

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7. The problem-solution method of development is particularly common in the ________.
a) humanities
b) sciences
c) social sciences
d) None of the above

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8. A(n) __________ method of development compares two different objects that have only one thing in common.
a) analogy
b) cost-benefit
c) comparison and contrast
d) example/illustration

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9. Asking “How can it be told?” of a topic leads to a(n) ________ method of development.
a) description
b) narration
c) definition
d) example/illustration

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10. When a writer applies the comparison and contrast method, he or she begins by first finding ________.
a) logical bases of comparison
b) research
c) logical bases of identification
d) logical bases of narration

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Short Answer Questions

1. The __________ can determine which method of development to use in organizing an essay.

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2. 2. A __________ essay focuses on an aspect of the writer’s life or a relevant experience.

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3. __________ can allow a writer to convey precisely what he or she will discuss.

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4. The __________ method looks back to a topic’s timeline and traces its development over time.

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5. Description should play a __________ role in an argument.

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6. Narration can help __________ a point.

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7. One of the best ways to support a point is to provide a concrete __________.

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8. Because all things come with positive or negative consequences, the __________ method can be applied to almost any topic.

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9. A comparison between two objects to better understand the initial object or idea is called __________.

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10. The process of __________ organizes a large number of items into more manageable groups.

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