Cognition, Sixth Edition: Chapter 02

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) the brain can heal itself after injury
b) the brain is purely modular in nature
c) injuries to specific areas of the brain can sometimes lead to deficits in specific cognitive mechanisms
d) the areas associating location and function of phrenology were correct

Question 2:


a) law of mass action
b) law of equipotentiality
c) law of mass differentials
d) law of mass effect

Question 3:


a) Isomorphism; parallelism
b) Interactionism; parallelism
c) Parallelism; interactionism
d) Epiphenomenalism; isomorphism

Question 4:


a) telling us about the structure and function of the human brain
b) using measures such as reaction time to inform on cognitive functions
c) being combined with other approaches to inform on cognitive functions
d) drawing a specific link between cognitive behaviour and underlying brain mechanisms.

Question 5:


a) Wernicke’s aphasia
b) Motor aphasia
c) Broca’s aphasia
d) Interhemispheric aphasia

Question 6:


a) interhemispheric transfer
b) localization of function
c) phrenology
d) isomorphism

Question 7:


a) the inability of radioactive substances to cross the blood brain barrier
b) allergic reaction to radioactive substances
c) a limit to the amount of radiation that a person may be exposed to
d) There are no drawbacks; it is the ideal approach.

Question 8:


a) fMRI measures structure, whereas MRI measures only temporal processing
b) fMRI is capable of correlating the location of brain activity with cognitive behaviour, whereas MRI isn’t capable of that
c) MRI does not require the measurement of the flow of oxygen in the blood, whereas fMRI does
d) MRI requires a the ingestion of a radioactive substance (like PET), whereas fMRI does not

Question 9:


a) the Hebb rule
b) the Law of equipotentiality
c) the Law of mass action
d) localization of function

Question 10:


a) fMRI
b) MEG
c) behavioural studies
d) a combination of approaches, as no single approach can provide a complete answer

Question 11:


a) location
b) modules
c) sensory systems
d) cognitive systems

Question 12:


a) modular destruction
b) phrenology
c) ablation
d) functional destruction

Question 13:


a) law of mass action
b) law of equipotentiality
c) law of functional innervation
d) law of mass effect

Question 14:


a) parallelism
b) epiphenomenalism
c) interactionism
d) isomorphism

Question 15:


a) Emergent causation
b) Emergent property
c) Supervenient causation
d) Supervenient property

Question 16:


a) DTI
b) fMRI
c) ERP
d) PET

Question 17:


a) the law of effect
b) the law of equipotentiality
c) the law of connectionism
d) the Hebb rule

Question 18:


a) fMRI
b) MRI
c) PET
d) MEG

Question 19:


a) Epiphenomenalism
b) Parallelism
c) Isomorphism
d) Interactionism

Question 20:


a) Cognitive operations are specialized to particular brain areas.
b) Small brain lesions in a particular brain area result in significant behavioural deficits.
c) Small brain lesions in a particular brain area result in no behavioural deficits.
d) Because different individuals differ in intellectual ability, there must exist differentially developed brain areas to explain intellectual differences.



True or False Questions

Question 21:


a) True
b) False

Question 22:


a) True
b) False

Question 23:


a) True
b) False

Question 24:


a) True
b) False

Question 25:


a) True
b) False

Question 26:


a) True
b) False

Question 27:


a) True
b) False

Question 28:


a) True
b) False

Question 29:


a) True
b) False

Question 30:


a) True
b) False