Quiz for Chapter 5
Multiple Choice Questions
1. Which founder of sociology was particularly impressed by the work of Charles Darwin?
a) Karl Marx
b) Max Weber
c) Ibn Khaldun
Answer: A (Page 115)
2. ________ believed that scientists and artists would become the priests and spiritual leaders of a new secular religion?
a) Clotilde de Vaux
b) Karl Marx
d) Harold Innis
Answer: C (Page 116)
3. Social dynamics, Comte's term for the process of social change, is also referred to as ________.
a) laws of anthropo-sociology
b) laws of coexistence
c) laws of succession
d) laws of association
Answer: C (Page 119)
4. What was Comte's view of social revolution?
a) Comte saw social revolution as a way to achieve human liberation.
b) Comte believed that once positivism became dominant, there would be no need for social revolution.
c) Comte saw no division between order and progress and remained indifferent to revolution.
d) Comte was a strong supporter of the French revolution, seeing it as a stepping stone for the reorganizing of society
Answer: B (Page 119)
5. Harriet Martineau is known for ________.
a) writing the first book on sociological theory from a feminist perspective
b) her observations about American society
c) hertranslation of Durkheim's The Division of Labour into English
d) choosing political practice over academic sociology
Answer: B (Page 123)
True or False Questions
1. Weber was opposed to the wholesale adoption of natural science models for sociology.
Answer: True (Page 115)
2. Saint-Simon thought industrialism heralded the beginnings of a new and better society.
Answer: True (Page 115)
3. Contrary to popular belief, Marx did not believe that the working class would supersede the capitalists.
Answer: False (Page 116)
4. Durkheim thought society should be understood as a higher-level reality.
Answer: True (Page 124)
5. Social facts are independent of any given individual.
Answer: True (Page 125)
Fill in the Blank Questions
1. Comte blamed ________ thinkers for the disintegration of society.
Answer: Enlightenment (Page 118)
2. Littré adopted a limited kind of ________ informed by positivism.
Answer: socialism (Page 120)
3. Durkheim believed that society was ________, meaning that it is a higher-order reality that must be granted its own level of existence.
Answer: sui generis (Page 124)
4. Social ________ are generally-accepted ways of doing things.
Answer: norms (Page 129)
5. Harold Innis developed the ________, arguing that Canada's economic and social development depended on the extraction and exportation of natural resources.
Answer: staples thesis (Page 132)
Short Answer Questions
1. What is anomie and what does it produce?
Answer: Anomie, or normlessness, is Durkheim's term for the weakening of moral standards, leading to the production of social instability.
2. What did Saint-Simon think he had identified with regard to human history?
Answer: Saint-Simon thought he discovered a process by which ideas move through stages, with each stage characterized by conflict between the desire for social order and the crisis produced by transition to the next stage.
3. How did Comte come to coin the term 'sociology'?
Answer: Comte initially called his approach 'social physics', but he was forced to change it to 'sociology' because a statistician had already adopted 'social physics' for his version of social statistics.