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Higher Education

Online Media Resources

Welcome to the Online Media Resources for Communication and New Media, First Canadian Edition. This collection of online resources will help you explore and expand on the topics present in the textbook. While all of these links have been reviewed and selected by the editors at Oxford University Press Canada, we cannot always guarantee the content of these sites. Please surf at your own risk.


Chapter 1: Digital Dilemmas: Contradictions and Conflicts in Communication

Chapter 2: A Political Economy of Communication

Chapter 3: Contextualizing Technology: Convergence and Contradictions

Chapter 4: From Gutenberg to Global News: A Brief History of the Print Media

Chapter 5: Industrial Light and Magic: A Brief History of Still and Moving Pictures

Chapter 6: Telegraphy, the Talking Wireless, and Television

Chapter 7: From Calculation to Cyberia: Computing Over 2,500 Years

Chapter 8: The Golden Age of the Internet?

Chapter 9: Policy Convergence: The Government Regulation of Communication

Chapter 10: Who's a Journalist Now? The Expanded Reportorial Community

Chapter 11: We Know What You're Doing. . . . The Surveillance Society Has Arrived

Chapter 12: That's the Way the Cookie Crumbles: A Surveillance Economy

Chapter 13: Politics and New Media

Chapter 1: Digital Dilemmas: Contradictions and Conflicts in Communication

In the text:

“Mobile Youth Around the World.” The United Nations

Link to download a full report about mobile youth around the world, highlighting data from Brazil, Russia, India, China, Vietnam, Germany, US, UK, Spain and Italy, and focusing on phone preferences, purchase drivers, and data usage. (see p. 6)


News on digital culture, social media, and technology. (see p. 10)

Residential Telephone Service Survey. Statistics Canada.

Detailing the results from the Residential Telephone Service Survey conducted as part of the Labour Force Survey in December 2010, showing increased usage of wireless phone services. (see p. 6)

The Cyberhub

The Cyber Power Index identifies countries that are the current world leaders in technological and economic development as models to emulate. Links to individual research papers that comprise the Cyber Power Index are provided. (see p. 12)

“Riots, Suicides, and other Issues in Foxconn’s iPhone Factories.” CNET.

An article detailing the labour issues around producing iPhones. Includes a video. (see p. 15)

China Labour Watch

Founded in 2000, China Labor Watch is an independent not-for-profit organization. In the past ten years, CLW has collaborated with unions, labor organizations and the media to conduct a series of in-depth assessments of factories in China that produce toys, bikes, shoes, furniture, clothing, and electronics for some of the largest US companies. (see p. 15)

Corporate Watch

Corporate Watch is an independent, not-for-profit journalism, research and publishing group that undertakes research on the social and environmental impact of corporations and corporate power. Includes detailed company profiles of many major corporations, as well as news, research, and reports. (see p. 15)

Global Labour Rights

The website for the Institute for Global Labour and Human Rights. Provides detailed information on current campaigns with regular alerts. (see p. 15)

Almost Real: Connecting in a Wired World. National Film Board.

A 45-minute documentary following the stories of several people for whom the Internet has become a way to connect with like-minded souls: a cyberpunk based on an anti-aircraft rig in the English Channel who operates a rogue Web server, a monk developing “wireless prayer technology,” a “gamer” who re-creates himself in an online game, a retired couple living in an Internet-controlled seniors’ complex, and a divorcée who exchanges vows online with a man she’s never met. (see p. 19)

Additional Resources:

Life Inc. The Movie. Douglas Rushkoff

Douglas Rushkoff speaks about corporations, how they began, and how corporation culture has become so intrinsic today that most of us are unaware of it in his documentary Life.

Canadian Media Research Consortium (CMRC)

An academic organization conducting research on Canadian media issues. Many of their reports and publications have been made available on the site.

Media Convergence, Sales, and Acquisitions in Canada. CBC News – Business

A summary of Canada’s major media players, their acquisition histories, and current activities.

The Quiet Project

An interactive website which guides the user through a thought experiment using black letters on a grey background and some music to create a quiet place away from the constant information of today’s world, forcing us to be quiet for 30 seconds and remember that computers have not always been a part of our life.

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Chapter 2: A Political Economy of Communication

In the text:

Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The United Nations

An online copy of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Of particular interest is Article 19, which describes the right of every human to “seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers”. (see p. 22)

Triple C: Communication, Capitalism, and Critique

An open-access journal for a global sustainable information society and provides a forum to discuss the challenges humanity is facing in the information society today. It offers free access to numerous peer-reviewed articles taking a critical approach to studies of media, digital media, and the information and communication in society. (see p. 25)

Free the Children

A site founded by the Kielburger brothers attempting to draw public attention to children’s rights. Offers links to articles written by the brothers, their international and domestic programming initiatives, and the Free the Children blog. (see p. 36 )

The International Initiative to End Child Labour

A US-based, non-profit organization that provides education, training, technical assistance, capacity building, research, social accountability auditing, resources, and evaluation services to public and private institutions and agencies, non-governmental organizations, and international programmatic institutions that seek to eliminate the worst forms of child labour in the United States and around the world. (see p. 36)

End Modern Slavery

A blog that offers articles on modern day slavery aid, economics, social awareness, and work. (see p. 36)

Konzentrationslager Auschwitz

Details the experience of homosexuals in the Auschwitz concentration camps. Be sure to click on the English translation link at the top of the page! (see p. 40)

Pink Triangle Press

Pink Triangle Press is Canada’s leading gay and lesbian media organization. It established itself as a non-profit company and attempted to create a management where work was equally shared, rather than according to a dominant hierarchy. (see p. 40)

The ‘Lectric Law Library

A summary of the of the Defense of Marriage Act (1996) in the United States, which was supported by opponents of gay marriage and prevented the federal government from making a ruling that applied to all states. (see p. 40)

Additional Resources:

Cultural Rights and Ethics – Compendium: Cultural Policies and Trends in Europe

A summary of laws and policies protecting cultural rights worldwide.

The United Nations on Human Trafficking

The United Nation’s page on human trafficking.

The FBI on Human Trafficking

The FBI’s page on human trafficking.

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Chapter 3: Contextualizing Technology: Convergence and Contradictions

In the text:

GeneWatch UK

GeneWatch UK is a not-for-profit group that monitors developments in genetic technologies from public interest, human rights, environmental protection, and animal welfare perspectives. The group believes people should have a voice in whether or how these technologies are used. They offer information on genetic technology issues in crops and food, animal and human genetics, laboratory and industrial use, research agendas and patenting, trade, and biological weapons. (see p. 44)


Similar to GeneWatch UK, GMWatch is an independent organization that works against the political power and propaganda of major corporations in regards to genetically modified foods. It is mostly funded by individual supporters and offers news, articles, and videos. (see p. 44)

Canadian Media Concentration Research Project

The Canadian Media Concentration Research Project is part of the International Media Concentration Research (IMCR) project, which studies media concentration in over 30 countries in the world. It provides public access to research that is not filtered through corporate public relations and a commercial media reporting on itself. (see p. 58)

Frontline PBS,The Merchants of Cool

A documentary about marketing to teenagers and the potentially negative impact this may have on the younger generation. (see p. 66)

Additional Resources:

The Daily Dot

News site featuring stories on the Internet and its largest communities.


Technology blog on Internet industry news.


An aggregator for technology-related news.

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Chapter 4: From Gutenberg to Global News: A Brief History of the Print Media

In the text:

The Canadian Encyclopedia on Petroglyphs

An article by Joan M. Vastokas on the Historica Canada website about pictographs and petroglyphs in Canada (some of the first forms of media) with pictures of examples. (see p. 70)

The Canadian Intellectual Property Office

A guide to understanding the basics of copyright in Canada. (see p. 75)


An interactive timeline about newspaper history in Canada, from 1752 to 2000. (see p. 77)

Canadian Race Relations (CRR)

A website dedicated to eliminating racism and strengthening harmonious race relations in Canada. Provides information on the CRRF Act, programs and initiatives, their library, news and events, research, and education and training. (see p. 84)

The Canadian Press

The Canadian Press’ history, including a timeline of historical milestones, with information on who owned the press and when. (see p. 84)

China Xinhau News Agency

The English version of the China Xinhau News Agency, which is state-controlled. (see p. 84)

Russian Itar-Tass

The English version of the Russian Itar-Tass, which is state-controlled. (see p. 84)

Thomson Reuters

The website for Thomson Reuters, the largest collector and distributor of text, video, pictures, and graphics of events and issues based on a range of information. Subscription-based. (see p. 84)

Statistic Brain on iPhone 5 sales

Statistics for the sales of the iPhone 5. (see p. 91)

Additional Resources:

Nova Scotia Archives on the Halifax Gazette

A brief article on the first newspaper in Canada, with links to electronic images of the newspaper.

Newspapers Canada

Newspapers Canada’s information on the history of the newspaper in Canada and current industry reports.

Canadian Journal of Communication

A journal dedicated to Canadian research and scholarship in the field of communication studies. Back issues are available to read online.

Media Democracy Days

A yearly event held in Vancouver to promote public dialogue, education, and engagement with the media.

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Chapter 5: Industrial Light and Magic: A Brief History of Still and Moving Pictures

In the text:

Rochester Environment

A free media resource attempting to inform the public and encourage discussion about the environment in Rochester, NY, which is currently coping with one of the highest rates of chemical pollution in the United States. (see p. 97)

Scorecard: The Pollution Information System

A website that allows you to look up a pollution “scorecard” for different cities and counties in the United States. It also provides information on a wide variety of pollution topics. (see p. 97)

Flickr – About

Flickr’s page where they equate themselves to an online family album; an example of technological obsolescence (the family album) and the new solution (online photo storage). (see p. 100)

The Impossible Project

A project that revived Polaroid instant film and cameras. Offers videos about the project and their factory, their coverage in the press, and a shop where you can buy refurbished cameras and film. (see p. 101)

The Alliance for Audited Media

An organization working for the benefit of advertisers, provides statistics of circulation numbers for newspapers, magazines, and other media. (see p. 106)

The Reader’s Digest Association (RDA)

Information about Reader’s Digest and its history as a global media and direct marketing company. (see p. 106)

Advertising Standards Authority (ASA) on RDA

The summary of a case where the ASA charged Reader’s Digest for violating advertising standards in 2008. (see p. 106)

BoxOffice Media

A website detailing box office numbers for movies released in the United States and around the world for the film industry. (see p. 111)

Telefilm Canada

A website involved with cinema in Canada. (see p. 112)

International Women's Day. National Film Board of Canada

A website providing information about the feminist films produced in Studio D by the NFB. Includes links to films currently available for streaming. (see p. 116)

Behind the Screen. Internet Archive Silent Films

Charlie Chaplin’s 1916 20-minute film Behind the Screen is available for streaming. (see p. 122)

Additional Resources:


News on Canadian film, television, gaming, and interactive media industries. Most articles are locked to non-subscribers, but you can access other resources including their BluePages list of Canadian production companies and Hot Sheet list of top rankings in Canadian film, video, and television.


A Canadian entertainment and show business news site. Their music page publishes SoundScan Canadian record charts.

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Chapter 6: Telegraphy, the Talking Wireless, and Television

In the text:

Early Radio History

Provides articles and extracts on early radio history. (see p. 126)

Early Radio History on the International Wireless Telegraph Convention

An html version of the International Wireless Telegraph Convention, detailing codes for incidents such as ships in distress, and the proper protocol for these events. (see p. 128)

Investopedia on Weather Futures

Investopedia’s definition and explanation of weather futures. (see p. 128)

The American Federation of Music

A site for helping to protect professional musicians in the United States, advocating for fair pay, property protection, and benefits. Offer’s a history of the union. (see p. 134)

Music Canada

Canada’s version of the AFM. (see p. 135)

Google Transparency Reports

Google’s data on requests for the removal of material posted online for copyright violation. (see p. 135)

Canadian Communications Foundation (CCF) on the history of the Canadian Broadcast Regulation

CCF’s history of Canadian Broadcast Regulation, in timeline format. (see p. 136)

Radio Canada International

A Canadian news website which provides multilingual service geared towards people who don’t know much about Canada. (see p. 141)

Voice of America (VOA)

A website that provides multilingual media services to over 40 countries and is funded by the United States government. (see p. 141)

Radio Canada International (RCI) Action Committee Blog

The blog for the RCI Action Committee, which is fighting to protect RCI’s international mandate and autonomy, mostly by ex-employees. (see p. 142)

Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) on defining Canadian music

The CRTC’s page on what defines Canadian music using the MAPL system. (see p. 142)

Rush Limbaugh

Rush Limbaugh’s site, with videos, articles, podcasts, and more. (see p. 142)

As It Happens. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation

The website for the Canadian show As It Happens, which attempts to get the “story behind the story” by obtaining interviews with the people who are at the centre of the action. (see p. 143)

The Canadian Broadcast Standards Council

An independent, non-governmental organization that creates and administers broadcasting standards for Canada’s private broadcasters. (see p. 143)

The Canadian Broadcast Standards Council

An independent, non-governmental organization that creates and administers broadcasting standards for Canada’s private broadcasters. (see p. 143)

Radio Listening. Statistics Canada

The 2007 data table for radio usage in Canada. (see p. 143)


An online petition to fight against the Harper government’s drastic cuts to funding for the CBC. (see p. 143)

Radio Broadcasting Industry. Statistics Canada

Statistics Canada’s 2010 report on the radio broadcasting industry. (see p. 144)

The Peoplemeters. Nielson Television

About Nielson Television Audience Measurement’s technology for recording what people are watching, every second of every day. (see p. 147)

Reality Bites Back

A website about Jennifer Pozner’s book, Reality Bites Back: The Troubling Truth about Guilty Pleasure TV, where she takes a look at the social consequences and political implications of reality TV and the negative ways it represents gender, race, and culture. Includes links to articles and media literacy games. (see p. 148)

Canada Calling. National Film Board of Canada

A short 20-minute documentary from 1948 about the CBC and Canadian radio (see p. 150)

Additional Resources:

TV, eh?

Information and news stories on Canadian television.

Broadcasting Public Notice CRTC 2008-4

The CRTC’s notice regarding media ownership and diversity.

CRTC on the Broadcasting Public Notice

The public notice released by the CRTC on defining the jurisdiction of broadcasting policy on new media.

Aboriginal Peoples Television Network

A Canadian news website focused on an Aboriginal perspective.

Inuit Broadcasting Corporation

A Canadian broadcasting corporation specializing in indigenous programming, promoting Aboriginal culture and heritage

Mapping Global Media Policy: Canadian Broadcast Policy

An overview of the various policies and organizations that influence Canadian broadcast policy. Other visualizations and a summary of each player are also available.

World Indigenous Television Broadcasters Network

A global network of television broadcasters committed to promoting and preserving indigenous languages and cultures.

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Chapter 7: From Calculation to Cyberia: Computing Over 2,500 Years

In the text:

The Computer History Museum

The Computer History Museum’s online offerings, including historical documents, oral histories, and multimedia. (see p. 166)

Department of Computer Science, University of Toronto

A timeline of the University of Toronto’s Computer Science Department’s historical highlights. (see p. 168)

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Florida:

A webpage of useful data measurement charts. (see p. 168)

Naomi Klein

A site for helping to protect professional musicians in the United States, advocating for fair pay, property protection, and benefits. Offer’s a history of the union. (see p. 134)

The Semi-Automatic Ground Environment

Videos about the Semi-Automatic Ground Environment from the 1950s. (see p. 173)

The Communication’s Security Establishment Canada (CSEC)

The website for the CSEC, Canada’s national cryptologic agency. (see p. 173)

Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS)

The website for the Canadian Security Intelligence Service. (see p. 173)

Eisenhower warns us of the military industrial complex. YouTube

Eisenhower’s farewell address to the United States in 1961, in which he warns the American people of the military-industrial complex. (see p. 174)

The Canadian Association of Defence and Security Industries (CADSI)

The website for the Canadian Association of Defence and Security Industries, offering information about CADSI and their history, member profiles and industry news. (see p. 174)

Additional Resources:

Computer Hope

An extensive timeline of the history of computers.

The Canadian Video Game and Computer Industry

Information and analysis on the video-game and computer industry in Canada.

Computer History Museum’s Video Collection

The Computer History Museum’s YouTube channel, with hundreds of videos on the technical, mathematical, and historical aspects of computers.

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Chapter 8: The Golden Age of the Internet?

In the text:

Intel Corporation

Intel’s page about Moore’s Law. Moore was involved with work on silicon chips. (see p. 184)


Eric Hughes’ cypherpunk manifesto about privacy. (see p. 193)


Code is a non-profit organization dedicated to making access to computer science more widely available across the United States. Of particular interest is the list of donors. What motivated these companies or organizations to donate? (see p. 193)

Canada at the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). Industry Canada

A summary of Canada’s role at the World Summit on the Information Society. (see p. 195)

IT World Canada

The site for the publication Computing Canada, with links to their articles. (see p. 197)

Digital Canada. Industry Canada

Information on the Digital Economy in Canada. (see p. 197)

Latest Hi Tech News. Sapiens Bryan

A blog about the latest technology news and information. (see p. 197)

This Week in Tech

The program “This Week in Tech” aspires to be the “CNN for Geeks”. (see p. 197)


CNET is a large news aggregator for commercial technology. (see p. 197)

The Globe and Mail on Technology News

The latest news and comparisons of commercial technology from The Globe and Mail. (see p. 197)

Toronto Star on Technology News

The latest news and comparisons of commercial technology from the Toronto Star. (see p. 197)

Internet Tycoon, BoardGameGeek

Information on the boardgame Internet Tycoon, created by de Leon Pereira, where the goal is to build your own digital empire. (see p. 206)


A terminal of information and thoughts about cyberpunk. (see p. 206)

Project Cyberpunk

An information database of files collected about cyberpunk subculture and science-fiction. (see p. 206)

Additional Resources:


A campaign against potential bandwidth throttling by Canadian ISPs by OpenMedia.

Internet World Stats

A collection of numbers and statistics on global Internet usage.

TIME Magazine’s Best and Worst of the Internet 2011

There may be more blogs, microblogs, and Twitter accounts than there are fish in the sea. Start exploring what’s out there using these best-of lists.


This site lists the most popular Twitter accounts by number of followers.


A web service that measures your online influence by analyzing your social network connections and activities.


A “discovery engine” that recommends websites to users based on their likes and interests. Recommendations are generated by the activity of other StumbleUpon users.

The Conversation Prism

A map of the social media network, circa 2009. How many of these sites do you know and use?

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Chapter 9: Policy Convergence: The Government Regulation of Communication

In the text:

British Columbia Press Council

The British Columbia press council site for regulating commercial press standards and ethics in BC. (see p. 214)

Ontario Press Council

The Ontario Press Council site for regulating commercial press ethics, reviewing complaints received about unethical standards. (see p. 214)

Quebec Press Council

The Quebec press council site for regulating commercial press standards and ethics in Quebec. (see p. 214)

International Telecommunications Union (ITU)

The page for the Council Working Group with links to the minutes from their meetings and the regulations they have passed. (see p. 215)

IT World Canada

The site for the publication Computing Canada, with links to their articles. (see p. 197)

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)

A private US corporation that controls the allotment of unique names and identifying numbers used on the Internet globally. (see p. 215)

Communication Rights in the Information Society (CRIS)

The CRIS site, with information on what communication is and the rights that should be associated with it. (see p. 215)

World Trade Organization (WTO)

The site for the World Trade Organization. Of particular interest is their work overseeing the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, the General Agreement on Trade in Services, and TRIPS. (see p. 216)

World Trade Organization (WTO) on legal documents

Links to the World Trade Organization’s legal documents. (see p. 216)

Centre for Community Study (CCS)

The CCS provides services to the public, not-for-profit and private sectors with expertise in a urban trends and analysis, community renewal strategies, media policy analysis; organizational and strategic planning. (see p. 217)

Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) on Policy

The CRTC’s broadcasting policy. (see p. 217)

Local Television

An interactive mapping system created by the CCS that allows people to learn about the regulatory controls over their local television and allow for greater public participation. (see p. 217)

Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) on the Diversity of Voices Project

The site for the CRTC’s Diversity of Voices project for local broadcasting. (see p. 217)

Information Highway Advisory Council. Health Canada

Health Canada’s involvement with the Information Highway Advisory Council. (see p. 219)

Industry Canada on the NBTF

The 2001 report of the National Broadband Task Force, The New National Dream: Networking the Nation for Broadband Access. (see p. 220)

Telecommunication in Canada. Industry Canada on

The Telecommunications Policy Review Panel Final Report for 2006 reflecting a narrower vision of the role of telecommunication in Canada. (see p. 220)

Catalyzing Canada's Digital Economy. Council of Canadian Academies

The 2010 Report by the Expert Panel on Digital Technologies and Innovation, on Catalyzing Canada’s Digital Economy. (see p. 221)

Status Report – Complaints Related to Internet Traffic Management Practices (ITMPs). CRTC

CRTC’s page on the Status Report of Complaints Related to Internet Traffic Management Practices (ITMPs). (see p. 228)

US Copyright Office

The US Copyright Office’s summary of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act of 1998. (see p. 230)

Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)

The website for EFF, which attempts to protect free speech, privacy, and consumer rights on the internet. (see p. 230)

Parliament of Canada on Bill C-11

The Parliament of Canada’s Bill C-11, an amendment to the Copyright Act. (see p. 231)

Free Software Foundation

The GNU Operating System website, by the Free Software Foundation, and their description of what CopyLeft is. (see p. 231)

Creative Commons on licenses

Details of the licenses distributed by the Creative Commons, which is the default for traditional copyright. (see p. 231)

Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) on Jean-Pierre Blais’ speech

A copy of the 2012 Speech by Jean-Pierre Blais, Chairman of the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission. (see p. 232)

Additional Resources:

Plan for a Digital Canada

Site for the 2010 report by the Standing Committee on Transportation and Communications.

The Statue of Anne, 1710

The text of the first copyright act in the world.

“Free culture: How big media uses technology and the law to lock down culture and control creativity” by Lawrence Lessig

Lessig’s lecture against restrictive copyright laws. This lecture sparked the Free Culture movement and the establishment of Creative Commons.

Michael Geist

Blog of Michael Geist, professor at the University of Ottawa and critic of Canadian communications policy and copyright law.

Cory Doctorow, Context: Further Selected Essays on Productivity, Creativity, Parenting, and Politics in the 21st Century. (San Francisco: Tachyon Publishing, 2011).

A collection of essays on the internet, copyright and intellectual property issues, and living in the digital age. Available to read free from the author’s website.

Lawrence Lessig, Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy (London: Bloomsbury Academic, 2008).

In this book, Lessig argues that old modes of copyright restrict the new internet cultural paradigm. Available to read free from the author’s website.

Who Owns What

A guide to holdings by major European and North American media companies.

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Chapter 10: Who's a Journalist Now? The Expanded Reportorial Community

In the text:

Parliament of Canada on Media Content Standards

The Parliament of Canada’s site on standards for writing media content (newspapers in particular). (see p. 241)

Atkinson Principles. Torstar

Torstar’s Atkinson Principles, an editorial policy that remains an integral part of newspaper history. (see p. 242)

Canadian Broadcast Corporation (CBC) on Radio Policy 2.2.3

CBC Radios’ Policy 2.2.3 on Conflict of Interest and Ethics, a formalized ethics code for all employees. (see p. 243)

Association of Electronic Journalists on Ethics

The Association of Electronic Journalists’ Code of Ethics. (see p. 243)

Media Culpa

A blog that deals with media issues, such as plagiarism. (see p. 243)

Office of the Information Commissioner of Canada

The information brochure for the Office of the Information Commissioner of Canada. (see p. 246)

Newspapers Canada on Freedom of Information

Newspapers Canada’s page on the Freedom of Information, with access to their “Freedom of Information Audit.” Newspaper Canada monitors and records both provincial and federal requests from its media members, indicating widely varying response and increased wait times across Canada. (see p. 246)

Project Censored

The top 25 lists for each year of censored stories from Project Censored. (see p. 248)

Year in Review, 2011. Tyndall Report

A report of the top news stories in 2011. (see p. 249)

Spin Cycles. CBC

Streaming for the six episodes in the series Spin Cycles, which looks in-depth at the relations between politics, the media, and public relations. (see p. 250)

Examples of Media Watchdog Sites (see p. 250):

Communications, Energy, and Paperworkers’ Union of Canada

The site for the Communications, Energy, and Paperworkers Union of Canada, one of the largest unions covering employees in many sectors, from forestry to media. (see p. 254)

Open Journalism. The Guardian

The Guardian’s extensive section on open journalism, explaining what it is and providing links to numerous examples. (see p.260)

User-Generated Content. CBC

The CBC’s user-generated content section. (see p. 260)

Blogs. The Calgary Herald

The Calgary Herald’s opinion blog section. (see p. 260)

Additional Resources:

“The Publishing Pie: An Author’s View” by Margaret Atwood

Canadian author Margaret Atwood asks publishers and tech developers to remember the role of the author in the new world of digital publishing.

The Business of Digital Journalism

The Story So Far, a report on the business of digital journalism by the Tow Center for Digital Journalism, is available for download.


Blogger is a blog publishing service directed toward both private and multi-user blogs. It is owned by Google and is protected by their security systems.


Drupal is a largely volunteer and community based publisher, and is one of the largest in the world.


The largest self-hosted blogging tool in the world. It is completely open source which allows the community to create and share custom plugins and widgets.

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Chapter 11: We Know What You're Doing. . . . The Surveillance Society Has Arrived

In the text:

International Freedom of Expression eXchange (IFEX)

The site for the International Freedom of Expression eXchange, which brings together local freedom of expression groups to a global site. (see p. 273)

International Freedom of Expression eXchange (IFEX) on Repression

IFEX’s article on repressive regimes sharing ways to silence dissent and control both populations and communication. (see p. 273)

The UN Human Rights Norms for Business. Amnesty International

Amnesty International’s UN Human Rights Norms for Business. (see p. 273)

Association of Electronic Journalists on Ethics

The Association of Electronic Journalists’ Code of Ethics. (see p. 243)

War Measures Act. The Loyal Edmonton Regiment Military Museum

The War Measures Act of 1914. (see p. 276)

The Canadian National History Museum on the Winnipeg General Strike

The Canadian National History Museum’s excerpt on the Winnipeg General Strike. (see p. 277)

Canadian Broadcast Corporation (CBC) on Trudeau

The 20-minute video of Trudeau giving his speech of the War Measures Act. (see p. 277)

The White House Archives on the War on Terrorism

A copy of George W. Bush’s speech on the War on Terrorism. (see p. 277)

Canadian Broadcast Corporation (CBC) on Online Surveillance

A CBC article on online surveillance critics being accused of supporting child pornography. (see p. 277)

National Assembly of Quebec

Information on an act allowing postsecondary institutes to send instructions to students attending their schools in Canada. (see p. 277)

C4ISR & Networks

The US Defense and Intelligence officials rely on C4ISR & Networks for information on advanced weapons platforms, sensor systems, and command and control centres that provide information advantage, battlefield dominance, speed of command and mission effectiveness. (see p. 279)

Financial Crimes Enforcement Network

A copy of the US Patriots Act. (see p. 279)

US Patriot Act. CBC

A CBC article about the US Congress’ extension of the US Patriot Act. (see p. 279)

Government of Canada Justice Laws Website on Anti-terrorism

The Government of Canada’s Anti-Terrorism Act. (see p. 279)

Canadian Internet Policy and Public Interest Clinic (CIPPIC)

CIPPIC’s article on the evolving role of online intermediaries in public sector surveillance. (see p. 282)

Big Brother Watch

A website based in the UK that conducts research on privacy violations. (see p. 287)

Open Parliament on Bill C-10

Open Parliament’s information on Bill C-10, or the Safe Streets and Community Act. (see p. 289)

Canadian Border Services Agency on NEXUS

The government of Canada’s web page on the NEXUS program, which creates a “social sorting” as there are longer and longer line-ups at airports. (see p. 290)

Office of the Privacy Commissioner of Canada on the Privacy Act

Fact sheets about PIPEDA and the Privacy Act. (see p. 291)

Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario

The website for the Information and Privacy Commissioner of Ontario. (see p. 291)

Information and Privacy Commissioner of British Columbia

The website for the Information and Privacy Commissioner of British Columbia. (see p. 291)

Commission for the Access of Information in Quebec

The Commission for the Access of Information in Quebec, with links to their reports, bulletins, and guides. (see p. 291)

Additional Resources:

comScore, Inc.

A research firm specializing in digital media. Their corporate blog discusses new approaches and innovations in digital marketing.

Best Buy flyer from 1996

Look at the electronic products that were available in 1996. How many of these products are now obsolete? What electronic items do you currently own that didn’t yet exist when this flyer came out?

I Believe in Advertising

A curated collection of new advertising campaigns from around the world.


This website tracks how often a hashtag appears on Twitter and lists further information.

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Chapter 12: That's the Way the Cookie Crumbles: A Surveillance Economy

In the text:

Canada’s Action Plan

The website for Canada’s Action Plan, meant to address national and international political economic security. (see p. 297)

Forums and Committees. Information Technology Association of Canada (ITAC)

ITAC’s page on their forums and committees. (see p. 298)

Canadian Association of Defense and Security Industries (CADSI) on Cyber Security

A CADSI article about government actions to support cyber security industries. (see p. 298)

Public Safety Canada on Cyber Security

A link to Public Safety Canada’s PDF of Canada’s Cyber Security Policy. (see p. 298)

Their Net Worth

A website that provides the net worth of large corporations, such as Google, as well as graphs to compare corporations to one another. (see p. 307)

Google on DoubleClick

A Google article about their acquisition of DoubleClick on their blog. (see p. 311)

Google on their Company Mission

Google’s page on the ten things they hold to be true about their company, revealing that their search engines are not objective or random. (see p. 311)

Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) on Identity Theft

The PBS Newshour’s transcript about stealing identities. (see p. 313)

British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC), Virtual Revolution

Clips from the documentary TV series Virtual Revolution. (see p. 219)

Additional Resources:


A Canadian non-profit organization promoting accessible, diverse, and innovative communications in Canada.

Information Clearing House

An alternative news source that aims to “correct the distorted perceptions provided by commercial media.”

Marshall McLuhan

Website of the Estate of Marshall McLuhan. Receive regular “McLuhanisms” through their Twitter feed.

TED Talks, “Beware online ‘filter bubbles’” by Eli Pariser

In this talk, Pariser, an Internet and political activist, explains why your Internet search may not be as impartial as you think.

What They Know (The Wall Street Journal)

This site illustrates how major websites collect information about your online activities.


This browser plug-in lets you see and control the third-party sites collecting information on your online activities.

Geospatial Data Abstraction Library

GDAL is a database for viewing geospatial information.

Google Public Data

Makes it easy to visualize a range of data sets which can be displayed as line graphs, bar graphs, cross-sectional plots, or on maps.

Google Trends

Maps how often a search term is used.

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Chapter 13: Politics and New Media

In the text:

Ontario Government Services on e-government

The Ontario Government Service’s site on e-government. (see p. 335)

Canadian Association of Community Television Users and Stations (CACTUS)

CACTUS is dedicated to educating consumers about local media and media production training in Canada. (see p. 343)


An example of online alternative media, Rabble, a non-partisan progressive site tries to deliver news from progressive journalists, activists, and writers. (see p. 343)

Progressive Bloggers

Another example of online alternative media, Progblogs is a blog that is not affiliated to any one political group, but rather is interested in progressive politics. (see p. 342)


A not-for-profit media organization attempting to make more news and information public. (see p. 349)

Examples of Online Alternative Media (see pp. 342, 349):

Examples of Online Grassroots Organizations (see p. 349)

Additional Resources:


A Canadian anti-consumerist, counterculture magazine. Famous for their culture jamming campaigns.

The Yes Men

A culture jamming group. Their tactics involve impersonating corporate and government spokespeople or representatives in order to satirize and spoof the values and ideologies of those entities.

Reclaim the Media

An American organization working towards “social change through media justice.”

The Onion

A satirical news site that parodies traditional newspaper elements while commenting on current events and popular culture.

Information Clearing House

An alternative news source that aims to “correct the distorted perceptions provided by commercial media.”

The Dominion

A Canadian alternative newspaper, with content written by independent journalists.

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